Wood River System Spawning Ground Catalog


Introductionwood-river-sgc

Studies of the spawning population of red salmon in the Wood River lake system of western Alaska have been conducted annually since 1946. In the first years of study, emphasis was placed on the magnitude of escapement to the individual spawning areas and the length frequency and sex composition of spawning populations. In later years attention has been turned to the escapement-return relation and the relation between numbers of spawning salmon in the individual Wood River lakes and abundance and growth of progeny.

Physical and biological information on the creeks and rivers in the system has become a backlog of useful knowledge in the study of salmon runs. Such information is now organized in the form of a catalog and is presented here. Future data can be readily added to this catalog as they are collected. The present report is confined to data on creeks and rivers in the Wood River system and does not include beach spawning areas.

Data for the years 1946-59 were collected under support of Alaska salmon industry funds. Since 1959, additional support came from the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries. The compilation of this catalog is completed under Contracts Nos. 14-17-0005-33 and 14-17-0007-91 (B) to the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.

Data from the catalog has been condensed into the following table. You may browse, sort and search through the presented data.

Catalog I.D. Site Latitude Longitude Total Length Length Accessible to Salmon Average Width Width Range Average Depth Depth Range Total Accessible Spawning Area Potential Spawning Area Bottom Quality Watershed Area Velocity Flow Flow Range Air Temp. Water Temp. Survey Method Fish Species Percent of Total Excapement Time of Occupancy Peak Spawning Date
A 0.0 Wood River 59.28 -158.613333 19 mi 19 mi 250-500 ft 4-18 in 10% boulder, 50% rubble, 30% gravel, and 10% sand and mud in upper section of approximately 2 miles. 100% mud and sand below. 1200 sq mi 5048 cfs Estmates of fish usually made by aerial surveys. Chums, silvers, pinks, kings, Arctic char, rainbow trout, grayling, whitefish. 0.46 Jun. 20-Sept. 20. Eartly fish are probably migrating adults Sept. 1
A 4.3 Big Whitefish Creek 59.271667 -158.675 1.6 mi 1.6 mi 10 ft 6-18 ft 12 in 6-30 in 1.94 acres 75%, 1.45 acres 50% gravel, 30% rubble, 20% sand, mud, and clay 4.5 sq mi 1-3.5 cfs 15 cfs 15.3 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Arctic char, chums, lamprey, rainbow trout, whitefish. 0.15 July 26-Sept. 1. Earliest fish are migrating to lake. Aug. 18
A 4.3 Little Whitefish Creek 59.27167 -158.675 0.8 mi 0.8 mi 5.5 ft 3-7 ft 5 in 3-24 in .51 acres 92%; .47 acres 100% gravel 0.5 sq mi 2.2 cfs 5 cfs 11.4 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. None observed. <0.1 July 23-Aug. 22 Aug. 8
A 5.5 Yako Creek 59.28 -158.695 3.5 mi 3.5 mi 14 ft 7-32 ft 10 in 6-36 in 5.94 acres 50%; 2.97 acres 70% gravel, 30% rubble 3 sq mi 2.75 cfs 25.67 cfs 11-25.67 20.6 C 6.9 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. None observed. 0.19 July 24-Aug. 20 Aug. 10
