Treaty Database Topics Thesaurus
(rev. April 1999)
DETAILED, ANNOTATED LISTING
Matters with long-range policy implications, normally decided at the chief-of-government level.
Description Military alliances, possibly including non-military matters.
See Also 1AMITY for friendship treaties
4MILIT for military aid
Description Friendship, general relations, and matters concerning more than one topic in the Topic Group.
See Also 1ALLY
Basic cooperation between two countries
Cooperation in culture, science, and technology
Friendship and cooperation
Science, technology and economic cooperation
1ARMCO Arms Control
Description Arms control and disarmament, including safeguards for operation of nuclear reactors.
See Also 1PEACE for termination of hostilities.
Application of nuclear safeguards
Application of safeguards to nuclear materials
Atomic energy standards
Limitation of strategic arms
1CHART UN Membership
Description Acceptance of obligations of UN charter.
Acceptance of UN charter
Adherence to UN charter
1DISPU Dispute Settlements
Description Formal procedural and substantive resolutions of legal and political controversies.
Establishment of arbitration board
Methods for negotiation/arbitration
Submission of dispute to ICJ
1ESTAB IGO Establishment
Description Establishment of an international government organization (IGO).
See Also 1HEAD for the establishment of a regional office of an already existing IGO.
Establishment of an agency/service/fund/group
1HEAD IGO Headquarters
Description Establishment of an IGO headquarters, and relations between it and the host country.
Establish a regional office/headquarters/field office
Legal status of office in host country
1OCCUP Military Occupation
Description Belligerent occupation.
See Also 1STATU for peacetime military forces in foreign countries.
Withdrawal of troops
1OPTC International Court of Justice Clause
Description Acceptance of compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice(ICJ).
Treaties entered under this topic are all Unilateral.
Acceptance of ICJ jurisdiction
Description Termination of war or hostilities.
See Also 1ARMCO
Amendment of peace treaty
Cessation of hostilities
Disengagement of forces
Description Diplomatic relations and recognition, independence of new states, acceptance of treaty
Establish diplomatic relations
Foreign policy cooperation
Inheritance of treaty rights and obligations
Upgrade missions to embassies
Description Post-war reparation settlements. These are on a global or country-to-country level, and would often involve one country giving another country some lump sum of money to pay for damages.
See Also 3CLAIM for reparations to individuals within a country.
Compensation for property loss
Compensation of war victims
Settlement of war claims
1STATU Status of Forces
Description Peacetime status of foreign military forces.
See Also 1OCUP for military occupation
9MILMI for military missions
9PRIVI for military privileges
Stationing of military units
Transitional authority of the UN
UN Peacekeeping forces
1TERRI Territorial Limits
Description National land and water boundaries determined by political decisions.
See Also 9BOUND for boundary maintenance, for routine administrative matters.
Delimitation of continental shelf
Demarcation or delimitation of boundaries
1TRUST UN Trusteeship
Description Establishment or operation of a UN trusteeship. Does not involve money in trust.
Establishment of operation of UN trusteeship
Matters falling broadly within the scope of government agencies in charge of labor, health, and welfare.
2HEW General Welfare
Description Matters concerning more than one topic in this group.
Description Humanitarian relief and rescue relating to shipwrecks, floods, earthquakes and other disasters. These involve short-term assistance for particular disasters that have occurred.
See Also 9ADMIN for disaster preparation in general
Coordination of disaster relief
Emergency food relief program
Search and rescue cooperation
Description Includes migratory labor, trade unions, and internships.
See Also 7EDUC for culture
4EDUC for educational aid
Exchange of student employees of workers
Migrant workers' regulations
Recruitment of workers
Temporary employment of workers
Workers' health of safety
2NARK Narcotics Control
Description Control of illegal drug production and traffic.
Curbing of illicit drug production and traffic
Description Refugees and repatriation.
See Also 9CITIZ
Housing of refugees
Movement of refugees
Protection of refugees
Repatriation of refugees
2SANIT Human Health
Description Disease control, public health, projects or techniques to aid public health and sanitation.
See Also 4MEDIC for medical aid.
Cooperation in health and medicine
Project on food processing effects
Public health and medical research
Sanitation of meat exports
Sanitation of shellfish
2SECUR Social Security
Description Social security, retirements, old age benefits, disability, unemployment compensation.
Insurance of migrant workers
Old age insurance
Transfer of pension rights
2WOMEN Status of Women
Description Legal status of women and issues of women's equality.
White slave traffic
Women's legal rights
Women's voting rights
Matters that are primarily economic in the sense of traditional international trade and payments. But for aid-supported transactions, see 4. Aid.
