CTP Working Papers

The Center's Working Paper series allows Center researchers to release interim results of their ongoing investigations when these are sufficiently well developed to be informative to the field. Also, it gives education and policy audiences the opportunity to make use of these "works in progress" in a timely manner. Prior to publication, CTP Working Papers go through one round of external review. We warmly encourage feedback on these documents to help us refine them further in preparation for final research reports, which require a further round of reviews.

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  1. Preparation and Support for Teaching: Teachers' Response to State Education Reform
    A Working Paper prepared for the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP) by Ana M. Elfers, Michael S. Knapp, Amrita Zahir, and Margaret L. Plecki, March 2005.
  2. Preparation and Support for Teaching: Support for Teachers' Professional Learning
    A Working Paper commissioned by the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP) by Ana M. Elfers, Beth Boatright, and Michael S. Knapp, with Margaret L. Plecki and Hilary Loeb, June 2004.
  3. Preparation and Support for Teaching: Working Conditions of Teachers
    A Working Paper commissioned by the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP) by Hilary Loeb, Ana M. Elfers, Michael S. Knapp, and Margaret L. Plecki, with Beth Boatright, May 2004.
  4. Development and Deployment of a "Fast Response" Survey System in Washington State: Methodological Notes
    A Working Paper commissioned by the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP) by Ana M. Elfers, Michael S. Knapp, and Margaret L. Plecki, with Beth Boatright and Hilary Loeb, April 2004.
  5. Preparation and Support for Teaching: Teachers' Assignment and Certification
    A Working Paper commissioned by the Center for Strengthening the Teaching Profession (CSTP) by Ana M. Elfers, Michael S. Knapp, and Margaret L. Plecki, with Beth Boatright, and Hilary Loeb, April 2004.
  6. Using Student Work to Support Professional Development in Elementary Mathematics
    A Working Paper by Elham Kazemi and Megan Loef Franke, April 2003.
    Description:

    This CTP Working Paper charts the evolving conversations and pedagogical learning of one teacher workgroup as it met over the course of a year to discuss student work in elementary mathematics. Chronicled are details of the teachers' efforts to make sense of their students' reasoning in solving base ten system problems. The paper is organized into six sections that reflect the trajectory of the workgroup. The authors reflect upon that trajectory of teachers' talk to make several conjectures about the use of student work and the potential opportunities for learning that examining student work opens up for teachers. One such conjecture is that examining it is a promising way of beginning to work with a diverse group of teachers.

    PDFAbstract
  7. Revisiting What States Are Doing to Improve the Quality of Teaching: An Update on Patterns and Trends
    A Working Paper by Eric Hirsch, Julia E. Koppich, and Michael S. Knapp, February 2001.
    Description:

    This updated version of an earlier CTP Working Paper takes a fresh look at recent developments in the realms of state policy related to teacher and teaching quality. The broad-brush, descriptive analysis covers state-level policy action pertaining to (1) development and promotion of high standards for student learning and for teaching; (2) attempts to attract, reward, and retain capable people in the teaching profession; (3) support for high-quality initial preparation and induction of new teachers; (4) attempts to motivate and support teachers' ongoing professional learning; and (5) enhancements to the school workplace environment.

    PDFAbstractOriginal Study
  8. Resources, Instruction, and Research
    A Working Paper by David K. Cohen, Stephen W. Raudenbush, and Deborah Loewenberg Ball, December 2000.
    Description:

    This Working Paper looks at resource use in schools and discusses research designs that would be appropriate to identify resource effects. Whereas education policymakers have long believed that conventional resoures, i.e. books, bricks, class size, and teacher qualifications directly affect student learning and achievement, the authors here argue it's all about how those resources get used in instruction. How resource use is influenced by the management of certain key problems of instruction, including coordination, incentives to use the resources, and management of instructional environments, is also discussed.

    PDFAbstractOriginal Study
  9. Connecting Districts to the Policy Dialogue: A Review of Literature on the Relationship of Districts with States, Schools, and Communities
    A Working Paper by Julie A. Marsh, September 2000.
    Description:

    This Working Paper reviews literature about the key roles that districts play in supporting improvements in teaching and learning, including the district role in implementing state policies and enacting school-level change and what the key factors are that enable districts to effectively support improvements. It also considers how community involvement and collaboration contribute to districts' improvement efforts. The paper suggests directions for future research to advance the state of knowledge on school districts.

    PDFAbstractOriginal Study
  10. New Tools for Research on Instruction and Instructional Policy: A Web-based Teacher Log
    A Working Paper by Deborah Loewenberg Ball, Eric Camburn, Richard Correnti, Geoffrey Phelps, and Raven Wallace, December 1999.
    Description:

    This Working Paper reports on the initial development and pilot-testing of a web-based instrument designed to collect daily data on instruction, which then could be aggregated to create portraits of content emphasis and pedagogy. The instrument was developed for use in the Study of Instructional Improvement and although it is not currently being used, the authors think there are elements of its design that may be of use to those interested in instructional tracking tools.

    PDFAbstractOriginal Study
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