Division: Europe--Medieval to Modern Times
Students working with Professor Toews may prepare a field in Modern European Intellectual and Cultural History. This field encompasses the major transformation in social and political theory, philosophy, literature and the arts from the late Enlightenment to Postmodernism, primarily in Northern, Central and Western Europe. (German, French and British cultural areas). Students will be expected to develop a specific thematic and topical emphasis within the larger field and to familiarize themselves with historical methods for the contextual analysis of cultural artifacts.
Division: Comparative History (Historiography & Comparative Gender)*
Students may prepare a field in Philosophy of History and Historiography: A comparative study of the theory and practice of constructing the past in both Anglo-American and West European Cultures from the late Enlightenment to the Present.
Students preparing a field in Comparative Gender will consider the cultural construction and textual representation of masculinity in West European Cultures since the early 19th century.
*Students may not offer a field in the Comparative History division as a first field.