Increase in PhD Production and Reform in Doctoral Education Worldwide
The expansion in doctoral studies has gone hand in hand with an increased flow of international doctoral students, the wish of universities to become “world-class”, and the adoption of more standardised structures and practices for doctoral education. This paper presents the nature of reforms in postgraduate and doctoral education in a wide range of countries (including China, Europe, Australia, Japan, Ireland, Iceland, Brazil, India, Malaysia). It also includes a number of reform strategies which may be useful for countries with emerging doctoral systems, such as the introduction of North-American type graduate schools that help to implement and initiate innovations in doctoral education on a campus
Nerad, M. (2010). Increase in PhD Production and Reform in Doctoral Education Worldwide. Higher Education Forum. Research Institute for Higher Education, Hiroshima University. Vol 7. pp. 69-84.