B.A., Seattle University, 1971
M.A., Purdue University, 1973
Ph.D., Stanford University, 1978
My primary research interests are in language policy and applied linguistics (especially language education) in multilingual contexts. Four central themes of my research are: (1) the links between language policy and other areas of social policy; (2) the impact of language policies in education; (3) the central role of language in education; and (4) English as an international language. My current projects include an edited book on medium of instruction policies, a chapter on critical approaches to language policy studies, an article on language and the politics of ethnicity, and an article critiquing the concept of "target language" in language education.