Yeast vaginitis is an infection caused by a fungus called Candida. It is one of the most common vaginal infections.
A colposcope is a magnifying instrument used to look closely at the surface of the cervix. A colposcopy is an easy office procedure, which is performed very much like routine gynecological exam.
The diaphragm is a round silicone cup that holds spermicidal jelly or cream against the cervix. Although it may prevent some sperm from entering the cervix, it does not and cannot fit snugly enough to protect against pregnancy by itself. Therefore, spermicide is essential for the diaphragm to work.
An IUD (an acronym which stands for intrauterine device) is a small plastic device that is inserted into a woman's uterus by a clinician. It provides highly effective, safe, and convenient birth control.
Nexplanon (which has replaced Implanon, an older version of the device) is a small, thin, implantable type of birth control that releases hormones. It is a flexible plastic rod the size of a matchstick that is put under the skin of your arm and is effective for up to three years.
Depo Provera, also known as "the birth control shot" or just "Depo," is a synthetic hormone that is injected into the hip muscle every 12 weeks. Depo Provera prevents ovulation. It also alters the lining of the uterus making it much less likely for pregnancy to occur.
When used correctly, Depo Provera is 99.7% effective in preventing pregnancy over 12 weeks.
NuvaRing is a flexible, colorless, odorless ring that contains the same hormones used in birth control pills. The hormones are absorbed through the vagina into the blood stream to prevent pregnancy. The ring is inserted into the vagina and left in place for 21 days. It is then removed for seven days to allow for a period.
The mini-pill is a type of birth control pill that contains about half the amount of the hormone progestin found in most combined oral contraceptives. There is no estrogen in mini-pills.
Birth control pills (also known as combined oral contraception or "the pill") are used to prevent pregnancy. They are an effective non-surgical and reversible method of contraception. If taken consistently and correctly, birth control pills are more than 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) are health care therapies that are not used by practitioners of conventional (Western) medicine. These remedies are sometimes excluded from standard practice due to lack of evidence.
There are several broad categories that CAM fall into. Some can be in more than one of these categories.
Healing systems are both practice and theories to heal the body. These focus on a way of life. Some are based on traditional practices of individual cultures.
The core belief of this philosophy is that when your mind and body are in harmony, you will have better health. Some of these are accepted as standard treatments. Examples of mind and body treatments include:
This includes natural and biological products to promote health. These typically include herbal treatments, special diets, and individual biological treatment.
Important points to consider about biological CAM treatments:
Practitioners promote healing through manipulation and movement of the body.
Practitioners of energy healing believe there are energies that flow in the body or external energy fields. Illness may occur when the body's energy is blocked or out of balance. Each variety of energy therapy has a unique set of beliefs about how to correct this energy.
Before beginning any new therapy, it is important to be well-informed. This is especially important with complementary and alternative medicines. Little is known about many of these treatments, and some can cause adverse side effects.
Most insurance companies cover some of these services, such as acupuncture or visits with a certified naturopath (ND). To find out for sure, you will need to contact your insurance company. Depending on the treatment there may be a minimum number of sessions required to fully benefit from the therapy.
Like any health care practitioner, complementary and alternative medical practitioners should have certification and licenses. Make sure the practitioner you are considering has the proper training. Selecting a CAM provider.
Office of Dietary Supplements (National Institute of Health)
CAM on Pubmed research database (National institute of Health)
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicines (National Institute of Health)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Medline Plus National institute for Health)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Video List (National Institute of Health, Senior Health)
HerbMed (Alternation Medicine Foundation)
Complementary and Alternative Medicine updates (Journal of the American Medical Association)
Authored by: Hall Health Center Health Promotion staff
Reviewed by: Hall Health Center Primary Care Clinic staff (MC), February 2014