J. Jarvik, M.D., M.P.H., B.S. Roudsari, Ph.D., M.S. Vavilala, M.D., B. Bresnahan, Ph.D
Alcohol is involved in 40-50% of the hospitalizations in level I and II trauma centers. This study evaluates the extra-health care utilization due to alcohol-involved injuries in pre-hospital and in-hospital setting, after adjustment for potential confounding variables. In this study, we will place special emphasis on gender and race/ethnicity as potential variables that might influence the association between blood alcohol concentration and resource utilization in trauma centers. The primary strength of the proposed study is linking pre-hospital and hospital data to a clinical trial that has detailed information about alcohol consumption pattern, beyond acute blood alcohol concentration in the emergency department for trauma patients. The proposed study will provide evidence as to the necessity of improving existing or implementing new alcohol screening programs in large urban level I and II trauma centers that are responsible for providing care to the most disadvantaged groups of the population.