* indicates session organizer
1. Disease and Identity
Chair And Commentator: Robert Nye (Oregon State University)
Eric Caplan (University of Chicago): "Anxiety and Identity: American Nervousness, 1809-1909"
*Daniela Barberis (University of Chicago): "Charcot's Conception of the Self"
Paul Lerner (Columbia University): "Jewish Neurologists in the 'German National Cause': Diagnosis and Identity in World War I"
Marc Roudebush (University of California, Berkeley): "The Nerves of the Nation: Hysteria and Its Treatment in France During World War I"
2. Constructing Deviants in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-century Mental Science
Chair and Commentator: Elizabeth Lunbeck (Princeton University)
Cheryce Kramer (University of Chicago): "Time as Totem: A Day in the Life of a Black Forest Asylum"
*John Carson (Wellcome Institute): "Between Law and Medicine: Mental Deficiency and Medical Jurisprudence"
Stephanie H. Kenen (University of California, Berkeley): "'The Current Hysteria Over Sex Offenders': Alfred Kinsey and the Study of Child Molestation"
Geoff Bunn (York University): "Constructing the Suspect: Examining the History of the Lie Detector"
3. Writing up in the Field: Darwin's Thoughts on Species while in South America
(Co-sponsored by the Pacific Circle)
Chair: Philip F. Rehbock (University of Hawaii)
Commentator: Henrika Kuklick (University of Pennsylvania)
Anne Larsen (Independent Scholar): "Does a Bird in the Hand Equal a Bird in the Book? Actual and Virtual Specimens in Early English Zoology, 1800-1840."
*Sandra Herbert (University of Maryland, Baltimore County): "Charles Darwin: Writing Up in the Field"
Jane Camerini (Independent Scholar): "Victorians in the Field"
Elizabeth A. Hanson (University of Pennsylvania): "Popular Science in the Field: Collecting Animals for the National Zoo, 1937-1940"
4. Revisiting American Biology Revisited
(Jointly Sponsored by HSS and the Forum for the History of Science in America) Chair: Philip Pauly (Rutgers University)
*Barbara A. Kimmelman (Philadelphia College of Textiles and Science): "Missing Links: Botany, Breeders, and Evolution, 1880-1920"
*Mark T. Hamel (University of Pennsylvania): "Table Settings: Tracking Research Techniques in American Food Science, 1880-1932"
Karen A. Rader (Harvard University): "Making Mice: The Intellectual and Institutional Origins of a Standard Biomedical Research Organism"
Co-Commentators: Jane Maienschein (Arizona State University) and Philip Pauly (Rutgers University)
5. Reference Works in the History of Science
Chair and Commentator: *Marc Rothenberg (Smithsonian Institution)
Clark A. Elliott (Harvard University): "Reference Tools and the Definition of a Field: The Case of History of Science in the United States"
Gregory A. Good (West Virginia University): "Boundaries, the Earth, and History: The Value of Casting the Net Widely"
John Lankford (Kansas State University): "Can (Should) Reference Works be Objective, Value-Free, and Neutral? A Rhetorical Question"
Helaine Selin (Hampshire College): "Making an Encyclopedia on the History of Non-Western Science"
6. Cosmic Crucibles: From Rhetoric to Reality
Chair and Commentator: To be determined
Barbara Becker (Southwest Regional Laboratory): "Intimate Relations: Breaching the Boundary between Terrestrial Physics and the Physics of the Sidereal Heavens"
David DeVorkin (Smithsonian Institution): "A Reconnaissance of New Territory: Astronomers Confront the Atom, 1900-1940"
*Karl Hufbauer (University of California, Irvine): "Physicists as Astrophysical Interlopers: Motives and Results, 1900-1940"
Sylvan S. Schweber (Brandeis University & Harvard University):"The Ultimate Cosmic-Crucible Question: 'Do the Laws of Nature Evolve?' "
7. Managing Nature: Science, Politics, and Environment in the West
Chair and Commentator: Gregg Mitman (University of Oklahoma)
