Question | Discussion | References

Breastfeeding for HIV-infected Mothers in Resource-Limited Settings

You answered:

A The mother should wean the infant rapidly, using porridge for infant food and adding milk when it is available.

This answer is incorrect. Breastfeeding is associated with greatly improved health and reduced infant mortality. Porridge, cow's milk, and other weaning foods are not recommended until at least 6 months of exclusive breastfeeding are concluded.

Choose another answer:

B The mother should continue to give her infant daily nevirapine prophylaxis while exclusively breastfeeding for 6 months and during continued breastfeeding for 12 months.
C The mother should stop breastfeeding since this infant's risk of acquiring HIV infection from breast milk outweighs the risk of dying from diarrheal illness or pneumonia in the first year of life.
D The mother should discontinue antiretroviral therapy prophylaxis since the infant's risk of acquiring HIV infection from breast milk is highest in the first 6 weeks postpartum and drops sharply thereafter.

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