Yeast vaginitis is an "infection" caused by a fungus called Candida that is a normal inhabitant of the rectum and the vagina. It is one of the most common vaginal infections.
Symptoms develop when large numbers of these Candida organisms are present in the vagina. This "overgrowth" can occur spontaneously either without identifiable cause or in association with the use of birth control pills, pregnancy, uncontrolled diabetes, or antibiotic therapy.
A UTI or bladder infection results when bacteria gain access and multiply in the normally sterile urinary bladder. Bacteria infect the bladder by way of the urethra, a small tube connecting the bladder to the outside. The urethra is very short and opens near the vagina. These two factors make bladder infections very common in women. Men rarely develop bladder infections because their urethras are longer.
A colposcope is a magnifying instrument used to look closely at the surface of the cervix. A colposcopy is an easy office procedure, which is performed very much like routine gynecological exam.