Christian C. Young (University of Minnesota): "Wildlife Management and Scientific Expertise on the Kaibab Plateau"
Joseph E. Taylor, III (University of Washington): "Conjuring Salmon: Science and Institutions in American Fish Culture"
*Matthew W. Klingle (University of Washington): "Plying Atomic Waters: Lauren Donaldson and the 'Fern Lake Concept' of Watershed Management"
8. Experimentum Crucis and Other Myths: Textbook Treatments of Scientific Controversies
Chair and Commentator: Chris Ritter (University of California, Berkeley)
James Strick (Princeton University): "Pasteur and Tyndall on Spontaneous Generation: The Role of Biology Textbooks in Creating an Experimentum Crucis"
Shelley Costa (Cornell University): "'Our' Notation from Their Quarrel: The Leibniz-Newton Controversy as Embodied in Calculus Textbooks"
*Maria Trumpler (Yale University): "Defining Disciplinary Characteristics: Rhetorical Uses of the Galvani-Volta Debate in Physics and Physiology Textbooks"
Committee on Honors and Prizes, 12:00-1:30 pm Alumni Room
Committee on Education, 12:00-1:30 pm Big Ten Room
* Indicates session organizer(s)
9. Late Medieval and Early Modern Science
Chair: Michael Shank (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Alnoor Dhanani (Independent Scholar): "Impetus Theories of Motion in Medieval Islamic Natural Philosophy"
Gl A. Russell (Texas A & M University): "Vesalius and Hunayn Ibn Ishq on the Eye: A Case of Perceptual Determinism in Ocular Iconography"
Steven Eardley (University of Wisconsin, Madison): "The Pliny Debate and its Mythic Underpinings"
Ofer Gal (University of Pittsburgh): "Producing Knowledge in the Workshop II: Hooke's Clocks and Hooke's Law"
H. Floris Cohen (University of Twente): "Toward a New Big Picture of the Scientific Revolution: Some Introductory Considerations"
10. Science and Ideology
Collegiate Room Chair: Ben Harris (University of Wisconsin, Parkside)
Chris Dickson (Clemson University): "Kropotkin and the Science of Anarchism"
R. Lanier Anderson (Haverford College): "Rickert and Dilthey on the Human Sciences"
Jennifer Alexander (University of Washington): "Efficiency: A Scientific and Social Value in Weimar Germany"
Deborah Kamrut-Lang (Massachusetts Institute of Technology): "Redefining American Genetics: The American Response to Lysenko, 1932-1937"
11. Enlightenment Science and the Public Sphere
12. Life Sciences in the Field, Museum, and Laboratory
Chair: Evelynn Hammonds (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Amy Ackerberg (Iowa State University): "The Question of Race: James Cowles Prichard and Nineteenth-Century Ethnology"
Tracy Teslow (University of Chicago): "Anomaly or Standard?: Racial Science on Display at the Field Museum of Natural History"
Katherine Whalen (University of California, Davis): "Robert Boyle: Agricultural Literature and the Rhetoric of Experiment Reporting"
Abigail Lustig (University of California, Berkeley): "The Invention of Horticulture in Britain and France, 1750-1850"
Chair: Roger Stuewer (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis)
Vena Kostroun (University of California, Berkeley): "Another Look at the Origins of Statistical Physics"
Alan F. Chalmers (University of Sydney): "Maxwell's Lagrangian Formulation of Electromagnetic Theory"
John Jenkin (La Trobe University): "Henry Who?-Henry Hermann Leopold Adolph Brse, An Unknown Scientist Whose Influence was Nevertheless Profound"
Karl Hall (Harvard University): "Lev Landau and the Agonistic Field"
Gennady Gorelik (Boston University): "Theoretical Physicists in Social Practice"
14. 20th-century Biomedicine
Chair: Rima Apple (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Etienne Lepicard (The Hebrew University and Hadassah Medical School): "Alexis Carrel, An American Perspective"
Douglas Allchin (University of Minnesota): "The Unfinished History of Florigen (1937-?)"
