Treaty Database Topics Thesaurus

(rev. April 1999)




Administration  9

Aid  4

Communications  6

Culture  7

Diplomacy  1

Economics  3

Resources  8

Transport  5

Welfare  2





1.      Diplomacy

          Matters with long-range policy implications, normally decided at the chief-of-government level.

  1ALLY  Alliance

  Description  Military alliances, possibly including non-military matters.

  See Also  1AMITY for friendship treaties

    4MILIT for military aid


                        Mutual defense

  1AMITY  Amity

  Description  Friendship, general relations, and matters concerning more than one topic in the Topic Group.

  See Also  1ALLY


                        Basic cooperation between two countries

                        Cooperation in culture, science, and technology

                        Friendship and cooperation

                        Science, technology and economic cooperation

  1ARMCO  Arms Control

  Description  Arms control and disarmament, including safeguards for operation of nuclear reactors.

  See Also  1PEACE for termination of hostilities.


                        Application of nuclear safeguards

                        Application of safeguards to nuclear materials

                        Atomic energy standards

                        Limitation of strategic arms

  1CHART  UN Membership

  Description  Acceptance of obligations of UN charter.

  See Also


                        Acceptance of UN charter

                        Adherence to UN charter


  1DISPU  Dispute Settlements

  Description  Formal procedural and substantive resolutions of legal and political controversies.

  See Also


                        Establishment of arbitration board

                        Frontier dispute

                        Judicial settlements

                        Methods for negotiation/arbitration

                        Submission of dispute to ICJ

                                Negotiation guidelines

  1ESTAB  IGO Establishment

  Description  Establishment of an international government organization (IGO).

  See Also  1HEAD for the establishment of a regional office of an already existing IGO.


                        Establishment of an agency/service/fund/group

  1HEAD  IGO Headquarters

  Description  Establishment of an IGO headquarters, and relations between it and the host country.

  See Also


                        Establish a regional office/headquarters/field office

                        Legal status of office in host country

  1OCCUP  Military Occupation

  Description  Belligerent occupation.

  See Also  1STATU for peacetime military forces in foreign countries.


                        Occupation conclusion

                        Occupation costs

                        Withdrawal of troops

  1OPTC  International Court of Justice Clause

  Description  Acceptance of compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice(ICJ). 

Treaties entered under this topic are all Unilateral.

  See Also


                        Acceptance of ICJ jurisdiction

  1PEACE  Peace/Armistice

  Description  Termination of war or hostilities.

  See Also  1ARMCO


                        Amendment of peace treaty

                        Cessation of hostilities

                        Disengagement of forces

                        General armistice

  1RECOG  Diplomacy/Recognition

  Description  Diplomatic relations and recognition, independence of new states, acceptance of treaty


  See Also


                        Establish diplomatic relations

                        Foreign policy cooperation

                        Inheritance of treaty rights and obligations


                        Upgrade missions to embassies

  1REPAR  Reparations

  Description  Post-war reparation settlements.  These are on a global or country-to-country level, and would often involve one country giving another country some lump sum of money to pay for damages. 

  See Also  3CLAIM for reparations to individuals within a country.


                        Compensation for property loss

                        Compensation of war victims

                        Settlement of war claims

  1STATU  Status of Forces

  Description  Peacetime status of foreign military forces.

  See Also  1OCUP for military occupation

    9MILMI for military missions

    9PRIVI for military privileges


                        Stationing of military units

                        Transitional authority of the UN

                        UN Peacekeeping forces

  1TERRI  Territorial Limits

  Description  National land and water boundaries determined by political decisions.

  See Also  9BOUND for boundary maintenance, for routine administrative matters.


                        Delimitation of continental shelf

                                Demarcation or delimitation of boundaries

                        Frontier agreement

  1TRUST  UN Trusteeship

  Description  Establishment or operation of a UN trusteeship.  Does not involve money in trust.

  See Also


                        Establishment of operation of UN trusteeship


2.  Welfare

Matters falling broadly within the scope of government agencies in charge of labor, health, and welfare.

  2HEW  General Welfare

  Description  Matters concerning more than one topic in this group.

  See Also


                        Social cooperation

  2HUMAN  Relief/Rescue

  Description  Humanitarian relief and rescue relating to shipwrecks, floods, earthquakes and other disasters.  These involve short-term assistance for particular disasters that have occurred. 