A 8.8 Bear Creek 59.303333 -158.771667 2 mi 2 mi 16 ft 6-25 ft 7.5 in 4-18 in 3.88 acres 85%; 3.30 acres 90% gravel, 10% sand 8.2 sq mi 2.3 cfs 6.3 cfs 6.3-34.5 16.1 C 8.6 C Ground surveys in earlier years, mostly aerial surveys in later years. Chums. 0.38 July 17-Aug. 15 Aug. 5
A 14.7 Ice Creek 59.34 -158.805 10 mi 10 mi 50 ft 35-90 ft 20 in 14-60 in 60.61 acres 85%; 51.51 acres 90% gravel, 5% mud, 5% sand 26.5 sq mi 2.8 cfs 122.6 cfs 12.8 C 8.3 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Many chums, some pinks, occasional kings. 0.57 July 26-Aug. 26 Peak of spawning: Aug. 8
A 26.2 Youth Creek 59.44 159.016667 13 mi Not observed. 45 ft 30-80 ft 42 in 19.2-96 in 70.89 acres 70% rubble, 20% sand, 10% gravel 18.0 sq mi 3.5 cfs 250 cfs cfs Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Chums, pinks (seen near mouth). 0.02 July 24-Aug. 30 Approximately Aug. 10
A 28.3 Sunshine Creek 59.46 159.053333 15 mi 15 mi 90 ft 60-120 ft 24 in 21.6-144 in 163.6 acres 83%; 135.8 acres 60% gravel, 40% sand 45.0 sq mi 2.8 cfs 390 cfs Ground surveys in earlier years, normally aerial surveys in later years. Chums, char, pinks, kings. 0.39 July 20-Aug. 28 Aug. 16
A 55.6 Happy Creek 59.333333 -158.72 4 mi 4 mi 10 ft 7-22 ft 10 in 6-30 in 4.85 acres 80%; 3.88 acres 90% gravel, 10% mud 4.5 sq mi 3 cfs 34.5 cfs 13.3 C 7.8 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Arctic char. 0.33 July 18-Aug. 15 Aug. 7-14
A 57.0 Hansen Creek 59.328333 -158.696667 1.3 mi 1.3 mi 13 ft 6-20 ft 4 in 2-12 in 2.05 acres 100%; 2.05 acres 100% small gravel 1.0 sq mi 2.3 cfs 8 cfs 14.4 C 8.9 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Arctic char (young). 0.45 July 17-Aug. 29 Aug. 7
A 64.8 Mission Creek 59.283333 -158.583333 1 mi 1 mi 5 ft 4 in .61 acres 60%; .37 acres Mostly rocky in the lower steep section, but good fine gravel in upper section of creek. Usually aerial surveys. None observed. Aug. 1-Aug. 15 Aug. 10
N 0.0 Agulowak River 59.41 -158.883333 4 mi 4 mi 200 ft 200-300 ft 19.2-180 in 96.96 acres 75%; 72.72 acres 20% gravel, 20% boulder, 60% rubble 1000 sq mi 3.2 cfs 1500 cfs Not observed C 11.4 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Kings, pinks, chums, silvers, grayling, arctic char, rainbow trout. 5.17 July 24-Sept. 25 Aug. 28
N 11.6 Portage Creek 59.473333 -158.883333 1.3 mi 1.3 mi 9.1 ft 8.4-9.5 ft 8 in 6-12 in 1.43 acres 85%; 1.26 acres Good gravel in creek 10.8 C Usually ground surveys. None observed. <.01 Aug. 1-Aug. 25 Aug. 12
N 20.4 Pick Creek 59.55 -159.071667 2.5 mi 2.5 mi 15 ft 12-35 ft 18 in 12-42 in 4.55 acres 90%; 4.10 acres 80% gravel, 10% sand, 10% mud 4.5 sq mi 2.3 cfs 22.4 cfs 12.8 C 8.3 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial and ground surveys in later years. Occasional chums. 1.32 July 25-Sept. 2 Aug. 10
N 24.7 Elva Creek 59.593333 159.061667 3.5 mi 3 mi 15 ft 10-35 ft 17 in 12-42 in 5.45 acres 15%; .82 acres 30% gravel, 50% rubble, 10% boulder, and 10% sand 12.7 sq mi Both aerial and ground surveys. None observed. 0.04 Aug. 6-Sept. 1 Aug. 18
N 50.7 Joe Creek 59.594444 -158.9 4.8 mi 4.8 mi 25.5 ft 18-33 ft 13 in 3-18 in 15 acres 80%; 12 acres 50% gravel, 50% rubble Rarely surveyed. None observed.
N 51.7 Sam Creek 59.604722 -158.848333 3.1 mi 3.1 mi 24.2 ft 20-30 ft 13 in 3-19 in 9.1 acres 80%; 7.3 acres 90% gravel, 10% rubble Rarely surveyed. None observed.
