DACIA BEFORE THE ROMAN CONQUEST (106 A.D.) 1-18
The Getas, or Dacians—Their wars with the Macedonian kings—First contact with the Romans—Bcerebistes and Cotiso—Decebalus and Domitian—Trajan's two Dacian campaigns—His column at Rome—Manners and customs of the Dacians.
THE ROMANS IN ROUMANIA (A.D. 106-274) . 19-25
Extent of the new province—Amalgamation of the colonists and natives — Origin of modern Roumanians — Their language derived from Latin—Gothic invasions—Evacuation of the province by the Romans—"Aurelian's Dacia " —Influence of the Roman occupation.
THE BARBARIANS IN ROMANIA (274-about 1250)........ 26-34
The barbarian invaders :—the Goths ; the Huns ; the Gepidae ; the Lombards and Avars ; the Bulgarians in Roumania ; the Hungarians ; the Kumani—Origin of the Wallachs—Final disappearance of the barbarians.
THE TWO PRINCIPALITIES (1290-1601) . . 35-61
Foundation of Wallachia and Moldavia—Mirtschea the Old— Wallachia tributary to the Turks —Vlad the Impaler and Stephen the Great—Moldavia submits—State of society at this period—John the Terrible and Michael the Brave.
THE PHANARIOTES IN ROUMANIA . . . 62-89
Matthew Bassarab and Basil "the Wolf "—Peter the Great and the Principalities—The Phanariote governors —The Russian wars and occupation—Treaty of Kainardji —Loss of Bucovina—Treaties of Jassy and Bucharest— End of Phanariote rule.
THE UNION OF THE PRINCIPALITIES (1822-1866) 90-108
Restoration of native Hospodars—Growth of Russian influence — Russian occupation, 1828-34 —Tne national movement — Revolution of 1848 — The Crimean War— Treaty of Paris—The principalities united under Couza— His deposition—Election of Prince Charles.
ROUMANIA AN INDEPENDENT KINGDOM . .109-118
Prince Charles and " Carmen Sylva "—The constitution of 1866—New army organisation—The war of 1877—Siege of Plevna—The Grivica Redoubt—Exchange of South Bessarabia for Dobrudza—Roumania a kingdom.
FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE CONVERSION OF THE BULGARIANS (864 A.D.) . . . 119-134
The Thracians—Philip of Macedon—Mcesia, a Roman province—Becomes Dacia Aureliani—Barbarian inroads— The Slavs—The old Bulgarians—Their amalgamation with the Slavs—The Bulgarian princes, Krum and Omortag— Boris I.—Conversion of the Bulgarians to Christianity.
THE FIRST BULGARIAN EMPIRE (893-1018) . 135-158
The zenith of Bulgaria—The Czar Simeon—His vast Empire—Literature of the period—The Czar Peter—First appearance of Russians in Bulgaria—Division of the country : SisSman—The hermits and Bogomiles—Boris II. : his capture and deposition—Downfall of East Bulgaria— The Czar Samuel in West Bulgaria—Basil "the Bulgar-slayer"—Death of Samuel—End of the First Bulgarian Empire.
BULGARIA UNDER THE GREEKS (1018-1186) . 159-166
Administration of Bulgaria under the Greek Emperors— Revolts of Deljan and Bodin—Inroads of barbarians— Persecution of the Bogomiles—First mention of Albanians —Peter and John Asen—A costly slap in the face—Restoration of the Bulgarian Empire.
THE SECOND BULGARIAN EMPIRE (1186-1398) .167-193
John Asen I.—Peter—Kalojan—His "union" with Rome— His'capture of the Emperor Baldwin—The "slayer of the
Greeks"—Boril—John Asen II.—Greatness of Bulgaria— Rapid decline under his successors—The Terterij dynasty —The Sismans of Vidin—Battle of Velbuzd : the supremacy of Servia—John Alexander : his d'vided realm— First appearance of the Turks—Capture of Trnovo—The last of the Czars—Society under the Empire
BULGARIA UNDER THE TURKS (1398-1878) . 194-214
Organisation of the country—Condition of the Christians— The Vojniks—The church under Greek influence—Spiritual tyranny of the Phanariotes—Brigandage : Pasvanoglu— The Russians in Bulgaria : 1810 and 1829—Turkish reforms—The first Bulgarian school—The Church question— The Bulgarian atrocities—The war of 1877—Bulgaria free.
THE UNION UNDER PRINCE ALEXANDER (1878-1886)........215-232
The Russian interregnum—The Bulgarian Constitution— Prince Alexander—The coup d'etat of 1881—Friction with Russia—Union of the two Bulgarias—Fury of the Czar— The Servian War—The Battle of Slivnitza and its results— Kidnapping of the Prince—His return and abdication.
