Division: Asia--Pre-History to the Present
Professor Sears offers fields covering the material and human history of Indonesia from the beginnings to the present. Students focusing on the period before 1800 will emphasize local cultures and early kingdoms through the study of religion, architecture, art, archaeology, economics, ecology, and textual studies (literature, laws, chronicles, and oral traditions). Students working in the modern period will focus on the social, political, cultural and economic changes in Indonesia from 1800 to the present. Emphasizes the growth of staes, imperialism, nationalism, the transformations of modernity, independence and the challenges of gendered, ethnic, and religious identities in the post-colonial world.
Division: Comparative History (Historiography & Comparative Colonialisms)*
The goal of the Historiography field will be to look at the intersection of history and theory through a critical investigation of ideologies, post-modernities, the breakdown of rationalism, and the de-centering effects of postcolonial and feminist theories. How does post-modern critical discourse affect historical studies? What is the fate of history in the postcolonial world? Can one be a feminist, a Marxist, and a post-modernist? (Would one want to be?) By taking an interdisciplinary approach to "culture," theory, and history, this field will blend together a number of different methodologies associated with ethnography, semiotics, Frankfurt school theory, Birmingham school media criticism, feminist theories, Freudian and Lacanian psychoanalysis, postcolonial theories and deconstruction. The emphasis will be on different ways of "seeing" and how these intersect with changing notions of subjectivity. Each student will construct an individual list of required readings for this field specific to his or her research interests.
This field in Comparative Colonialisms approaches the comparative study of colonialism by investigating spatial and temporal constructions of modernity and what is sometimes called post-modernity. The field draws novelists, cultural critics, and scholars of Asia and Europe into comparative historical conversations about "non-western studies". Continuing the dialogues with the social sciences that comparative studies have always entailed, this field integrates literary, historiographical, postcolonial, and psychoanalytic theories into these discussions by questioning the development of nations and identities, and the disciplinary constructions of modernity, ethnicity, gender, and culture.
For the purposes of this field, we will avoid positing a past time of tradition that has been overcome by modernity. Tradition and modernity both come into focus at the same time, and scholars can only recognize tradition in the light of modernity. What becomes known as "culture" comes into focus in the 19th century as colonial empires are consolidated and colonial scholars begin the process of cultural representation that has sometimes been named Orientalism. What we must call culture, for lack of a better term, cannot be separated from the colonial moment and posited as an unchanging part of non-European civilization waiting for Europeans to uncover, interpret, document, or eventually reconstruct it. What social scientists call "tradition" developed within an atmosphere in which 19th century discourses of progress and science were percolating, both contributing and drawing from European, African, and Asian intellectual interactions. This field strives towards a re-envisioning of European and Asian histories by highlighting the mutual exchanges between Asian and European knowledges and mentalities. Each student will construct a different list of required readings for this field specific to his or her research interests.
*Students may not offer a field in the Comparative History division as a first field.
GRADUATE COURSES TAUGHT
HSTAS 532 is a continuation of the linked seminar series of HSTAS 530 and 532. Students are expected to be doing original research for a 25 page paper that will be pre-circulated to the class in weeks 8-10 and that will be due in its final form at the end of the quarter. Students are expected to meet regularly with Professors Giebel and Sears. Graduate students who did not take HSTAS 530 can join HSTAS 532 with the permission of the instructors, Professors Giebel and Sears. The students, however need to be working on Southeast Asian research topics. Research plans, if not already presented to the class in HSTAS 530, will be presented in Week One. HSTAS 532 is cross-listed with JSIS A 582.
Topic: Trauma, Archives, and Colonialism.
This seminar focuses on the intersection of history and theory through a critical investigation of the traumas of colonialism, constructions of identities and subjectivities, and the de-centering effects of postcolonial and psychoanalytical theories. Historiography is not only about the different methods of shaping historical narratives. Historiography is also about silences and the politics of location. How do postmodern and poststructural critical discourses affect historical studies? How does one interpret oral testimonies recorded after traumatic experiences? How do we account for beliefs in witchcraft or the supernatural in historical studies? By taking an interdisciplinary approach to “culture,” theory, and history, this course will cover anti-essentialist approaches to race, class, and gender, postcolonial theories, deconstruction, and trauma theories. The emphasis this quarter will be on different ways of constructing and situating historical archives and how interactions among testimony, memory, and trauma influence the construction and deconstruction of these archives. Students will gain familiarity with these critical approaches through readings, class discussion, and written work. In addition, students will learn how to situate their research interests within a specific theoretical discourse.
This course is a theoretical and historigraphical introduction to the field of modern Southeast Asian history. We will explore the ways in which the field has recently engaged the questions of nationalism, colonialism, and modernity, on the one hand, and problems of knowledge production and mnemonic practices, on the other hand, all while the notion of "area studies" continues to be rethought. In our reading of recent works focusing on Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar/Burma, the Philippines, and Viet Nam, and the region, we will analyze how each work fits into the field as a whole and how each work stretches the boundaries of both the discipline of history and the study of Southeast Asia.
The course is structured on the assumption that students taking the class have some prior knowledge of the field or a specific part of it through coursework or study. Because this course is a research seminar, by the eighth week of the class, students are expected to have formulated a research topic for which they will have Spring Quarter to produce a 25 page research paper to be presented next quarter in HSTAS 532, the second research seminar in this sequence.