Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine >> Research >> Focus Areas >> Outcomes >> Resource Over Utilization Due to Serious Alcohol Related Injuries
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Research Focus Areas:
Outcomes

Resource Over Utilization Due to Serious Alcohol Related Injuries

Principal Investigators

J. Jarvik, M.D., M.P.H., B.S. Roudsari, Ph.D., M.S. Vavilala, M.D., B. Bresnahan, Ph.D

Description

Alcohol is involved in 40-50% of the hospitalizations in level I and II trauma centers. This study evaluates the extra-health care utilization due to alcohol-involved injuries in pre-hospital and in-hospital setting, after adjustment for potential confounding variables. In this study, we will place special emphasis on gender and race/ethnicity as potential variables that might influence the association between blood alcohol concentration and resource utilization in trauma centers. The primary strength of the proposed study is linking pre-hospital and hospital data to a clinical trial that has detailed information about alcohol consumption pattern, beyond acute blood alcohol concentration in the emergency department for trauma patients. The proposed study will provide evidence as to the necessity of improving existing or implementing new alcohol screening programs in large urban level I and II trauma centers that are responsible for providing care to the most disadvantaged groups of the population.

Outcomes:
Research Projects

A Nursing Study of Gut Function in Menstruating Women
M. M. Heitkemper, Ph.D., M. E. Jarrett, Ph.D., P. G. Richebé, M.D., Ph.D.
Abdominal Symptom Phenotypes: Pathways to New Biomarkers
M. M. Heitkemper, Ph.D., R. Shulman, M.D., P. G. Richebé, M.D, Ph.D., et al.
Closed Claims Project
K. Domino, M.D., MPH, K. Posner, Ph.D., F.W. Cheney, M.D., L. Lee, M.D.
Computerized Glucose Control in Critically Ill Patients
M. Horibe, M.D., J.D. Lang, M.D., B. G. Nair, Ph.D.
Determination of Risk Factors for Ischemic Optic Neuropathy After Spine Surgery
Lorri A. Lee, M.D.K., Domino, MD,MPH, K. Posner, PhD, et al.
Extubation Failure in Patients with Difficult Airways Study
M. M. Treggiari, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H.
lst Tier Drugs + Theophylline In Pediatric Severe Asthma
J. Zimmerman, M.D., D. Jardine, M.D.
Pharmacokinetics of Intrathecal Drug Infusions
C.M. Bernards, MD, S. Flack, MBChB
Real-Time Electronic Alerts to Improve Antibiotic and Temperature Management in Surgical Patients
B. G. Nair, Ph.D., H. A. Schwid, M.D.
Resource Over Utilization due to Serious Alcohol Related Injuries (CR)
J. Jarvik, M.D., M.P.H., B.S. Roudsari, Ph.D., M.S. Vavilala, M.D., B. Bresnahan, Ph.D
SIDS and the Inner Ear: A Follow up study of Hearing, Vestibular Function and Respiratory Control
D. Rubens, M.D.
The Association Between Innate Immunity Genes and Outcome Following Sepsis in Children
J. H. Kim, M.D., G. P. Jarvik, M.D., D. Jardine, M.D.
The Gas Study: Comparing Neurodevelopment Outcome and Apnea in Infants
M.E, McCann, M.D., A. Lynn, M.D.
The Influence of Inhaled Nitric Oxide on Attenuating Hepatic Sinusoidal Leukocyte-Endothelial Interactions in Patients Undergoing Orthopic Liver Transplantation
J.D. Lang, Jr, M.D.
Use of Transthoracic Ultrasound to Triage Patients in Preanesthesia Clinic
E. Wako, M.D., G. Van Norman, M.D., G.A. Rooke, MD., Ph.D.