PRINCE FERDINAND (1887-1896) . . . 233-248
Kaulbars at Sofia—The Czar's election-agent—Wanted : a Prince—Election of Prince Ferdinand—-The Stambuloff Ministry—The " Bulgarian Bismarck "—Foreign policy— The Bulgarian Bishops—The Bourgas and Panitza Plots— Murder of Beltjheff and Vulkovic "—State" of the country— Stambuloff's fall and assassination—Conclusion.
ORIGIN AND EARLY HISTORY OF THE SERBS (TO A.D. 1336) ...... 249-271
Origin of the Serbs—Their first appearance in the Balkans —Their government : fcupans and Grand Zupans—Their conversion to Christianity—Conflicts with the Bulgarians— Nadir of Servia in 924—Voislav the Liberator—Stephen Nemanja and his descendants—Saint Sava—Overthrow of Bulgaria by Stephen Uros.
THE ZENITH OF SERVIA UNDER STEPHEN DUSAN (1336-1356).......272-282
Character and conquests of DuSan—Extent and organisation of his Empire—Proclaims himself Emperor—A Serb Patriarch—War with Hungary—Annexation of Bosnia—Stephen's code—His march on Constantinople and death.
THE DECLINE AND FALL OF SERVIA (1356-1459) 283-298
Loss of Bosnia and Albania—Victories of the Turks— Lazar's campaigns—Battle of Kossovo, 1389—Servia tributary to the Turks under " despots" of her own— Stephen Laxarevic and George Brankovid—Temporary triumph of Servia—Her fall.
SERVIA UNDER THE TURKS (1459-1804) . . 299-308
Condition of the Serbs under Turkish rule: civil and religious government of the country—Hungarian Serbs under " despots " of their own—Attempts to free Servia— The " Black Legion "—Migration of the Patriarch Arsenius —The Serbs in Russia—The war of 1788—The Treaty of Sistova—Revival of national feeling.
THE STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE (1804-1860)309-331
Cruelty of the Janissaries : the massacre of 1804—Kara George : the war of 1806-7—Servia practically free— Flight of Black George—The return of the Turks—Milosh Obrenovic—Black George's murder—Servia recognised as a Principality in 1830—The Constitutions of 1835 and 1838—Fall of Milosh—Reigns of his sons Milan and Michael—Alexander Karageorgevic—Restoration and death of Milosh.
THE FINAL EMANCIPATION OF SERVIA (1860-1878) 332-346
Restoration of Michael—His domestic reforms—Evacuation of Belgrade by the Turkish garrison—Murder of Michael—The Regency : Constitution of 1869—Milan— War with Turkey in 1876-8—Servia as affected by the treaties of San Stefano and Berlin—Milan proclaimed King.
THE MODERN KINGDOM OF SERVIA (1882-1896) 347-351
The war with Bulgaria—The Royal divorce—The Constitution of 1888—Abdication of Milan—The Regency— The coups d'etat of 1893-4—King Alexander I.
FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO THE BATTLE OF Kossovo (1389)...... . 353-363
Montenegro : origin of the name—Its early history—The Romans in Illyria—Dioclea—The Serb kings—Montenegro a part of Serb Empire—The battle of Kossovo.
FROM THE BATTLE OF Kossovo TO THE LAST OF THE BLACK PRINCES (1389-1516) . 364-382
The Balshas—Montenegro the refuge of the Serbs—The first Turkish invasion—Stephen Crnoievic—Skanderbeg— Ivan the Black—The first Slavonic printing-press—Cetinje the capital—The story of Stanicha—The influence of Venice—Abdication of the last of the Black Princes.
THE ELECTIVE VLADIKAS (1516-1696) . 383-391
Montenegro ruled by elective Bishops—The civil governors —Troubles with Turks and renegades—Destruction of the Press—The tribute for slippers—State of the country in seventeenth century—A new crusade—Story of Jahja— Cetinje twice captured.
THE FIRST THREE HEREDITARY PRINCE-BISHOPS (1696-1782) ...... 392-407
The hereditary Vladikas—Danilo I.—The " Montenegrin Vespers "—Expulsion of the renegades—The first connection with Russia—Peter the Great and Montenegro— Turkish invasions—The battle of Tsarevlaz—Sava and Vassili—The Russian indemnity—The story of Stephen the Little—The Perkin Warbeck of the Black Mountain.
