Understanding the information on a nutrition label can often be a confusing task. This is unfortunate as the provided information can aid you in choosing the right foods needed to live a healthy life.
Nutritional labels are composed of five sections:
When a baby's on the way, moms-to-be are often overwhelmed by advice and warnings from family, friends and even strangers. But perhaps the most important advice is to stay as healthy as possible before and during your pregnancy.
Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is a serious infection of the fallopian tubes and uterus. This infection, which may result in blockage or scarring of the tubes, is the most common preventable cause of infertility in women. It is estimated that over one million women in the U.S.
Bacterial vaginosis or BV (formerly known as non-specific vaginitis, Gardnerella vaginitis, or Haemophilus vaginitis) is a common vaginal condition. It is thought to be caused by an overgrowth of Gardnerella vaginalis and certain other bacteria often found in the vaginal fluid.
Yeast vaginitis is an "infection" caused by a fungus called Candida that is a normal inhabitant of the rectum and the vagina. It is one of the most common vaginal infections.
Symptoms develop when large numbers of these Candida organisms are present in the vagina. This "overgrowth" can occur spontaneously either without identifiable cause or in association with the use of birth control pills, pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, or antibiotic therapy.
A condom (rubber, prophylactic) is a sheath worn over the penis. Condoms originally were designed to block the escape of sperm, but now have been shown to be effective in blocking entry and exit of bacteria and some viruses. Most condoms are made of latex but some, called "skin condoms," are made of sheep intestine. Only the latex condom should be used for disease protection because the AIDS virus, and possibly other disease agents, are able to penetrate the larger pores in the skin condom.
Vaginal spermicides are products such as foam, jelly, cream, suppositories or film that are inserted deep into the vagina on or near the cervix shortly before sexual intercourse. Most of these products contain nonoxynol-9, a chemical that kills sperm on contact. To be effective, a spermicide must be used every time intercourse occurs.
We recommend that vaginal spermicides always be used with condoms.
Emergency contraception (also known as EC or the morning after pill) works to prevent pregnancy in the case of unprotected intercourse. For maximum effectiveness, EC should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. However, EC may be taken within 72 hours (3 days) of unprotected intercourse.