3CLAIM Claims, Debts, Assets
Description Claims regarding particular debts and assets, mainly concerning retrospective settlement. Claims for damages are analogous to a US suit for damages.)
See Also 4AID
Claims for damages
Consolidation of debts
Disposal of excess property
Release of assets
Repayment of loans
Transfer of assets
Unblocking of funds
3COMMO Raw Materials Trade
Description Trade in specific commodities, e. g. aluminum, cotton, rubber, fish, meat, phosphates, wool.
See Also 3PROD for finished goods trade
3TRADE for treaties about general trade
Cereals production and trade
Long-term wheat agreement
Sale of vegetable oil
3CUSTO Customs Duties
Description Custom rates and tariffs.
Duty free quotas
Free ports and free zones
Goods in border traffic
Restriction and control of imports
Interim GATT (when it deals mostly with customs)
3ECON Economic Cooperation
Description General economic cooperation and matters not covered elsewhere, or concerning more than one topic in Topic Group 3.
Joint stock transfers
Economic, industrial, and/or technical cooperation
Description Factories or entire industrial sectors.
See Also 8METAL for processing of metals as natural resources
Construction of factory
Cooperation in industrial sectors
3INVES Investment Guarantee
Description General guarantees for protection of investments.
See Also 4LOAN for financial aid.
Encouragement and protection of investments
Foreign investment insurance
3MOSTF Most Favored Nation Status
Description Traditional most-favored nation treatment as the main function of a treaty, rather than as an incidental clause.
Free trade and preferential treatment
Most favored nation treatments for ships/workers
Waiver of MFN clause
3PATEN Patents and Copyrights
Description Patents, copyrights, trademarks, intellectual property.
Inventions and trademarks
Marks of origin
Mutual copyright protection
3PAYMT Payments and Currency
Description Routine commercial payments and exchange rates.
See Also 3TRAPA for Trade and Payments
3CLAIM for commercial debts
Currency movements and exchange rates
Minimum Sterling proportion
Settlement of financial questions/matters
3PROD Products and Equipment
Description Finished goods, industrial products, equipment, facilities, installations, commercial as well as
See Also 3TRADE for General Trade
4MILIT for military aid
8METAL for metallurgy as resources
Delivery of machinery/equipment
Import quotas for products
Description Double taxation, tax exemptions, fiscal evasion
Avoidance of double taxation and fiscal evasion
Waiver of taxes
3TECH Technical Cooperation
Description Technical and scientific-technological cooperation and exchange between equally developed nations.
See Also 4TECA for Aid
7SCIEN under Culture
Cooperation in ice breaking technology
Data processing and teleprocessing
Industrial engineering and design
Scientific and technical cooperation
Description Promotion of tourism.
See Also 9VISAS under Administration
Cooperation in tourism
3TRADE General Trade
Description Trade not limited to any particular commodity.
See Also 3PROD for products or equipment
3COMMO for raw materials trade
3TRAPA for Trade and Payments
9CONSU for trade representation
Exchange of goods
Trade obstacles removed
3TRAPA Trade and Payments
Description Equal or similar emphasis on both.
See Also 3PAYMT for emphasis on payment
3TRADE for emphasis on trade
Barter and payments
Commerce and finance
Commodities exchange and payments
Exchange of goods and payments
Long-term trade and payments
Non-commercial transfers of goods, capital, or services.
4AGRIC Food or Agricultural Aid
Description Aid for foodstuffs, fertilizers, and agricultural products, equipment, and techniques. These projects are typically short-term: they have a limited lifespan.
See Also 4RESOU for long-term projects, such as irrigation.
8AGRIC for non-aid resource situations.
Agricultural sector projects
Assistance from World Food program
Sale of agricultural commodities (between developed and developing countries)
Small farmer training
4AID Unspecified Aid
Description Aid concerning more than one topic in topic group, or which does not fall into other topics.
See Also 4LOAN for financial cooperation between developed and developing countries, or if the treaty explicitly specifies a loan.
Aid for imports
Aid from A.I.D.
Contributions to UNIDO
Grant for economic development
Grassroots development initiative
Standard basic assistance
4ATOM Atomic Energy Aid
Description Aid for peaceful use of nuclear energy.
See Also 8ENERG for energy topics in general.
1ARMCO for control of nuclear reactors
Assistance in atomic reactor project
Assistance in supply of materials
Atomic power plant construction
Grant for nuclear research training equipment
Technical assistance in atomic energy
4EDUC Educational Aid
Description Aid for academic and vocational training.
