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Case 3: HIV Infection in the Correctional Setting

You answered:

B Female inmates have a higher prevalence of documented HIV infection than male inmates.

This answer is correct. Nationwide, the prevalence of HIV infection is 2.8% among female inmates compared with 1.9% among males. The higher rate of HIV observed in incarcerated women may be related to female inmates having a disproportionately high rates of injection drug use, promiscuity, prostitution, and exchange of sex for drugs, all which increase the risk for acquiring HIV.


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