Julia Rechter (University of California, Berkeley): "Of Men and Monkey Glands: Sex Hormones and Rejuvination in 1920s America"
Elizabeth Watkins (Harvard University): "Social Problem, Scientific Solution: The Conception of Oral Contraception"
Sally Smith Hughes (University of California, San Francisco and Berkeley): "The San Francisco AIDS Epidemic: The Initial Biomedical Response"
15. Science in Universities and Research Schools
Chair: Jim Capshew (Indiana University)
Bert Theunissen (Utrecht University): "Dutch Universities and the 'German Model': The Case of Pieter Harting"
Frans van Lunteren (University of Utrecht): "'From the Measurement to Knowledge': The Rise of Experimental Physics in the Netherlands"
Nadine Weidman (Harvard University): "Defining Interdisciplinarity: The 'Science of Man' at Yale's Institute of Human Relations"
16. Foundations of Scientific Knowledge
Chair: Arleen Tuchman (Vanderbilt University)
Linda Strauss (Pacific Northwest College of Art): "Stage Magicians, Spiritualists and Science in the Late Nineteenth Century"
Stephen P. Weldon (University of Wisconsin, Madison): "Defending Science Against Religion: Secular Intellectuals in Modern America"
William C. Summers (Yale University): "Concept Migration: The Case of 'The Target Theory' in Physics and Biology"
G. C. G. (Trudy) Dehue (University of Groningen): "Transfer of Thoughts, Transfer of Training, and Controlled Randomized Design"
3:30-5:30 pm Special Session in Honor of David C. Lindberg's
* Indicates session organizer(s)
"Perfecting Tradition and Re-thinking Revolution: Discarded Images and New Visions of the Scientific Revolution"
Chair: David C. Lindberg (University of Wisconsim, Madison)
A. Mark Smith (University of Missouri-Columbia): "Through a Glass Darkly: The Problem of Image-formation in Medieval and Renaissance Optics"
William B. Ashworth (University of Missouri-Kansas City): "Visual Perceptions: Images, Optics, and the Scientific Revolution"
Robert Hatch (University of Florida): "After Images: The Retina, the Witness, the Private Eye"
Commentator: Robert S. Westman (University of California-San Diego)
17. Toward a Physiology of the Mind
Chair and Commentator: R. Steven Turner (University of New Brunswick)
Michael Frampton (University of Chicago): "Embodiments of Will: the Investigation of Motor Physiology in Greek Antiquity"
*Karl Galle (University of Chicago): "Galvanism and the Physiological Demarcation of Sensation, Volition, and Involuntary Movement"
Gary Hatfield (University of Pennsylvania): "The Development of Natural Scientific Psychology: History and Myth"
18. Scientists as Theologians
>Chair and Commentator: Edward B. Davis (Messiah College)
Michael W. Tkacz (Gonzaga University): "Albert the Great: A Theologian on the Possibility of a Natural Science"
*William E. Carroll (Cornell College): "Galileo as Counter Reformation Exegete"
Kathy J. Cooke (Quinnipiac College): "Edwin Grant Conklin: The Theology and Science of Human Progress"
19. Biography and Styles of Science at Mt. Wilson Observatory:
Harlow Shapley, Edwin Hubble, and Walter Baade
Chair and Commentator: Ronald Brashear (The Huntington Library)
Barbara Welther (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory): "Harlow Shapley: The Daring Young Man With the New Cosmic Keys"
*Gale E. Christianson (Indiana State University): "Edwin Hubble: No Dreamy Realms of Speculation"
Don Osterbrock (Lick Observatory): "Walter Baade: Columbus of the Cosmos"
20. Contested Science in Seventeenth-century France
Chair: Elizabeth A. Williams (Oklahoma State University)
*Kathleen Wellman (Southern Methodist University): "Science at the Bureau d'adresse"
Martha Baldwin (Harvard University): "Going for the Jugular: Early Blood Transfusion Experiments"
Beverly Bengston Hill (Duke University): "Anatomy and Popular Scientific Culture in 17th-century France"
Estelle Cohen (University of Minnesota): "Presenting the New Anatomy at the Jardin du Roi: Pierre Dionis in Performance and Print, 1673-1782"
21. The Laboratory and the Classroom: Educational Reform in England, Germany and Sweden, Circa 1900
Chair and Commentator: Kathryn M. Olesko (Georgetown University)
Michael Nott (Sheffield Hallam University): "The Introduction of the Physics Laboratory in School Science Education: Keeping Scientists in Their Place"
