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APPENDIX I.

Table of Movements and Settlements of various Nationalities and Tribes in the Provinces bordering on the Lower Danube between the Getic period and about the end of the Thirteenth Century, A.D., compiled by the Author,and corrected from the Ancient historians (Taeitus, Dion Cassius, Eutropiue) and the works of Gibbon, Smith, Lesage, Engel, Lauriani, Neigebaur, Henke, Wilkinson, Merivale, Freeman, Dierauer, Roesler, Pie, and others.

APPROXIMATE DATES OF

NATIONALITY or First appearance in Term of Domination By whowm and when Final Disappearance Remarks
TRIBE, with supposed Danubian Provinces Conquered
Subdivisions
GETAE-Getae and Dacians 335 B.C. ? ? ? Believed to be of Thracian origin; not clearly traceable.
DACIANS ... ... ... (Successors of or ? B,C. to A.D. 106 Romans (Trajan), See Remarks The Dacians rose against the Romans under Ant. Pius and at other
cotemporary with the Getae) A.D. 106 times, but were probably fused with the Romans and the barbarians
who followed them.
ROMANS ... ... ... 1st century B.C. 106 A.D. to 274 A.D. Withdrew before the ? A considerable proportion of the Roman and Daco-Roman descendants
Goths about 274 A.D. fused with succeeding tribes, and their descendants survive in
Roumania to-day.
GOTHS-Ostrogoths, Visigoths, 250 A.D. 274 A.D. to 375 A.D. Huns, 375 A.D. 578 A.D. About 376 A.D. they crossed the Danube, driven before the Huns, and
Gepidae were allowed to settle with other tribes in Mcesia. Sometimes
the Goths and Huns were allied.
Sarmatians, Quadi, Marcomanni ... ... ... 282 A.D. to 375 A.D. Romans, 375 A.D. ... ... The Sarmatians fought against the Romans at various periods, but
invaded Dacia at were conquered by Valentinian, 375 A.D.
various times ; Sarmatians
settled
Huns (and Alani)... 370 to 375 A.D. 375 A.D. to about Gepidae, 453 A.D. 460 A.D. The Huns were driven eastward, but returned a few years afterwards,
453 overran Italy, and are mentioned as being in Dacia about
564 A.D.
GEPIDAE ... ... ... See above (Goths) 453 to 550-564 A.D. Lombards and Avari, 568 A.D.
550 A.D.
LOMBARDS... ... ... 550 A.D. 564 to ? Joined the Byzantines ... ... The Lombards, allied to the Avari, overran a great part of Dacia and
Pannonia, and, entering the army of Justinian, left their possessions
to the Avari.
AVARI ... ... ... 550 A.D. 564 to 610-640 Dispersed. Part annihilated End seventh century The Avari were alternately masters and vassals of other tribes
(intermittently) by Heraclius
(610-640)
BULGARI ... ... ... 493 A.D. to 499 A.D. 634 (with Slaves) Byzantines (Basilins) See Remarks The Bulgari were of Scythian origin, and many tribes have been
679 (alone) to 1014- 1014-1019 included in them by different authors. Amongst then, the
1019 Wallachs, Croats, Moravians (Lesage).
SLAVEs ... ... ... 493 to 527 See Remarks See Remarks ... ... The Slaves settled in detachments in various parts, from the Euxine
to the Adriatic Sea, and, allied with one or more tribes, fought the
Bzantines. Many merged into the general population.
BYZANTINE EMPIRE... ... ... 1014 to ? ... ... ... ... For some time Dacha was nominally incorporated with the Empire.
UNGRI - Hungarians or 824 to 839 A.D. Powerful in Dacia Stephen (about 997) ... ... Transylvania was annexed to Hungary either 1002 or 1070 A.D.
Magyars Trajana tenth founded Hungarian
century Kingdom
PATZINAKITAI (probably a End of ninth century Powerful tenth century Came under Kumani Disappeared in Hungary The Patzinakitai, settled chiefly in the Carpathians, are associated
mixed race) &c. about 1275 with Wallachs and Kumani as vassals.
KUMIANI(and Chazars) 1047 A.D. (with Chazars) Powerful 1083 to Settled and baptized The Kumani dominated over and absorbed other tribes on the
1220 1220 A.D. Carpathians.
WALLACHO-BULGARIAN
Empire-
(Wallachs, called also Wallachs, 976-1027 1199 to 1246-1285 Tartars, about 1246- ... ... The Wallachs were a race of shepherds ; considered by some an inde-
Romani, Blachi, &c.) 1285 pendent tribe (see above remarks on Bulgari), by others descendants
of the Daco-Roman colonists.
TECTONIC KNIGHTS and ... ... Teut. Knts. 1200 to ... ... ... ... The King of Hungary, as suzerain of Transvlvania and part of
KNIGHTS OF ST. JOHN 1223 ; Kilts. St. Wallachia, gave the government of certain districts to the Teutonic
John 1249 to ? Knights in 1200, but withdrew it in 1223 A.D.
TARTANs (or Mongols) ... About 1240 Made inroads into Retired northwards to ... ... At the same time there were smaller voivodeships, banates, and
'Moldavia' and Russia. Founded the khanates north of the Danube.
Wallachia 13th Tartar Dynasty
century. Ruled in
Moldavia 13th
and first half of
14th century.



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