N 81.3 Kema Creek 59.566667 -158.59 3.2 mi 3.2 mi 22 ft 12-40 ft 15 in 10-42 in 8.53 acres 82%; 7 acres 90% gravel, 10% mud 4 sq mi 2 cfs 41.3 cfs 13.3 C 12.2 C Primarily aerial surveys. None observed. 1.11 Aug. 1-Sept. 1 Aug. 18
N 92.2 Hidden Lake Creek 59.548333 -158.761667 2.6 mi 2 mi 15 ft 5-25 ft 10.5 in 3-24 in 3.64 acres 87%; 3.16 acres 70% gravel, 30% rubble 6 sq mi 2 cfs 27 cfs 13.3 C 11.7 C Mainly ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Occasional pinks. 0.31 Aug. 6 in creek and ponds, Aug. 25 in lake.
N 110.1 Lynx Creek 59.495 -158.92 1.4 mi 1.4 mi 25 ft 18-30 ft 14 in 6-36 in 4.24 acres 60%; 2.55 acres 50% gravel, 50% rubble 10.1 sq mi 3.2 cfs 106.3 cfs 10.6 C 10.6 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Chums and occasional kings. 0.37 July 15-Aug. 28. Early fish are migrating to Lynx Lake. Aug. 13
N 118.6 Teal Creek 59.491667 -158.728333 1.7 mi 1.7 mi 14.3 ft 10.5-21.8 ft 14 in 4-24 in 2.93 acres 70%; 2.05 acres 80% gravel, 20% sand and mud 8.4 C Usually aerial surveys. None observed. Aug. 10-Aug. 31
N 120.8 Bear Creek 59.413333 -158.675 3 mi 3 mi 15.5 ft 13-22 ft 12 in 8-14 in 5.60 acres 50%; 2.8 acres 10% grave, 80% rubble, 10% boulders Rarely surveyed. None observed.
N 122.9 Stovall Creek 59.4 -158.633333 4.3 mi 4.3 mi 35 ft 25-45 ft 18 in 6-42 in 18.24 acres 75%; 13.68 acres 70% gravel, 10% rubble, 10% mud, 10% boulder 8.0 sq mi 2 cfs 57.3 cfs 11.9 C 11.9 C Aerial surveys in most years. None observed. 1.86 Aug. 4-Sept. 26 Aug. 20 in creek, later in lake.
N 127.3 Pike Creek 59.421667 -158.085 2.8 mi 2.8 mi 25.5 ft 18.32 ft 10 in 2-24 in 8.65 acres 83%; 7.18 acres 80% gravel, 20% sand and mud 22.3 cfs 9.3 C Usually aerial surveys. None observed. Aug. 6-Aug. 31 Approximately Aug. 10
N 132.0 Ross Creek 59.41 -158.565 0.6 mi 0.6 mi 7.1 ft 5.8-8.5 ft 7 in 3-12 in .52 acres 95%; 0.49 acres 100% gravel Rarely surveyed. None observed.
N 133.0 Moss Creek 59.413333 -158.595 >0.5 mi <0.5 mi 6.5 ft 4-7 ft 2 in 1-3 in .39 acres 90%; 0.35 acres 100% gravel 2.5 cfs 4.58 cfs 11.7 C 7.8 C Not usually surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Approximately same time as Aleknagik creeks. Approximately same time as Aleknagik creeks.
N 136.7 Allah Creek 59.441667 -158.675 1.2 mi 0.3 mi 7 ft 6-18 ft 12 in 6-24 in .28 acres 67%; 0.19 acres 90% gravel, 10% rubble 0.8 sq mi 3.2 cfs 57.2 cfs 11.1 C 6.7 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not observed. Approximately same time as Lake Aleknagik creeks.
