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Initial Management of Newly Diagnosed HIV Infection and Active Tuberculosis: anti-Tuberculosis Therapy

You answered:

B Anti-tuberculosis therapy should be started immediately, consisting of a four-drug regimen of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol.

This answer is correct. For patients simultaneously diagnosed with HIV and active TB, the first priority is initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy. Unless there is reason to suspect drug resistance, initial therapy should consist of a four-drug regimen consisting of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol.


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