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Case 9: Cryptosporidiosis in a Patient with AIDS

You answered:

B Among antimicrobial agents studied for the treatment of cryptosporidiosis, the combination of azithromycin (Zithromax) plus paromomycin (Humatin) is the most effective therapy.

This answer is incorrect. Azithromycin and paromomycin have been studied in combination for cryptosporidiosis, but this combination regimen is not the most effective therapy and is generally considered only when other treatment options have failed.

A Most patients acquire Cryptosporidium from exposure to undercooked meat.
C Recommended treatment consists of high-dose trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra).
D Immune restoration with antiretroviral therapy is considered essential in the management of patients with cryptosporidiosis.

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