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Widening the Circle: Another Look at Women Graduate Students

Today, graduate women are still lagging behind their male counterparts. In this paper we will try to explain, both historically and empirically, the situation of women doctoral students and what problems keep them from parity with male students. We will present practical suggestions for graduate deans on how to improve the present situation and how to truly welcome women into …

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Postdoctoral Patterns, Career Advancement, and Problems

Postdoctoral appointments can have different functions and meanings, depending on the field and whether the postdoc is a man or a woman. This papers summarizes the findings from the Ph.D.s—Ten Years Later survey for biochemists and mathematicians. Nerad, M. & Cerny, J. (1999). Postdoctoral Patterns, Career Advancement, and Problems, Science, Vol. 285, pp. 1533-1535  Download: Postdoctoral Patterns

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From Rumors to Facts: Career Outcomes of English PhDs

The cohorts of English doctorates sampled for this study have been called “the lost generation of humanists.” But were they really lost? This article traces the often difficult transition from receiving the PhD to stable employment, examines the level of satisfaction or dissatisfaction English PhDs have with their current employment, and discusses the value they place on their doctoral education. …

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The Broadening Scope of Graduate Education

This paper examines the relationship between family status and career patterns among women with PhDs in English and biochemistry, who were employed in academia ten to 13 years after completing their doctorates. Nerad, M.,  Armstrong, E., & Gupta, D.  (1998). Graduate Women’s Expectations in Doctoral Programs and Beyond: Marriage, Family, and Career. Proceedings of the 54th Annual Meeting MAGS,  pp 109-125. Chicago …

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The Institution Cares: Berkeley’s Efforts to Support Dissertation Writing in the Humanities and Social Sciences

In the humanities and social sciences, the time to finish a doctoral degree, and especially the dissertation-writing stage of the doctoral degree, can be significantly influenced if students work in a collaborative environment; are not left alone in their struggle to progress with their disserations; interact with their advisors frequently; are given information about academic publishing; and have a financial …

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Graduate Education in the United States

In 1997, Congress and professional associations called for a reduction in PhD production, claiming that American universities unnecessarily overproduce doctorates. However in 1989 the Bowen and Sosa study (Prospects for Faculty in the Arts and Sciences) projected a substantial excess demand for faculty in the arts and sciences beginning in 1997 and continuing through 2002. Why these contradictory messages? In …

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The Cyclical Problems of Graduate Education and Institutional Responses in the 1990s

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When in January, 1900, five university presidents–Charles William Eliot of Harvard, William Rainey Harper of Chicago, Benjamin Ide Wheeler of California,  Seth Low of Columbia, and Daniel Coit Gilman of Johns Hopkins–invited nine other United States university presidents to meet in the  following  month in  Chicago  for the purpose of forming a permanent organization devoted to  “matters of  common  interest  …

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Increasing Student Retention in Graduate and Professional Programs

Using the assessment model from the University of California Berkeley, describes how research can inform policies and strategies for increasing graduate student retention by focusing on the interplay of institutional, disciplinary and student characteristics. Nerad, M.  &  Sands Miller, D. (1996). Increasing Student Retention in Graduate and Professional Programs.  In  Haworth, J. G. Assessment in Graduate and Professional Programs: Demand, …

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Beyond Traditional Modes of Mentoring

This chapter describes the four major strategies developed at the University of California Berkeley to assist faculty in advising graduate students. Examples of the strategies in action are included from the In Balance Program. Nerad, M. (1995). Beyond Traditional Modes of Mentoring. In Nancy A Gaffney, Ed, A Conversation About Mentoring: Trends and Models,  Washington, D.C.: Council of Graduate Schools, pp. …

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Japanese Doctoral Education

This paper gives an overview of changes in Japan’s doctoral education programs, a more detailed look at changes in Germany’s doctoral programs and compares the new German program’s strengths and weaknesses to American doctoral education.  An earlier version of this paper was presented at an invitational seminar of the National Research Council, Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel in June 1994. Download: …

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