See Also 7EDUC for exchange programs and cooperative projects
Establish college/university/school/technical institute
School feeding program
Training of skilled labor
4LOAN Financial Aid
Description Loans and other repayable financial aid, including World Bank projects; financial cooperation between developed and developing nations. Loans for purposes represented by other topics are classified under those topics, e.g. 4MILIT for loans for military equipment.
See Also 3INVES, 3CLAIM
Loans or credit for economic cooperation, economic development, structural adjustment, or
specifically described projects.
Private enterprise project
Small/medium enterprise project
4MEDIC Medical Aid
Description Aid for hospital construction and equipment, as well as organization of public health services.
See Also 2HUMAN is cases of disasters.
Basic health services
Family planning/contraception program
Health sector loan
Medical center construction
4MILIT Military Aid
Description Aid for military supplies, equipment, training.
See Also 9MILMI, 1ALLY
Production of defense equipment
Technical military cooperation
Training of forces in a developed country
4PCOR Peace Corps or other Volunteers
Description American Peace Corps and similar volunteer services of donor countries, e.g. European volunteers, Japanese volunteers.
Country X volunteers
4RESOU Resources Aid
Description Aid for the build-up of infrastructures to develop national resources.
See Also Topics under 8. Resources, for analogs in non-aid contexts.
Flood control and drainage project
Low income housing
Urban transport project
Water supply project
4TECA Technical Assistance
Description Non-financial aid through advisory services for modernization, chiefly short-term assistance projects. Do not use this topic for development credits. Between
IGO/developed nation and developing nation.
See Also 3TECH for economic projects
9ADMIN for programs between UK and former colonies
Associate experts to IGOs or UN
Operation and executive personnel
Scientific and technical cooperation (between a developed and developing nation)
Technical advisory assistance
4UNICE UNICEF Aid
Description Aid involving UN Children's Fund.
All forms of transportation by air, land, or water, including related infrastructures, e.g. ports, bridges, tunnels, navigation control facilities..
5AIR Air Transport
Description Air services, airlines, airports, landing rights.
Air route/schedule changes
Air traffic rights
Civil air transport
Establish air services
5LAND Land Transport
Description Road and rail transport including passengers, freight, bridges, tunnels.
Channel tunnel negotiations
Continued railroad construction
International road transport
Recognition of driving permits/licenses
5TRANS General Transport
Description Matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.
Transport company stock
Transport of goods
Transportation of goods and passengers
Water and air transport
5WATER Water Transport
Description Ocean, lake, river transport including passengers, freight, ports.
Joint shipping service
Omega navigation monitoring factory
Recognition of tonnage certificates of ships
Use of ports and waters
Transmission of mail and other information by traditional as well as electronic means.
Description General communications; matters concerning more than one topic in topic group.
Post and telegraph
6MEDIA Mass Media
Description Newspapers, radio, television, exchange of newsreels.
See Also 6TELCO for amateur radio operations
Assignment of TV channels
Cooperation between news agencies
Exchange of newsreels
Financial cooperation for radio stations
Mass media cooperation
Radio and TV broadcasting cooperation
6POST Postal Services
Description Rates and handling procedures for letters, parcels, and postal money orders.
Exchange of money orders
Exchange of postal parcels
Express mail service
Military air mail
Subscriptions to newspapers/magazines
Description Telephone and telegraph services, construction and operation of radar stations, allocation of frequencies.
Amateur radio operations
Exchange of radio specialists
High capacity microwave links
Radio channels in XMHz band
Exchanges and joint programs in cultural fields, broadly defined.
Description Theater, opera, ballet, films, books, sports; as well as matters concerning more than one topic in this topic group.
Exhibition of art treasures
Fairs and exhibitions
Import of books and films
Youth and sports matters
Description Student and teacher exchange, joint schools and programs, equivalence of degrees and diplomas, cooperation in educational projects. Primary emphasis on teachers/students from kindergarten to Ph.D.
See Also 4EDUC for educational aid.
Academies of science
Cooperation between universities
Cooperation in higher education
Status of schools
Description Not limited to any particular religion, but with religion as the primary focus of the treaty.
Appointment of bishops
Separation of diocese
Status of church property
7SCIEN Science and Technology
Description Research programs and exchanges in science and technology, weather stations, earth and ocean observations, cooperation between academies of science.