See Also  9ADMIN for disaster preparation in general



                        Coordination of disaster relief

                        Emergency food relief program

                        Relief supplies

                        Search and rescue cooperation

  2LABOR  Labor

  Description  Includes migratory labor, trade unions, and internships.


  See Also  7EDUC for culture

    4EDUC for educational aid


                        Exchange of student employees of workers

                        Migrant workers' regulations

                        Recruitment of workers

                        Temporary employment of workers

                        Trainee exchange

                        Workers' health of safety

                                Maternity leave

  2NARK  Narcotics Control

  Description  Control of illegal drug production and traffic.

  See Also


                        Curbing of illicit drug production and traffic

                                Narcotics traffic

  2REFUG  Refugees

  Description  Refugees and repatriation.

  See Also  9CITIZ


                        Housing of refugees

                        Movement of refugees

                        Protection of refugees

                        Repatriation of refugees

  2SANIT  Human Health

  Description  Disease control, public health, projects or techniques to aid public health and sanitation.

  See Also  4MEDIC for medical aid.


                        Blood banks

                        Cooperation in health and medicine


                        Project on food processing effects

                        Public health and medical research

                        Sanitation of meat exports

                        Sanitation of shellfish

  2SECUR  Social Security

  Description  Social security, retirements, old age benefits, disability, unemployment compensation.

  See Also


                        Insurance of migrant workers

                        Old age insurance

                        Pension plan

                        Transfer of pension rights

  2WOMEN  Status of Women

  Description  Legal status of women and issues of women's equality.

  See Also


                        White slave traffic

                                Women's legal rights

                        Women's voting rights

3.       Economics

Matters that are primarily economic in the sense of traditional international trade and payments.  But for aid-supported transactions, see 4. Aid.

  3CLAIM  Claims, Debts, Assets

  Description  Claims regarding particular debts and assets, mainly concerning retrospective settlement.  Claims for damages are analogous to a US suit for damages.)

  See Also  4AID 


                        Claims for damages

                        Commercial debts

                        Consolidation of debts

                        Disposal of excess property

                        Release of assets

                        Repayment of loans

                        Transfer of assets

                        Unblocking of funds


  3COMMO  Raw Materials Trade

  Description  Trade in specific commodities, e. g. aluminum, cotton, rubber, fish, meat, phosphates, wool.

  See Also  3PROD for finished goods trade

    3TRADE for treaties about general trade


                        Cereals production and trade


                        Long-term wheat agreement

                        Meat imports

                        Sale of vegetable oil


  3CUSTO  Customs Duties

  Description  Custom rates and tariffs.

  See Also


                        Customs concessions

                        Duty free quotas

                        Free ports and free zones

                        Goods in border traffic

                        Restriction and control of imports

                                Interim GATT (when it deals mostly with customs)

                                Mutual cooperation

  3ECON  Economic Cooperation

  Description  General economic cooperation and matters not covered elsewhere, or concerning more than one topic in Topic Group 3.

  See Also


                        Economic relations

                        Financial cooperation


                        Joint stock transfers

                        Non-commercial payments

                                Economic, industrial, and/or technical cooperation

  3INDUS  Industry

  Description  Factories or entire industrial sectors.

  See Also  8METAL for processing of metals as natural resources


                        Construction of factory

                        Cooperation in industrial sectors

                        Industrial development

                        Industrial property

                        Light/heavy industries

                        Mining industries

  3INVES  Investment Guarantee

  Description  General guarantees for protection of investments.

  See Also  4LOAN for financial aid.


                        Encouragement and protection of investments

                        Foreign investment insurance


                        Investment promotion

  3MOSTF  Most Favored Nation Status

  Description  Traditional most-favored nation treatment as the main function of a treaty, rather than as an incidental clause.

  See Also


                        Free trade and preferential treatment

                        Most favored nation treatments for ships/workers

                        Waiver of MFN clause

  3PATEN  Patents and Copyrights

  Description  Patents, copyrights, trademarks, intellectual property.

  See Also


                        Inventions and trademarks

                        Marks of origin

                        Mutual copyright protection

                        Trademark registration

  3PAYMT  Payments and Currency

  Description  Routine commercial payments and exchange rates.

