Human Interaction With Nature and Technological Systems Lab
(The HINTS Lab)



A Nature Language [top]

Kahn, P. H., Jr. & Hasbach, P. H. (2013). The Rediscovery of the Wild. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. & Hasbach, P. H. (2012). Ecopsychology: Science, totems, and the technological species. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2011). Technological nature: Adaptation and the future of human life. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Ruckert, J.H., Severson, R.L., Reichert, A.L., & Fowler, E. (2010). A nature language: An agenda to catalog, save, and recover patterns of human-nature interaction. Ecopsychology, 2, 59-66.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Severson, R. L., & Ruckert, J. H. (2009). Experiencing technological nature - and the problem when good enough becomes good. In M. Korthals and P. Thompson (series Eds.), M. Drenthen & J. Keulartz (Vol. Eds.), New Visions of Nature. Berlin: Springer.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Severson, R. L., & Ruckert, J. H. (2009). The human relation with nature and technological nature. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 37-42.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Severson, R. L. (2008). Environmental education. In F. C. Power, R. J. Nuzzi, D. Narvaez, D. K. Lapsley, & T. C. Hunt (Eds.), Moral education: A handbook (Vol. 1, pp. 166-167). Westport, CT: Praeger.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2007). The child's enviromental amnesia – It's ours. Children, Youth and Environments, 17(2), 199-207.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2006). Nature and moral development. In M. Killen & J. G. Smetana (Eds.), Handbook of moral development (pp. 461-480). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

  • Reprinted (2007) (abridged): Self & Society, 34, pp. 27-38.
  • Reprinted (2006): New Therapist, 4, pp. 14-25.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2005). Encountering the other. Children, Youth, and Environments. 15(2), 392-397.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2005). Death in the hills. Children, Youth, and Environments, 15(1), 354-357.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Alexander, I. S., Freier, N. G., & Collett, S. L. (2005). The distant gardener: What conversations in the Telegarden reveal about human-telerobotic interaction. Proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication(RO-MAN ’05) (pp. 13-18). Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Kellert, S. R. (2002). (Eds.) Children and nature: Psychological, sociocultural, and evolutionary investigations. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press

Kahn, P. H. Jr. (1997). Developmental psychology and the biophilia hypothesis: Children's affiliation with nature. Developmental Review, 17, 1-61.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1994). Resolving environmental disputes: Litigation, mediation, and the courting of ethical community. Environmental Values, 3, 211-228.

HRI: Robot Pets [top]

Melson, G. F., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Beck, A. M., & Friedman, B. (2009). Robotic pets in human lives: Implications for the human-animal bond and for human relationships with personified technologies. Journal of Social Issues, 65, 545-567.

Melson, G. F., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Beck, A. M., Friedman, B., Roberts, T., Garrett, E., & Gill, B. T. (2009). Children's behavior toward and understanding of robotic and living dogs. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30, 92-102.

Stanton, C. M., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Severson, R. L., Ruckert, J. H., & Gill, B. T. (2008). Robotic animals might aid in the social development of children with autism. Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (pp. 271-278). New York, NY: ACM Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Perez-Granados, D. R., & Freier, N. G. (2006). Robotic pets in the lives of preschool children. Interaction Studies: Social Behavior and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems, 7, 405-436.

Melson, G. F., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Beck, A. M., Friedman, B., Roberts, T., & Garrett, E. (2005). Robots as dogs? – Children’s interactions with the robotic dog AIBO and a live Australian Shepherd. Extended Abstracts of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1649-1652). New York, NY: ACM Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2004). Review of G. Melson's "Why the Wild Things Are: Animals in the Lives of Children." Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 9, 45-46.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Perez-Granados, D. R., & Freier, N. G. (2004). Robotic pets in the lives of preschool children. Extended Abstracts of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1449-1452). New York, NY: ACM Press. [Includes video figure.]

