Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is a serious infection of the fallopian tubes and uterus. This infection, which may result in blockage or scarring of the tubes, is the most common preventable cause of infertility in women. It is estimated that over one million women in the U.S.
A condom (rubber, prophylactic) is a sheath worn over the penis. Condoms originally were designed to block the escape of sperm, but now have been shown to be effective in blocking entry and exit of bacteria and some viruses. Most condoms are made of latex but some, called "skin condoms," are made of sheep intestine. Only the latex condom should be used for disease protection because the AIDS virus, and possibly other disease agents, are able to penetrate the larger pores in the skin condom.
Vaginal spermicides are products such as foam, jelly, cream, suppositories or film that are inserted deep into the vagina on or near the cervix shortly before sexual intercourse. Most of these products contain nonoxynol-9, a chemical that kills sperm on contact. To be effective, a spermicide must be used every time intercourse occurs.
We recommend that vaginal spermicides always be used with condoms.
Genital herpes is caused by the herpes simplex virus (abbreviated as HSV). It is very common--about 1 in 4 women and 1 in 8 men have genital herpes. There are two types of the virus:
A urinary tract (UTI) or bladder infection occurs when bacteria gain access to and multiply in the bladder. Bacteria infect the bladder by way of the urethra, a small, short tube that opens near the vagina. The placement and size of the urethra make bladder infections very common in women. Men rarely develop bladder infections because their urethras are longer.
Birth control pills (also known as combined oral contraception or "the pill") are used to prevent pregnancy. They are an effective non-surgical and reversible method of contraception. If taken consistently and correctly, birth control pills are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are health care therapies that are not used by practitioners of conventional (Western) medicine. These remedies are sometimes excluded from standard practice due to lack of evidence.
There are several broad categories that CAM fall into. Some can be in more than one of these categories.
Drinking can be a relaxing and social activity, but if you consume too much, you could be risking your life. Drinking too much too fast can affect your breathing, heat rate, gag reflex, and can cause coma and death.
Alcohol poisoning should be taken seriously.
Despite its colorful name, chlamydia is not a flower! It is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection on university campuses. Approximately 2.8 million new cases are reported in the United States each year.