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Case 1: Indications for Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy

You answered:

C Defer antiretroviral therapy until the patient's CD4 count decreases to less than 350 cells/mm3.

This answer is incorrect. The March 2012 DHHS antiretroviral therapy guidelines recommend initiating antiretroviral therapy for all HIV-infected patients regardless of clinical symptoms.

A Initiate antiretroviral therapy.
B Defer antiretroviral therapy until the patient's CD4 count decreases to less than 500 cells/mm3
D Defer antiretroviral therapy until the patient's CD4 count decreases to less than 200 cells/mm3 or the patient develops HIV-related clinical symptoms.

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