  See Also  3TRAPA for Trade and Payments

    3CLAIM for commercial debts




                        Currency movements and exchange rates

                        Deferred payments

                        Long-term payments

                        Minimum Sterling proportion

                        Settlement of financial questions/matters

  3PROD  Products and Equipment

  Description  Finished goods, industrial products, equipment, facilities, installations, commercial as well as


  See Also  3TRADE for General Trade

    4MILIT for military aid

    8METAL for metallurgy as resources


                        Delivery of machinery/equipment

                        Import quotas for products

                        Mining equipment

                        Textiles trade

  3TAXAT  Taxation

  Description  Double taxation, tax exemptions, fiscal evasion

  See Also


                        Avoidance of double taxation and fiscal evasion

                        Tax refund

                        Tax relief

                        Waiver of taxes

  3TECH  Technical Cooperation

  Description  Technical and scientific-technological cooperation and exchange between equally developed nations.

  See Also  4TECA for Aid

    7SCIEN under Culture


                        Cooperation in ice breaking technology

                        Data processing and teleprocessing

                        Industrial engineering and design

                        Scientific and technical cooperation

                                Textile engineering

  3TOUR  Tourism

  Description  Promotion of tourism.

  See Also  9VISAS under Administration


                        Cooperation in tourism

                        Excursion traffic

                        Tourist exchanges

                        Tourist traffic

  3TRADE  General Trade

  Description  Trade not limited to any particular commodity.

  See Also  3PROD for products or equipment

    3COMMO for raw materials trade

    3TRAPA for Trade and Payments

    9CONSU for trade representation



                        Commercial agreement

                        Exchange of goods

                        Import licenses

                        Long-term trade

                        Trade agreement

                        Trade fairs

                        Trade obstacles removed

  3TRAPA  Trade and Payments

  Description  Equal or similar emphasis on both.

  See Also  3PAYMT for emphasis on payment

    3TRADE for emphasis on trade


                        Barter and payments

                        Commerce and finance

                        Commodities exchange and payments

                        Exchange of goods and payments

                        Long-term trade and payments

4.       Aid

Non-commercial transfers of goods, capital, or services.

  4AGRIC  Food or Agricultural Aid

  Description  Aid for foodstuffs, fertilizers, and agricultural products, equipment, and techniques.  These projects are typically short-term: they have a limited lifespan.

  See Also  4RESOU for long-term projects, such as irrigation.

    8AGRIC for non-aid resource situations.


                        Agricultural development

                        Agricultural sector projects

                        Assistance from World Food program


                        Cereals improvement

                        Crop projects

                        Fertilizer projects

                        Livestock projects

                        Sale of agricultural commodities (between developed and developing countries)

                        Seed project

                        Small farmer training

                        Tree crops

  4AID  Unspecified Aid

  Description  Aid concerning more than one topic in topic group, or which does not fall into other topics.

  See Also  4LOAN for financial cooperation between developed and developing countries, or if the treaty explicitly specifies a loan. 


                        Aid for imports

                        Aid from A.I.D.

                                Cold storage


                        Contributions to UNIDO

                        Economic stability

                        Financial assistance

                        Grant for economic development

                        Grassroots development initiative

                        Maintenance grant

                        Multisector project

                        Public enterprise

                        Solidarity aid

                        Standard basic assistance

                        UNDP assistance

  4ATOM  Atomic Energy Aid

  Description  Aid for peaceful use of nuclear energy.

  See Also  8ENERG for energy topics in general.

    1ARMCO for control of nuclear reactors


                        Assistance in atomic reactor project

                        Assistance in supply of materials

                                Atomic power plant construction

                        Grant for nuclear research training equipment

                        Technical assistance in atomic energy

  4EDUC  Educational Aid

  Description  Aid for academic and vocational training.

  See Also  7EDUC for exchange programs and cooperative projects


                        Adult literacy

                        Establish college/university/school/technical institute

                        School feeding program

                        School uniforms

                        Teacher training

                        Training of skilled labor


  4LOAN  Financial Aid

  Description       Loans and other repayable financial aid, including World Bank projects; financial cooperation between developed and developing nations.  Loans for purposes represented by other topics are classified under those topics, e.g. 4MILIT for loans for military equipment.

  See Also  3INVES, 3CLAIM


Loans or credit for economic cooperation, economic development, structural adjustment, or

specifically described projects.