Friedman, B., Kahn, P. H., Jr., and Hagman, J. (2003). Hardware companions?: What online AIBO discussion forums reveal about the human-robotic relationship. Proceedings of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 273 – 280). New York, NY: ACM Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Freier, N., & Severson, R. (2003). Coding manual for children’s interactions with AIBO, the robotic dog – The preschool study (UW CSE Technical Report 03-04-03). Seattle: University of Washington, Department of Computer Science and Engineering. Available online at: ftp://ftp.cs.washington.edu/tr/2003/04/UW-CSE-03-04-03.pdf

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., and Hagman, J. (2002). "I care about him as a pal": Conceptions of robotic pets in online AIBO discussion forums. Extended Abstracts of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 632-633). New York, NY: ACM Press.

HRI: Humanoid Robots [top]

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Freier, N. G., Severson, R. L., Gill, B. T., Ruckert, J. H, & Shen, S. (2012). "Robovie, you'll have to go into the closet now": Children's social and moral relationships with a humanoid robot. Developmental Psychology, 48, 303-314. doi:10.1037/a0027033

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Gill, B. T., Ruckert, J. H., Shen, S., Gary, H. E., Reichert, A. L., Freier, N., & Severson, R.L. (2012). Do people hold a humanoid robot morally accountable for the harm it causes? Proceedings of the 7th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp.33-40). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Gill, B. T., Reichert, A. L., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Ruckert, J. H. (2010). Validating characterizations of sociality in HRI. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on New Frontiers in Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 50-57). United Kingdom: The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Ruckert, J. H., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Reichert, A., Gary, H., and Shen, S. (2010). Psychological intimacy with robots?: Using interaction patterns to uncover depth of relation. Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 123-124). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery. 

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Gill, B. T., Reichert, A. L., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Ruckert, J. H. (2010). Validating interaction patterns in HRI. Proceedings of the 5th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (pp. 183-184). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery. 

Kahn, P. H. Jr., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Ruckert, J. H., Severson, R. L., Freier, N. G., Gill, B. G., Kane, S. K., Klasnja, P., and Reichert, A. L., (2010). Coding Manual for the “Robovie, You Need to Go into the Closet Now!” Study. Seattle, University of Washington, UW ResearchWorks Archive.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Freier, N. G., Kanda, T., Ishiguro, H., Ruckert, J. H., Severson, R. L., et al. (2008). Design patterns for sociality in human-robot interaction. Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction (pp. 97-104). New York, NY: ACM Press.

Friedman, B., & Kahn, P. H., Jr. (in press). Human values, ethics, and design. In J. A. Jacko & A. Sears (Eds.), The Human-computer interaction handbook. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. (Revised and updated chapter from the 2003 edition.)

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Ishiguro, H., Friedman, B., Kanda, T., Freier, N. G., Severson, R. L., & Miller, J. (2007). What is a human? – Toward psychological benchmarks in the field of human-robot interaction. Interaction Studies: Social Behavior and Communication in Biological and Artificial systems, 8(3), 363-390.

Kahn, P.H., Jr., & MacDorman, K. (2007) (Eds.). Special Issue on Psychological Benchmarks of Human-Robot Interaction. Interaction Studies: Social Behavior and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems, 8(3). (Includes an Introduction by MacDorman & Kahn.)

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Ishiguro, H., Friedman, B., Kanda, T. (2006). What is a human? – Toward psychological benchmarks in the field of human-robot interaction. Proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication(RO-MAN ’06) (pp. 364-371). Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Freier, N. G., Friedman, B., Severson, R. L. & Feldman, E. (2004). Social and moral relationships with robotic others? Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN ’04) (pp. 545-550). Piscataway, NJ: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Friedman, B., & Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1992). Human agency and responsible computing: Implications for computer system design. Journal of Systems Software, 17, 7-14.