N 141.4 Fenno Creek 59.441667 -158.785 3.2 mi 3.2 mi 25 ft 10-65 ft 14 in 8-36 in 9.7 acres 64%: 6.21 acres 90% gravel, 5% sand, 5% rubble 15.8 sq mi 2.8 cfs 104 cfs 12.2 C 8.9 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Chums. 0.33 July 28-Aug. 20 Aug. 8
T 0.0 Little Togiak River 59.563333 -159.085 0.25 mi .25 mi 175 ft 50-200 ft 16 in 6-30 in 5.3 acres 90%; 6.44 acres 50% gravel, 40% rubble, 10% boulder 33.3 sq mi 2.4 cfs 261 cfs 13.9 C 12.2 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Chums, silvers, rainbow trout, Arctic char, and pond smelt. 0.42 July 22-Sept. 7 Sept. 1
T 7.5 Little Togiak Creek 59.563333 -159.085 6 mi 6 mi 40 ft 35-65 ft 24 in 18-36 in 29.10 acres 85%; 24.74 acres 100% gravel 14.4 sq mi 3 cfs 185 cfs 11.7 C 5.6 C Both aerial and ground surveys. Arctic char. 0.11 Aug. 10-Oct. 1 Sept. 13
T 12.4 C Creek 59.058333 -159.16 .25 mi .25 mi 7 ft 4-7 ft 4 in 2-10 in .21 acres 100%; 0.21 acres 90% gravel, 10% small rock 0.5 sq mi 1.8 cfs 2.5 cfs 11.1 C 4.7 C Usually ground surveys. None observed. 0.06 Aug. 6-Aug. 26 Aug. 12
T 13.2 A Creek 59.578333 -159.133333 .33 mi .33 mi 4.5 ft 3.5-6 ft 4 in 2-10 in .18 acres 100%; 0.18 acres 100% gravel 0.3 sq mi 1.8 cfs 1.4 cfs 13.9 C 5 C Usually ground surveys. None observed. 0.01 Aug. 4-Sept. 4 Aug. 18
B 0.0 Agulupak River 59.586667 -158.533333 1.8 mi 1.8 mi 250 ft 200-350 ft 30 in 54.55 acres 80%; 43.64 acres 30% gravel, 20% boulder, 50% rubble 400 sq mi 3.5 cfs 2000 cfs Usually aerial surveys. Significant pink run in some years, rainbow trout, Arctic char. 2.25 July 14-Sept. 16 Aug. 26
B 11.4 B-9 Creek 59.651667 -158.783333 1.5 mi 1.5 mi 8 ft 5-10 ft 10 in 7-16 in 1.45 acres 10%; 0.15 acres 50% gravel, 50% rubble 1 sq mi 3.2 cfs 17.3 cfs 19.7 C 8.1 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not observed. Not observed.
B 13.2 B-12 Creek 59.678333 -158.813333 2.5 mi Probably accessible for 0.5 mile 12 ft 10-22 ft 17 in 10-26 in .73 acres 65%; 0.47 acres 90% gravel, 10% sand. 3 cfs 74.9 cfs 19.7 C 8.1 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not observed. Not observed.
B 18.6 Silver Horn Creek 59.675 -158.936667 4 mi 4 mi 35 ft 25-40 ft 24 in 18-48 in 16.97 acres 85%; 14.42 acres 50% gravel, 30% rubble, 10% rock, 10% sand 14.0 sq mi 3 cfs 142.1 cfs 10.1 C 6.4 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not well documented. Not observed.
B 32.6 Tsun Creek 59.725 -159.033333 6.5 mi >3 mi 50 ft 35-70 ft 18 in 12-96 in 18.18 acres 65%; 11.82 acres 90% gravel, 10% sand 12 sq mi 2.75 cfs 169 cfs 12.5 C 3.9 C Usually aerial surveys. Rainbow trout, grayling. <0.01 Aug. 20-Sept. 20 Sept. 1
B 35.5 B-10 Creek 59.735 -158.953333 2 mi Probably 0.5 mile or more 25 ft 20-45 ft 13 in 10-36 in 1.54 acres 20%; 0.30 acres 80% gravel, 10% rubble, 10% samd 5.7 sq mi 2.8 cfs 118.3 cfs 11.7 C 6.4 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not observed. Not observed.
