Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a painful skin rash caused by the varicella zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. Shingles is an illness most commonly found in persons over age 60, but can occur at any age.
TB, or tuberculosis, is a disease caused by a bacteria named M. tuberculosis. This bacteria can infect any part of the body, but it most commonly affects the lungs. TB is spread through the air from one infected person to another.
There are two types, or stages, of TB. The first is latent, or inactive, TB. In latent TB, there are live TB bacteria inside a person, but that person is not sick. Someone with latent TB feels fine: no cough, no fever. Someone with latent TB cannot spread this infection.
NOTE: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides thorough, up-to-date information on vaccines. The Immunization Action Coalition is also a reliable resource.
|Immunization||No. of injections||Protection period||Exposure||More information|
Hemophilus influenza type B (HIB)
|2 injections||20+ years||Contaminated food and water||CDC information|
|3 injections||Lifelong||Blood and bodily fluids||What You Need to Know About Hepatitis B (Hall Health Center)|
Hepatitis A/B combination
|3 injections||20+ years to lifelong||Blood and bodily fluids|
|Human Papillomavirus (HPV)||3 injections||Lifelong||Skin to skin||
HPV Vaccine FAQs (Hall Health Center)
All About HPV (Hall Health Center)
|Influenza||1 injection or nasal spray||1 year||Respiratory virus||CDC information|
|Japanese encephalitis||2 injections||1-2 years||Mosquito||CDC information|
|Meningococcal||1 injections||3-5 years||Respiratory||CDC information|
|Measles, Mumps, and Rubella (MMR) combination||2 injections||Lifelong||Respiratory|
|Polio (IPV)||Childhood series + 1 injection as an adult||Lifelong||Contaminated food and water||CDC information|
|Pneumococcal||1 injection or childhood series||10+ years||Respiratory||CDC information|
|Rabies||3 injections||Partial protection||Mammal exposure: bite, scratch||CDC information|
|Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Pertussus combination||
TD or TDaP
|Approximately 10 years||Infected wound, respiratory||CDC information|
|Typhoid||1 injection OR oral pills||
2 years for injection;
|Contaminated food and water||CDC information|
|Varicella (chicken pox)||2 injections||Lifelong||Respiratory||CDC information|
|Yellow Fever||1 injection||10 years||Mosquito||CDC information|
|Herpes Zoster (shingles)||1 injections||Lifelong||Previous chicken pox||CDC information|