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Case 3: HIV Infection in the Correctional Setting

You answered:

A All incarcerated persons are required by law to undergo HIV testing upon entry to jail or prison.

This answer is incorrect. In state and federal prisons, the policies for HIV testing vary significantly and include mandatory, routine, voluntary, or by inmate request. Currently, most correctional facilities do not routinely offer all inmates testing for HIV at entry. Given the disproportionately high prevalence of HIV among persons who become incarcerated in prisons and jails, incarceration affords a tremendous opportunity to provide HIV testing and care. Nonetheless, some correctional facilities are reluctant to institute routine HIV testing because of monetary implications.

Choose another answer:

B Female inmates have a higher prevalence of documented HIV infection than male inmates.
C Most incarcerated HIV-infected persons acquire their HIV infection while in prison or jail.
D The percentage of HIV-infected inmates who achieve undetectable HIV RNA levels (while receiving HAART in prison) is significantly lower than typically achieved by HIV-infected persons taking HAART in a community setting.
E All incarcerated persons who take HAART receive directly observed therapy (DOT) while in a correctional facility.

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