Richard Staley (University of Cambridge): "Industrial Competition and Science Education: Comparing Cultures in the Anglo-German Education Reform Debates, Circa 1900"
*Thomas Kaiserfeld (Royal Institute of Technology): "The Teacher in the Laboratory: The Introduction of Experimental Work in the Swedish Secondary School Science Curriculum, 1905"
22. Strangers in the Land
*David I. Spanagel (Harvard University): "'To Ruin or Rule Us': American Anxieties About Resident European Geologists from 1812-1842"
Robert H. Silliman (Emory University): "Lyell and Agassiz in the Launching of American Geology"
Paul Lucier (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute): "Carpetbag Geology: Scientific Consultants in the Reconstruction South"
Commentator: Julie Newell (Southern College of Technology)
23. Popular and Professional Contexts of Evolutionary Biology after World War II
Chair: *Joel B. Hagen (Radford University)
Joel B. Hagen (Radford University): "'Darwin's Missing Evidence': The Popularization of H.B.D. Kettlewell's Experiments with Peppered Moths"
Dave W. Rudge (University of Pittsburgh): "The Use of Controls in Kettlewell's Investigations of the Peppered Moth, Biston betularia"
Richard W. Burkhardt, Jr. (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign): "Adaptive Radiation at Oxford: Niko Tinbergen and the Reformation of the Aims and Methods of Ethology"
Joe Cain (University of Minnesota): "Going Public: Post-Synthesis Popular Writings of George Gaylord Simpson"
24. Centennial of Roentgen's Discovery of X-Rays
Chair: *David J. Rhees (The Bakken Library and Museum)
Spencer Weart (American Institute of Physics): "Roentgen Before the Roentgen Rays"
Nahum Kipnis (The Bakken Library and Museum): "Physicists' Response to the Challenge of X-Rays, 1895-1912"
Joel Howell (University of Michigan): "Early Diagnostic Radiology: Machines, Pictures, and Power, 1895-1925"
Commentator: Nancy Knight (American College of Radiology)
Note: This session will be held at the Bakken Library and Museum.
Transportation to and from The Bakken will be provided.
Organizer: Liba Taub
Organizer: Michele Aldrich (AAAS)
History of Chemistry Roundtable, 7:30-9:00 pm
Chair: Seymour Mauskopf (Duke University)
Cosponsors: History of Chemistry Interest Group, Chemical Heritage Foundation, Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry, and the History of Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society
William Brock (University of Leicester)
Mary Jo Nye (Oregon State University)
Arnold Thackray (Chemical Heritage Foundation)
Alan Rocke (Case Western University)
Journal of the History of Biology, Panel Discussion, 7:30-9:00 pm
"Writing the History of Life: New Orientations," moderated by Everett Mendelsohn (Harvard) Angela Creager (Princeton)-Biotechnology
Deborah Fitzgerald (MIT)-Agriculture
Lisbet Koerner (Harvard)-Biology and Early Modern Culture
Timothy Lenoir (Stanford)-The Computer Revolution and Biology
Gregg Mitman (Oklahoma)-Ecologies and Environments
Katharine Park (Wellesley)-Biology and Sexuality
Committee on Diversity, 8:00-9:00 am
Book Exhibit, 8:00am-5:00 pm
H.H. Humphrey Room
25. What Makes Us Move?
(Co-sponsored by HSS and the Forum for History of Human Science)
Chair and Commentator: Garland E. Allen (Washington University)
*Onno G. Meijer (Free University): "Introduction: What Makes Us Move? Locomotion Studies in the 19th and 20th Centuries"
*Mary Mosher Flesher (Smith College): "Moving in Space, Marching in Time: The Weber Brothers"
Onno G. Meijer (Free University): "No Two Movements are Ever the Same: Nikolai Bernstein"
Rob Bongaardt (Free University): "Quick and Dirty Moves: Gel'fand and Tsetlin"
26. Revisiting Gender, Nature, and the Laboratory
Chair: *Evelynn Hammonds (Massachusetts Institute of Technology)
Co-Organizers: HSS Committee on Women Co-Chairs, Angela N. H. Creager (Princeton University) and Evelynn Hammonds (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Alison Li (York University): "Negotiating Meanings: Hormones in Defining Sex and Gender"
Evelyn Fox Keller (Massachusetts Institute of Technology): "Developmental Biology as a Feminist Cause?"
Londa Schiebinger (Pennsylvania State University): "Gender Analyses of Science: Is Critique Enough?"
