Youth Violence Interventions
Family literacy programs
Low bonding to school
has been identified as a risk factor in youth for the development
of violent behavior (Hawkins 1987). Recent efforts to decrease the
risk of school failure have been aimed at improving literacy
through interventions in the family, especially during the
childs infancy, toddlerhood and preschool years. For
example, the "Beginning with Books" program gives
childrens books to families during the first years of life.
The program has resulted in more literacy experiences for
children in their homes and higher reading abilities in early
elementary school (Bean 1990). These interventions have been
adopted by many clinics, with favorable reaction from families
and children (Needleman 1991).