B 43.5 B-6 Creek 59.7 -158.763333 3.7 mi 3.7 mi 15 ft 12-27 ft 12 in 10-30 in 6.73 acres 100%; 6.73 acres 90% gravel, 10% sand 3 sq mi 3.1 cfs 86.5 cfs 21.7 C 9.4 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Aug. 8-Aug. 20 Approximately Aug. 13
B 44.5 B-5 Creek 59.696667 -158.741667 1 mi 1 mi 8 ft 6-10 ft 10 in 7-18 in 0.97 acres 95%; .92 acres 90% gravel, 10% sand 0.75 sq mi 1 cfs 5 cfs 20 C 12.8 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 July 28-Aug. 15 Approximately Aug. 10
B 44.7 B-4 Creek 59.696667 -158.733333 0.75 mi 0.75 mi 8 ft 6-11 ft 10 in 8-14 in 0.73 acres 100%; .73 acres 70% large gravel and rubble, 30% sand 0.5 sq mi 2.2 cfs 11.3 cfs 22.8 C 11.1 C Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Approximately July 28-Aug. 15 Approximately Aug. 15
B 52.9 Hope Creek 59.655 -158.605 6.6 mi 6.6 mi 31.5 ft 21-52 ft 26 in 10-42 in 25.12 acres 65%; 16.33 acres 80% gravel, 20% sand, and mud 32.5 cfs 16.1 C 14.5 C Usually aerial surveys. None observed. Approximately Aug. 15
B 53.7 Moose Creek 59.648333 -158.588333 6 mi 6 mi 60 ft 30-80 ft 22 in 18-60 in 43.64 acres 60%; 26.18 acres 70% gravel, 10% rubble, 20% sand, mud and clay. A few boulders in section 0.5 mile upstream. 11 sq mi 2.5 cfs 336 cfs 12.2 C 11.7 C Primarily aerial surveys. Grayling, rainbow trout. 0.22 Aug. 5-Sept. 10 Aug. 15
M 0.0 Peace River 59.716667 -158.836667 1.8 mi 1.8 mi 250 ft 220-300 ft 36 in 6-120 in 54.55 acres 50%; 27.28 acres 60% gravel, 30% sand, 10% boulders 310 sq mi 1.7 cfs 1189.9 cfs 12.8 C 12.8 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. Occasional pinks, rainbow trout, Arctic char, and grayling. 0.39 July 14-Sept. 18 Aug. 28
K 0.0 Wind River 59.756667 -158.89 2 mi 2 mi 125 ft 100-200 ft 36 in 24-180 in 30.30 acres 75%; 22.72 acres 50% rubble, 30% gravel, 20% boulder 205 sq mi 3 cfs 960 cfs Mostly aerial surveys. Many chums, some kings, few silvers and pinks, Arctic char, grayling, and rainbow trout. 0.12 July 1-Sept. 15 Aug. 28
K 3.6 K-1 Creek 59.785 -159.001667 9 mi 4-5 mi 55.3 ft 60-100 ft 35 in 30-144 in 60.27 acres 70%; 42.19 acres 70% gravel, 30% sand, trace of clay and mud. 23.8 sq mi 2-4.8 cfs 310 cfs Rarely surveyed. None observed. <0.01 Not observed. Earlier than beaches, but later than most creeks.
K 24.6 K-7 Creek 59.791667 -158.546667 6.9 mi 6.9 mi 12.3 ft 8-20 ft 7 in 2-14 in 10.25 acres 50%; 5.13 acres 60% gravel, 40% rubble Rarely surveyed. None observed.
G 0.0 Grant River 59.78 -158.55 5.8 mi 4.5 mi 65 ft 45-80 ft 18 in 12-48 in 35.44 acres 95%; 33.67 acres Approximately 100% gravel. Some boulders and rubble 52.7 sq mi’ 2.6 cfs 174.2 cfs 16.7 C 12.8 C Ground surveys in earlier years, aerial surveys in later years. None observed. 1.06 July 25-Aug. 30 Aug. 15

 

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