                        Earthquake reconstruction

                        Financial management

                        Industrial finance

                        Private enterprise project

                        Rural credit

                        Small/medium enterprise project

                        Urban project

  4MEDIC  Medical Aid

  Description  Aid for hospital construction and equipment, as well as organization of public health services.

  See Also  2HUMAN is cases of disasters.


                        Basic health services

                        Disease control

                        Family planning/contraception program

                        Health education/research

                        Health sector loan

                        Insect control

                        Medical center construction

                        Nursing project

                        Population control

  4MILIT  Military Aid

  Description  Aid for military supplies, equipment, training.

  See Also  9MILMI, 1ALLY


                        Airbase construction

                        Aircraft/vessel loan

                        Military assistance

                        Production of defense equipment

                        Technical military cooperation

                                Training of forces in a developed country

  4PCOR  Peace Corps or other Volunteers

  Description       American Peace Corps and similar volunteer services of donor countries, e.g. European volunteers, Japanese volunteers.

  See Also


                        Development volunteers

                        Peace corps

                                Country X volunteers

  4RESOU  Resources Aid

  Description  Aid for the build-up of infrastructures to develop national resources.

  See Also  Topics under 8. Resources, for analogs in non-aid contexts.


                        Dam project

                        Environmental protection

                        Fisheries project

                        Flood control and drainage project

                        Highway project

                        Irrigation project

                        Low income housing

                        Petroleum exploration

                        Port project

                        Power project

                        Regional railways

                        River transport

                                Social forestry

                        Telecommunications project

                        Urban transport project

                        Water supply project

  4TECA  Technical Assistance

  Description  Non-financial aid through advisory services for modernization, chiefly short-term assistance projects.  Do not use this topic for development credits.  Between

                      IGO/developed nation and developing nation.

  See Also  3TECH for economic projects


    9ADMIN for programs between UK and former colonies


                        Associate experts to IGOs or UN

                        Operation and executive personnel

                        Scientific and technical cooperation (between a developed and developing nation)

                        Technical advisory assistance

                        Technical assistance


  Description  Aid involving UN Children's Fund.

5.       Transport

All forms of transportation by air, land, or water, including related infrastructures, e.g. ports, bridges, tunnels, navigation control facilities..


  5AIR  Air Transport

  Description  Air services, airlines, airports, landing rights.

  See Also


                        Air route/schedule changes

                        Air traffic rights

                        Air transport

                        Airworthiness certificates

                                Civil air transport

                        Establish air services

                        Flight inspections

  5LAND  Land Transport

  Description  Road and rail transport including passengers, freight, bridges, tunnels.

  See Also


                        Border railways

                        Channel tunnel negotiations

                        Continued railroad construction

                        International road transport

                        Recognition of driving permits/licenses

                        Road traffic

  5TRANS  General Transport

  Description  Matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.

  See Also


                        Transport company stock

                        Transport cooperation

                        Transport of goods

                        Transportation of goods and passengers

                        Water and air transport

  5WATER  Water Transport

  Description  Ocean, lake, river transport including passengers, freight, ports.

  See Also


                        Canal maintenance


                        Ferry service

                        Ice breaking

                        Joint shipping service


                        Maritime navigation


                        Maritime rights

                        Maritime transport

                        Measuring tonnage

                        Merchant marines

                        Omega navigation monitoring factory


                        Recognition of tonnage certificates of ships

                        Use of ports and waters

6.      Communications

Transmission of mail and other information by traditional as well as electronic means.

  6COMMU  Communications

  Description  General communications; matters concerning more than one topic in topic group.

  See Also


                        Communication facilities

                        Communications cooperation

                                Post and telegraph


  6MEDIA  Mass Media

  Description  Newspapers, radio, television, exchange of newsreels.

  See Also  6TELCO for amateur radio operations


                        Assignment of TV channels

                        Cooperation between news agencies

                        Exchange of newsreels

                        Financial cooperation for radio stations

                        Journalist associations

                        Mass media cooperation

                        Radio and TV broadcasting cooperation

  6POST  Postal Services

  Description  Rates and handling procedures for letters, parcels, and postal money orders.

  See Also


                        Exchange of money orders

                        Exchange of postal parcels

                        Express mail service

                        Military air mail

                        Parcel post

                        Postal rates

                        Subscriptions to newspapers/magazines

  6TELCO  Telecommunications

  Description  Telephone and telegraph services, construction and operation of radar stations, allocation of frequencies.

