Question | Discussion | References

Initial Management of Newly Diagnosed HIV Infection and Active Tuberculosis: anti-Tuberculosis Therapy

You answered:

C The duration of therapy for this HIV-infected patient with pulmonary TB should be 18 months.

This answer is incorrect. For patients diagnosed with pulmonary TB who also have HIV infection, the standard duration of therapy for drug-susceptible TB is 6 months.

Choose another answer:

A Given the high prevalence of drug resistance among patients co-infected with TB and HIV, anti-TB therapy should not be started until drug susceptibilities are known for her strain of TB.
B Anti-tuberculosis therapy should be started immediately, consisting of a four-drug regimen of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol.
D Rapid HIV serology test result should be confirmed prior to initiation of anti-TB therapy, since she will need different medications to treat her pulmonary TB therapy if she is co-infected with HIV.

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