Terri Hopper (Princeton University): "'Radioactive Ladies and Gentlemen': Women and Men of the Radioactivity Community, 1919-1939"
Commentator: Norton Wise (Princeton University)
27. Emile Durkheim and Philosophy of Science
Sponsored by the Society for the History of the Philosophy of Science (HOPOS) Chair: *Cassandra L. Pinnick (Western Kentucky University)
Sharon Crasnow (Riverside Community College): "Functionalism in Sociology and the Problem of Social Change"
Warren Schmaus (Illinois Institute of Technology): "A Functionalist Theory of the Categories"
James Maffie (California State University, Northridge): "Epistemology in the Face of Strong Sociology of Knowledge"
Stephen Turner (University of South Florida): "Durkheim's Prerogative Instances"
Jean Elisabeth Pedersen (University of Rochester): "Durkheimian Social Science and the Feminist Sociology of Knowledge: A Response to Warren Schmaus's Durkheim's Philosophy of Science and the Sociology of Knowledge"
28. Part I: Shaping the Contours of the 'New Biology', 1930-1960:
Redefining Disciplinary Boundaries
[Part II: see session 51, Sunday, 9:00-11:45 am]
Chair: Doris T. Zallen (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University)
William Bechtel (Washington University): "Defining Cell Biology: Explicit Activities Directed at Defining the Discipline"
*D. George Joseph (Yale University): "F. O. Schmidt and the Physiological Tradition in Early Molecular Biology, 1927-1955"
Susan B. Spath (University of California, Berkeley): "Mediating Among Disciplines from Physics to Molecular Biology: C. B. van Niel's Course in 'General Microbiology', 1932-1962"
Judy Johns Schloegel (Indiana University): "Negotiating the Boundaries of Microbial Genetics: Tracy M. Sonneborn and the Margin and Main stream in the 'New Biology"
29. Huygens's Legacy
Joella Yoder (Independent Scholar): "The Lost de motu and the Found de vi"
Andrea Murschel (University of Chicago): "The Development and Design of Huygens's 'Automaton Planetarii"
*Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis (University of Twente): "Huygens's Dioptrica: Science and Technology in The 17th Century"
Commentator: Albert van Helden (Rice University)
30. Part I: The Earth Sciences in the Nineteenth & Early Twentieth Centuries [Part II: see session 46, Saturday, 3:30-5:40]
Co-sponsored by HSS and Friends of GeoClio
Chair : Ronald Rainger (Texas Tech University)
Co-Organizers: David K. van Keuren (Naval Research Laboratory); and Ronald Rainger (Texas Tech University)
Helen Rozwadowski (University of Pennsylvania): "Naturalists, Yachtsmen, and the Navy: Patronage and Nineteenth-Century Oceanography"
Gary E. Weir (Naval Historical Center): "Necessity Is The Mother Of Oceanography: Scripps and the U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office, 1919-1936"
Naomi Oreskes (Dartmouth College): "Looking For A Few Good Women: The Bathythermograph and Military Patronage of Feminized Scientific Labor"
Commentator: James R. Fleming (Colby College)
31. History of Science and the Rhetoric of Science
Chair: John A. Campbell (University of Memphis)
*Michael S. Reidy (University of Minnesota): "The Historical Development of the Scientific Article"
Joseph Harmon (Argonne National Laboratory): "A Rhetorical Approach to the History of the Article"
Alan Gross (University of Minnesota): "The Convergence of Rhetoric and History Illustrated: The Discovery of Chlorine"
Peter Robert Dear (Cornell University): "Rhetoric as Topic and as Tool in the History of Science"
Chair: James Evans (University of Puget Sound)
James Evans (University of Puget Sound): "The Life of Numbers: Toward a History of the Star Declinations in Almagest VII, 3"
Richard Kremer (Dartmouth College) and Jerzy Dobrzycki (Institute for the History of Science, Warsaw): "Peurbach and Maraghan Astronomy: The Astronomical Tables of Johannes Angelus and their Implications"
Rienk H. Vermij (University of Groningen): "The Debate on Copernicanism in the Dutch Republic in the Seventeenth Century"
Thomas G. Franzel (Oregon State University): "The Strange and Checkered Career of Carrington's Law"
Committee on Meetings and Programs, 12:00-1:30pm
Committee on Research and the Profession, 12:00-1:30pm
Committee on Publications, 12:00-1:30pm