  See Also


                        Amateur radio operations

                        Embassy telecommunications

                        Exchange of radio specialists

                        High capacity microwave links

                        Radio channels in XMHz band

                        Telegraph rates

                        Undersea cable

7.      Culture

Exchanges and joint programs in cultural fields, broadly defined.

  7CULT  Culture

  Description  Theater, opera, ballet, films, books, sports; as well as matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.

  See Also


                        Archives transfer

                        Artist exchange

                        Exhibition of art treasures

                        Fairs and exhibitions

                        Film relations


                        Import of books and films


                        Museum cooperation

                        Temple preservation

                        Writers/artists associations

                        Youth and sports matters

  7EDUC  Education

  Description  Student and teacher exchange, joint schools and programs, equivalence of degrees and diplomas, cooperation in educational projects.  Primary emphasis on teachers/students from kindergarten to Ph.D.

  See Also  4EDUC for educational aid.


                        Academies of science

                        Cooperation between universities

                        Cooperation in higher education

                        Education abroad

                        Educational exchanges

                        Status of schools

                        Student placement

                                Teacher training

  7RELIG  Religion

  Description  Not limited to any particular religion, but with religion as the primary focus of the treaty.

  See Also


                        Appointment of bishops

                        Church jurisdiction


                        Separation of diocese

                        Status of church property

  7SCIEN  Science and Technology

  Description  Research programs and exchanges in science and technology, weather stations, earth and ocean observations, cooperation between academies of science.

See Also  3TECH for economic aspects of scientific and technical cooperation

    4TECA for technical assistance

    7SPACE for space exploration

    8ENERG for nuclear research or information


                        Antarctic cooperation

                        Balloon launching

                        Bird research

                        Global weather experiments

                        Oceanic research

                        Remote sensing

                        Scientific and technical cooperation (between academies of science)

                        Seismic research facility

  7SEMIN  Seminars and Conferences

  Description  UN sponsored and other seminars and conferences on specific issues.  Typically treaties between the UN group and a host country.

  See Also


                        Arrangements for meetings

                        Interregional symposia

Preparatory meetings

                        UN Conference

                        UN Study tour


  7SPACE  Space Exploration and Research

  Description  Peaceful uses of outer space and related space technology, including satellites and orbital stations.

  See Also  7SCIEN


                        Cooperation in outer space activities

                        Relations between space agencies

                        Satellite launches

                        Space vehicle tracking

                        Tracking and telemetry network


                        Tracking stations

8. Resources 

Various programs that concern mainly the development and use of natural resources.  But see also 4RESOU.

8AGRIC  Agriculture

Description  Fertilizer, experimental programs, pest and disease control, quarantine.

See Also            4AGRIC


                        Agricultural cooperation

                        Agricultural machinery

                        Agricultural research

                        Insect eradication


                        Plant diseases

                        Plant protection and quarantine

  8CATTL  Cattle or Fowl

  Description  Veterinary matters, vaccination, health certificates, crossboundary grazing, migratory birds.

  See Also


                        Animal health

                        Border grazing

                        Cattle vaccines

                        Cattle-breeding project


                        Migratory birds

                        Reindeer pastures

                        Veterinary sanitation

                        Zoo sanitation

  8ENERG  Energy

  Description  All forms of energy.

  See Also  4ATOM for atomic energy aid

    4RESOU for resources aid


                        Deep sea drilling


                        Energy research and development

                        Fast breeder reactors

                        Geothermal/hydroelectric projects

                        Information on nuclear installations

                        Natural gas

                                Notification of nuclear accidents

                        Nuclear research and information

                        Oil pipeline

                        Peaceful uses of nuclear energy

                        Radioactive waste storage/management

                        Transfer of enriched uranium

  8ENVIR  Environment or Ecology

  Description  Pollution control, wildlife protection by species or region, water quality, environmental


  See Also


                        Combat desertifcation

                        Experimental animals

                        Fund for pollution damage

                        Hazardous waste materials

                        Lake water quality

                        Park creation

                        Pet protection

                        Protect ozone layer

                        Sewage sludge processing

  8FISH  Fisheries

  Description       Fish and all other living marine animals as resources.  Conditions and zones of  conservation and harvesting.

