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Case 4: Antiretroviral Therapy for Acute (Primary) HIV

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B Transmission of antiretroviral-resistant HIV has been documented through sexual, parenteral, and vertical routes. Persons who acquire antiretroviral resistant HIV are more likely to have failures with antiretroviral therapy.

This answer is correct. Transmission of resistant HIV has clearly been documented with multiple different routes of exposure. Recent studies have shown that persons who acquire resistant HIV are more likely to fail antiretroviral therapy, with a longer time to viral suppression and a shorter time to virologic failure.

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