PETER I.—THE BONAPARTE OF THE BLACK MOUNTAIN (1782-1830) .... 408-423
Defeat and death of Kara Mahmoud—Formal incorporation of the Berda—Effects cf the Treaty of Campo Formio—War with France—Siege of Ragusa—Napoleon's overtures— The "red" mountain—England and Montenegro—Capture of Cattaro; its surrender to Austria—The long peace— Internal reforms—Death and canonisation of the Vladika.
PETER II. AND DANILO II. (1830-1860) . .424-449
The last of the Vladikas—Turkish offer refused—Struggles with the Turks and Austrians—Treachery of Radonic— Abolition of civil governor—A Montenegrin Senate—Peter restores the Press—His poems—The " Billiard-Table "— Danilo II.—Separation of ecclesiastical and temporal power —The " Code Danilo "—The battle of Grahovo—-The " Sword of Montenegro "—Assassination of Danilo.
MONTENEGRO UNDER NICHOLAS I. (1860-1896) 450-468
Character of the new prince—His education—The Turkish War of 1862—Ostrog—Death of Mirko—Military reform— " Constitution " of 1868—The first Montenegrin ministry— The new schools—The Cattaro rising—The Turkish war of 1876—Montenegro after the Berlin Treaty—The Dulcigno demonstration—Albanian feuds—The Prince as road-maker—The New Code—The 4OOth anniversary of the Press—The Bicentenary of the Dynasty.
NICHOLAS I., PRINCE OF MONTENEGRO. … Frontispiece
DECEBALUS. From a bust at St. Petersburg … 7
BATTLE OF THE ROMANS AND DACIANS. From Trajan's Column at Rome … 13
DACIANS SETTING FIRE TO THEIR CAPITAL. From Trajan's Column at Rome … 14
THE ROUMANIAN ARMS. … 18
MIRTSCHEA THE GREAT. From the series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 37
STEPHEN THE GREAT OF MOLDAVIA. From the series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 41
MiCHAEL THE BRAVE. From the series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 50
MOLDAVIAN COINS. From the series of historical  MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 59
BASIL "THE WOLF." From the series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 64
MATTHEW BASSARAB. From the  series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 65
OLD ROUMANIAN SEAL. From the series of historical MSS. published by the Roumanian Government … 88
ROMAN SCULPTURE AT NICOPOLIS. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 121
BULGARIAN ATTACK ON CONSTANTINOPLE IN 813. From Kanitz, " Donaii-Bulgarien " … 129
THE FIRST BULGARIAN EMPIRE. … 138
RUINS OF PRESLAV. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 140
THE DIKILITA AT JALAR. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 153
OLD RELIEF AT VARNA. From Kanitz, "Donau-Bulgarien" … 165
COINS OF ASEN. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 171
THE BULGARIAN ARMS. … 176
STATUE OF PAN AT VARNA. From Kanitz, "Donau-Bulgarien" … 191
OLD BULGARIAN BRIDGE. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 207
ROMAN RELIEF AT MADARA. From Kanitz, " Donau-Bulgarien" … 228
THE SERVIAN ARMS. … 253
CORONATION CHURCH OF THE OLD SERVIAN CZARS. From Kanitz, "Serbien" … 265
SERVIA UNDER DUSAN, C. 1350. … 274
FORTRESS OF UŽICA. From Kanitz, " Serbian" … 279
MILOSH OBRENOVIC. From Citnibert, " Essai sur la Serbie" … 317
THE OLDEST CHURCH IN SERVIA. From Kanitz, " Serbien " … 329
SARCOPHAGUS AT DRMNO. From Kanitz, " Serbien " … 344
ROSE WINDOW AT KRUSEVAC. From Kanitz, " Serbien" … 350
RUINS OF DIOCLEA. From a photo, by Mr. C. A. Miller … 357
MONTENEGRIN MILITARY INSIGNIA. … 376
MONTENEGRIN MILITARY INSIGNIA. … 377
MONTENEGRIN MILITARY INSIGNIA. … 379
A TYPICAL BIT OF MONTENEGRIN SCENERY. From a photo, by Mr. C. A. Miller … 388
THE "TURKS' TOWER," CETINJE, IN 1848. From Sir Gardner Wilkinson, " Dalmatia and Montenegro" ..... . . .411
THE VLADIKA, PETER II., IN CIVIL DRESS. From Sir Gardner Wilkinson, " Dalmatia and Montenegro " … 434
THE VLADIKA, PETER II., IN HIS PRIESTLY ROBES. From Sir Gardner Wilkinson, " Dalmatia and Montenegro" … 435
MAP OF MONTENEGRO. … 463
MAP OF THE BALKAN PENINSULA, PRESENT DAY … Opposite page i [MISSING]