Pneumococcal disease is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, a bacterium. There are more than 90 subtypes. Most subtypes can cause disease, but only a few produce the majority of invasive pneumococcal infections. The 10 most common subtypes cause 62% of invasive disease worldwide.
Pertussis is caused by a bacterium, Bordetella pertussis.
Pertussis is spread through the air by infectious droplets and is highly contagious.
The incubation period of pertussis is commonly seven to 10 days, with a range of 5-21 days.
Pertussis disease can be divided into three stages:
Meningococcal disease is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis. This bacterium has at least 13 different subtypes. Five of these subtypes, A, B, C, Y, and W-135, cause almost all invasive disease. The relative importance of these five subgroups depends on geographic location and other factors.
Measles is caused by a virus.
Measles is spread through the air by infectious droplets and is highly contagious.
It takes an average of 10-12 days from exposure to the first symptom, which is usually fever. The measles rash doesn't usually appear until approximately 14 days after exposure, 2-3 days after the fever begins.
The Family Health Consulting Nurse can help if you are concerned that you or a family member has a health need that requires prompt attention. For example:
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are health care therapies that are not used by all health care providers. These remedies are often excluded from standard practice due to lack of evidence.
There are several broad categories that CAM fall into. Some can be in more than one of these categories.
Despite its colorful name, chlamydia is not a flower! It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection on university campuses. Approximately 2.8 million new cases are reported in the United States each year.