A urinary tract (UTI) or bladder infection occurs when bacteria gain access to and multiply in the bladder. Bacteria infect the bladder by way of the urethra, a small, short tube that opens near the vagina. The placement and size of the urethra make bladder infections very common in women. Men rarely develop bladder infections because their urethras are longer.
Yeast vaginitis is an infection caused by a fungus called Candida. It is one of the most common vaginal infections.
A colposcope is a magnifying instrument used to look closely at the surface of the cervix. A colposcopy is an easy office procedure, which is performed very much like routine gynecological exam.
The diaphragm is a round silicone cup that holds spermicidal jelly or cream against the cervix. Although it may prevent some sperm from entering the cervix, it does not and cannot fit snugly enough to protect against pregnancy by itself. Therefore, spermicide is essential for the diaphragm to work.
An IUD (an acronym which stands for intrauterine device) is a small plastic device that is inserted into a woman's uterus by a clinician. It provides highly effective, safe, and convenient birth control.
Nexplanon (which has replaced Implanon, an older version of the device) is a small, thin, implantable type of birth control that releases hormones. It is a flexible plastic rod the size of a matchstick that is put under the skin of your arm and is effective for up to three years.
Depo Provera, also known as "the birth control shot" or just "Depo," is a synthetic hormone that is injected into the hip muscle every 12 weeks. Depo Provera prevents ovulation. It also alters the lining of the uterus making it much less likely for pregnancy to occur.
When used correctly, Depo Provera is 99.7% effective in preventing pregnancy over 12 weeks.
NuvaRing is a flexible, colorless, odorless ring that contains the same hormones used in birth control pills. The hormones are absorbed through the vagina into the blood stream to prevent pregnancy. The ring is inserted into the vagina and left in place for 21 days. It is then removed for seven days to allow for a period.
The mini-pill is a type of birth control pill that contains about half the amount of the hormone progestin found in most combined oral contraceptives. There is no estrogen in mini-pills.
Birth control pills (also known as combined oral contraception or "the pill") are used to prevent pregnancy. They are an effective non-surgical and reversible method of contraception. If taken consistently and correctly, birth control pills are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.