See Also 3TECH for economic aspects of scientific and technical cooperation
4TECA for technical assistance
7SPACE for space exploration
8ENERG for nuclear research or information
Global weather experiments
Scientific and technical cooperation (between academies of science)
Seismic research facility
7SEMIN Seminars and Conferences
Description UN sponsored and other seminars and conferences on specific issues. Typically treaties between the UN group and a host country.
Arrangements for meetings
UN Study tour
7SPACE Space Exploration and Research
Description Peaceful uses of outer space and related space technology, including satellites and orbital stations.
See Also 7SCIEN
Cooperation in outer space activities
Relations between space agencies
Space vehicle tracking
Tracking and telemetry network
Various programs that concern mainly the development and use of natural resources. But see also 4RESOU.
Description Fertilizer, experimental programs, pest and disease control, quarantine.
See Also 4AGRIC
Plant protection and quarantine
8CATTL Cattle or Fowl
Description Veterinary matters, vaccination, health certificates, crossboundary grazing, migratory birds.
Description All forms of energy.
See Also 4ATOM for atomic energy aid
4RESOU for resources aid
Deep sea drilling
Energy research and development
Fast breeder reactors
Information on nuclear installations
Notification of nuclear accidents
Nuclear research and information
Peaceful uses of nuclear energy
Radioactive waste storage/management
Transfer of enriched uranium
8ENVIR Environment or Ecology
Description Pollution control, wildlife protection by species or region, water quality, environmental
Fund for pollution damage
Hazardous waste materials
Lake water quality
Protect ozone layer
Sewage sludge processing
Description Fish and all other living marine animals as resources. Conditions and zones of conservation and harvesting.
See Also 3COMMO for fish as a traded commodity rather than a living resource.
Marine environment cooperation
Description Mining and processing of metals as natural resources.
See Also 3INDUS or 3PROD for mining equipment or mining industries.
4RESOU under Aid.
Cooperation in metallurgy
Deep seabed mining
Mineral resources research
Description Multiple use of water, e.g. irrigation, power, drinking.
Sharing of river water
Water quality monitoring
8WOOD Wood or Forestry
Description Forestry management, reforestation, logging, fire protection.
See Also 4RESOU for Aid.
Forest fire protection
Reforestation and forest regulation
Routine administrative matters incidental to, or independent of non-routine political treaties. But see also 1. Diplomacy.
Description Routine matters that don't fit into any other Topic or that concern more than one Topic in this Topic Group. Arrangements between IGOs to handle projects.
Basic cooperation involving an IGO
Employment of dependents of government officials
Employment of official government employees
Exchange of official publications
Memorandum of understanding
Mutual assistance in case of disasters
Programs between UK and former colonies
UK officers in former colonies
9BOUND Boundary Maintenance
Description Physical maintenance and marking of borders, e.g. bridges, tunnels, checkpoints, mapping.
See Also 1TERR as well as Topics in Topic Group 5: Transport.
Cooperation in frontier areas
9CITIZ Nationality or Aliens
Description Immigration, citizenship, nationality, minorities, military service requirements.
See Also 2REFUG for repatriation.
Military obligations of dual citizen
Description Consular matters including functions, buildings. Also includes business being transacted at
the diplomat/consul level.
9LEGAL Legal Procedures
Description Judicial assistance, enforcement of civil and criminal judgements.
See Also 9XTRAD
Civil liability for nuclear damage
Enforcement of maintenance order (alimony)
Execution of sentences
International access to justice
Torture and other punishments
Transfer of inmates
9MILIT Military Procedures
Description Routine military cooperation between equivalent countries
See Also 9MILMI
Atomic energy for mutual defense
Exchange of military information and personnel
Loan or lease of vessels and equipment
Military development and research
Military industrial cooperation
Prefinancing of NATO projects
Protection of classified information
Security of military information
Storage of defense materials
9MILMI Military Missions
Description Permanent military missions.
See Also 9MILIT, 9PRIVI, 4MILIT, 1STATU
Air force mission
Establishment of permanent operation location
Status of mission
9PRIVI Privileges and Immunities
Description Diplomatic immunities of governments and international organizations.
See Also 9MILIT, 9MILMI, 9CONSU, 1STATU
Customs immunity for diplomats
Legal status of IGO
Status of a delegation
9VISAS Visas and Passports
Description Visas and visa fees, regulation of movement of persons and goods across borders.
See Also 3TOUR
Abolition of visas
Diplomatic service passports
Movement of persons
Movement/acceptance/admission of persons at borders
Road and rail checkpoints
UN laisser - passer
Description Extradition and deportation.
See Also 9LEGAL for other judicial enforcement measures.
Extradition of criminals
Fugitives from justice
Removal of undesirable persons