  See Also  3COMMO for fish as a traded commodity rather than a living resource.




                                Fisheries  inspection

                        Fishing industries

                        Fishing regulations

                        Fishing relations

                        Fishing zones

                        Long-line fishing

                        Marine environment cooperation

                        Shrimp fishing

  8METAL  Metallurgy

  Description  Mining and processing of metals as natural resources.

See Also  3INDUS or 3PROD for mining equipment or mining industries.

    4RESOU under Aid.


                        Cooperation in metallurgy

                        Deep seabed mining

                        Metals exploration

                        Mineral resources research

  8WATER  Water

  Description  Multiple use of water, e.g. irrigation, power, drinking.

  See Also


                        Dam construction

                        Flood control

                        River management

                        Sharing of river water

                        Waste disposal

                        Water quality monitoring

                        Water supply

  8WOOD  Wood or Forestry

  Description  Forestry management, reforestation, logging, fire protection.

  See Also           4RESOU for Aid.


                        Forest fire protection

                        Reforestation and forest regulation



9. Administration 

Routine administrative matters incidental to, or independent of non-routine political treaties.  But see also  1. Diplomacy.


  9ADMIN  Administration

  Description  Routine matters that don't fit into any other Topic or that concern more than one Topic in this Topic Group.  Arrangements between IGOs to handle projects.

  See Also


                        Basic cooperation involving an IGO

                        Employment of dependents of government officials

                        Employment of official government employees

                        Exchange of official publications

                        Memorandum of understanding

                        Mutual assistance in case of disasters

                        Programs between UK and former colonies

                        Public affairs

                        UK officers in former colonies

  9BOUND  Boundary Maintenance

  Description  Physical maintenance and marking of borders, e.g. bridges, tunnels, checkpoints, mapping.

  See Also  1TERR as well as Topics in Topic Group 5: Transport.


                        Cooperation in frontier areas

  9CITIZ  Nationality or Aliens

  Description  Immigration, citizenship, nationality, minorities, military service requirements.

  See Also  2REFUG for repatriation.


                        Assisted migration

                        Dual nationality


                        Military obligations of dual citizen

                        Residence requirements

  9CONSU  Consulates

  Description  Consular matters including functions, buildings.  Also includes business being transacted at

                      the diplomat/consul level.

  See Also


                        Consular convention

                        Consular relations

                        Diplomatic pouches

                        Trade representation

  9LEGAL  Legal Procedures

  Description  Judicial assistance, enforcement of civil and criminal judgements.

  See Also  9XTRAD



                        Child support

                        Civil liability for nuclear damage

                        Enforcement of maintenance order (alimony)

                        Execution of sentences


                                International access to justice

                        Legal procedures

                        Letters rogatory

                        Marriage requirements

                        Torture and other punishments

                        Transfer of inmates

  9MILIT  Military Procedures

  Description  Routine military cooperation between equivalent countries

  See Also  9MILMI



                        Atomic energy for mutual defense

                        Defense cooperation

                        Exchange of military information and personnel

                        Loan or lease of vessels and equipment

                        Military development and research

                        Military hospitals

                        Military industrial cooperation

                        Military-unit exchange

                        Naval visits

                        Pilot training

                        Prefinancing of NATO projects

                        Protection of classified information

                        Security of military information

                        Storage of defense materials

                        War graves

  9MILMI  Military Missions

  Description  Permanent military missions.



                        Air force mission

                        Establishment of permanent operation location

                        Naval mission

                        Renew/extend mission

                        Status of mission

  9PRIVI  Privileges and Immunities

  Description  Diplomatic immunities of governments and international organizations.



                        Consular privileges

                        Customs immunity for diplomats

                        Diplomatic baggage

                        Legal status of IGO

                        Status of a delegation

  9VISAS  Visas and Passports

  Description  Visas and visa fees, regulation of movement of persons and goods across borders.

  See Also  3TOUR


                        Abolition of visas

                                Border controls

                        Diplomatic service passports

                        Frontier traffic

                        Movement of persons

                        Movement/acceptance/admission of persons at borders

                        Road and rail checkpoints

                        UN laisser - passer

  9XTRAD  Extradition

  Description  Extradition and deportation.

  See Also           9LEGAL for other judicial enforcement measures.



                        Extradition of criminals

                        Fugitives from justice

                        Removal of undesirable persons