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Case 9: Cryptosporidiosis in a Patient with AIDS

You answered:

D Immune restoration with antiretroviral therapy is considered essential in the management of patients with cryptosporidiosis.

This answer is correct. Numerous antimicrobial agents have been studied for the treatment of cryptosporidiosis, but antimicrobial therapy generally provides only suppressive therapy at best. The recommended first-line treatment is restoration of the immune system with antiretroviral therapy. If antimicrobial therapy is used along with antiretroviral therapy, nitazoxanide is recommended.

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