Alendronate - A medicine used to treat osteoporosis. The trade name is Fosamax.
Animations of bone remodeling - [[+]]
Athletes - and bone density [[+]]
Bisphosphonate - A kind of medicine used to treat many bone diseases. Bisphosphonates stop the action of osteoclasts.
Calcitonin - A hormone made by the thyroid gland that reduces activity of the osteoclasts, and thus can prevent calcium from being dissolved from the bones. It is used as a medicine to treat osteoporosis.Calcitriol - An activated form of vitamin D that works on the intestines to increase amount of calcium getting into the blood. It is used as a medicine in some kinds of bone disease where the blood calcium is too low. Cancellous bone - Another term for trabecular bone - [[+]]
Cells in bone - [[+]]
Cholecalciferol - The chemical name for vitamin D that is found in animals.
Cortical bone - The solid bone that is on the outside of bones. [[+]]
Exercise - Important to increase bone strength. [[+]]
Evista The brand name for raloxifene, a medicine used to treat osteoporosis.
Fractures - Broken bones. [[+]]
Fosamax - The brand name for alendronate, a medicine used to treat osteoproosis.
IGF - Abbreviation for Insulin-like growth factor.
Osteoclasts - Cells that dissolve bone. [[+]]
Osteocytes - Cells in the inside of bone. [[+]]
Osteodystrophy - A general term that means bone disease caused by disease of another organ, such as the kidney.
Osteomalacia - A bone disease seen when there is not enough calcium and vitamin D for the bones, so the bones are soft without enough mineral. In children this is called rickets.Osteopenia - Bone density that is mild to moderately low, compared to somebody aged 25. Osteoporosis - A bone disease where bone density is very low and persons get fractures (broken bones) easily. [[+]]
Osteoprotegerin - A chemical made by osteoblasts that will bind (stick to) RANK-ligand and so prevent osteoclasts from getting activated. It has potential for treating osteoporosis and other bone diseases.
Phosphate - A major mineral in bone, in combination with calcium. Persons with low phosphate in the blood can get soft bones.
PTH - Abbreviation for parathyroid hormone.
RANK - The name of a receptor on osteoclasts that responds to chemical messages from osteoblasts to make the cells large and active.RANK-ligand - A chemical made by osteoblasts that activates osteoclasts. Remodeling - [[+]] Resorption - Dissolving of bone, done by osteoclasts. Rickets - A bone disease in children where bones don't have enough mineral, usually caused by low vitamin D levels. Often children have bowed legs.
Risedronate A medicine used to treat osteoporosis and other bone diseases, the brand name is Actonil.
Smoking - Harmful effects on bone. [[+]]
Spongy bone - another term for trabecular bone. [[+]]
Structure of bone - [[+]]
Testosterone - The male hormone that is important to bone and muscle strength. [[+]]
Thyroid hormone - A hormone made by a gland in the neck that controls energy and helps to control growth. Too much thyroid can cause bone loss.Trabecular bone - The kind of bone inside bones, that is like scaffolding or a honeycomb. [[+]]