  • To be reprinted in J. Weckert (Ed.), Computer Ethics. Hampshire, United Kingdom: Ashgate.
  • Reprinted (under the title "The Ethics of System Design") in M.D. Ermann & M.S. Shauf (2003) (Eds.), Computers, ethics, and society: Third Edition (pp.55-63).
  • Reprinted (under the title "People are Responsible, Computers are not") in M.D. Ermann & M.S. Shauf (1997) (Eds.), Computers, ethics, and society: Second Edition.
  • Reprinted in B. Friedman (Ed.), (1997), Human Values and the Design of Computer Technology (pp. 221-235). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Experiencing Nature Through a Plasma Window [top]

Friedman, B., Freier, N. G., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Lin, P., & Sodeman, R. (2008). Office window of the future? -- Field-based analyses of a new use of a large display. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 66(6), 452-465.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Gill, B. T., Hagman, J., Severson, R. L., Freier, N. G., et al. (2008). A plasma display window? – The shifting baseline problem in a technologically-mediated natural world. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28(2), 192-199.

Friedman, B., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Hagman, J., Severson, R. L., & Gill, B. (2006). The watcher and the watched: Social judgments about privacy in a public place. Human-Computer Interaction, 21, 235-272.

Friedman, B., Kahn, P. H., Jr., Hagman, J., & Severson, R. L. (2005). Coding manual for ‘The Watcher and The Watched: Social Judgments about Privacy in a Public Place,’ (UW Information School Technical Report IS-TR-2005-07-01). Seattle, WA: University of Washington, The Information School. Available online at: https://digital.lib.washington.edu/dspace/handle/1773/2074

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Friedman, B., Severson, R. L., & Feldman, E. N. (2005). Creativity tasks and coding system – used in the plasma display window study (UW Information School Technical Report). Seattle: University of Washington, The Information School. Available online at: https://digital.lib.washington.edu/dspace/handle/1773/2050

Friedman, B., Freier, N. G., & Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2004). Office window of the future? – Two case studies of an augmented window. Extended Abstracts of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (p. 1559). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery Press.

Friedman, B., Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Hagman, J. (2004). The watcher and the watched: Social judgments about privacy in a public place. Online Proceedings (“Fringe” category) of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Vienna, Austria: ACM CHI Place, 2004.

Environmental Moral Reasoning [top]

Kahn, P. H., Jr., Saunders, C. D., Severson, R. L., Myers, O. E., Jr., & Gill B.T. (2008). Moral and fearful affiliations with the animal world: Children's conceptions of bats. Anthrozoos, 21, 375-386.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2003). The development of environmental moral identity. In S. Clayton & S. Opotow (Eds.), Identity and the natural environment (pp. 113-134). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2002). Children's affiliations with nature: Structure, development, and the problem of environmental generational amnesia. In P. H. Kahn, Jr. & S. R. Kellert (Eds.), Children and nature: Psychological, sociocultural, and evolutionary investigations (pp. 93-116). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Lourenço, O. (2002). Water, air, fire, and earth – A developmental study in Portugal of environmental moral reasoning. Environment and Behavior, 34, 405-430.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1999). The human relationship with nature: development and culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.*

Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Friedman, B. (1998). On nature and environmental education: Black parents speak from the inner city. Environmental Education Research, 4, 25-39.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1997). Children's moral and ecological reasoning about the Prince William Sound oil spill. Developmental Psychology, 33, 1091-1096.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1997). Bayous And jungle rivers: Cross-cultural perspectives on children's environmental moral reasoning. In H. Saltzstein (Ed.), Culture as a context for moral development: New perspectives on the particular and the universal (pp. 23-36). New Directions for Child Development (W. Damon, Series Editor). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Howe, D., Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Friedman, B. (1996). Along the Rio Negro: Brazilian children's environmental views and values. Developmental Psychology, 32, 979-987.

Kahn, P. H., Jr., & Friedman, B. (1995). Environmental views and values of children in an inner-city Black community. Child Development, 66, 1403-1417.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1992). Children's obligatory and discretionary moral judgments. Child Development, 63, 416-430.

Kahn, P. H., Jr. (1991). Bounding the controversies: Foundational issues in the study of moral development. Human Development, 34, 325-340.



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