NEH Discussion Group, "History of Science and Technology in Integrated Education: The NEH-NSF-FIPSE Leadership Opportunity in Science and Humanities Education (LOSHE), 12:00-1:30pm
Big Ten Room
Chair and Comment: Daniel P. Jones, (National Endowment for the Humanities)
Deborah J. Coon (University of New Hampshire): "The Origins and Goals of the LOSHE Program"
Michael Gorman (University of Virginia): "Using Case Studies to teach Invention to Engineering and Humanities Undergraduates"
Arleen Tuchman (Vanderbilt University): "An Interdisciplinary Minor in Science, Technology, and Humanities"
*Michael Sokal (National Endowment for the Humanities and Worcester Polytechnic Institute): "The Future of the Joint S&H Program"
Daniel P. Jones "The Future of the National Endowment for the Humanities"
Forum for the History of Human Sciences, Business Meeting,
12:00 - 1:30 pm
33. Living Systems in the Age of Reason
Chair: Shirley Roe (University of Connecticut)
Sarah J. Lewis (Yale University): "Jean Pecquet (1622-1674) and Medical Science in Seventeenth-Century France"
Javier Moscoso (Harvard University): "The Deviant as Normative: The 'Scientific Uses' of Physical Abnormalities During the Mid-18th Century"
Carlos Lopez-Beltran (National University of Mexico): "Les Maladies Hrditaires: 18th Century Disputes in France"
Andrea Rusnock (Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute): "Macrographia; Or, the Study of Population in the 18th Century"
Louise E. Robbins (University of Wisconsin, Madison): "Exotic Animals in Eighteenth-Century France"
34. Conservation and Ecology
Chair: Lynn Nyhart (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Mark G. Madison (Harvard University): "From Plow to Bough: John Burroughs and the Origins of Agrarian Conservation"
Robert Lovely (Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters): "The Food Studies of Stephen A. Forbes: Prelude to Ecology"
Sara F. Tjossem (University of Minnesota): "The Search for Human Ecology"
Eugene Cittadino (Independent Scholar): "Lebensraum and Lebensgemeinshaft: Ecology and Ideology in Interwar Germany"
35. Laws of Nature, Laws of State
Chair: Michael Sokal (Worcester Polytechnic Institute)
Daniel Brown (University of Cambridge): "Bentham, Brougham and the 'Rational' Reform of English Law"
Tal Golan (University of California, Berkeley): "Science on The Witness Stand"
Shari Rudavsky (University of Pennsylvania): "Silent Star: Why the Blood Test Had No Say in the Chaplin Paternity Case"
John P. Jackson (University of Minnesota): "A Failed Union: The NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund's Committee of Social Science Consultants"
36. Beyond Western Science
Chair:Nancy Slack (Russel Sage College)
Fa-Ti Fan (University of Wisconsin, Madison): "Botany in Ch'ing China"
Florence Hsia (University of Chicago): "Antoine Gaubil (1689-1759), Historian of Chinese Astronomy"
Matthew Robert Goodrum (Indiana University): "Confronting the Knowledge of the Other: Early Interpretations of the Mayan Calendar and the Question of a Mayan Astronomy"
Abha Sur (Harvard University): "Saha and the Development of Modern Indian Science"
37. Scientists, Identity, and Professionalization
Chair: Susan Lindee (University of Pennsylvania)
Sylvia W. McGrath (Stephen F. Austin State University): "Training Women for Science: Frieda Cobb Blanchard and Her Mentors"
Richard H. Beyler (German Historical Institute): "The Figure of the 'Dangerous Specialist' in Post-1945 Critiques of Science and Technology in Germany"
David Kaiser (Harvard University): "'Skins as Tough as Leather': The Making of Young Physicists at Harvard in the 1950s"
Anders Lundgren (Uppsala University): "Engineers Turned Scientists? The Formation of the Swedish Chemical Society"
38. Modern Physical Science
Chair: Diana Barkan (California Institute of Technology)
Xiang Chen (California Lutheran University): "The Role of Procedural Knowledge in the 'Optical Revolution'"
Edward Jurkowitz (Rathenau Fellowship): "The Conceptualization of 'Coherence' in Superconductors"
Andrea I. Woody (University of Pittsburgh): "Quantum Mechanics Meets the Chemical Bond: A Story of Conceptual Development and Mathematical Representation"
Peter Ramberg (Johns Hopkins University): "Stereochemistry in Gemany: Research Schools, Discipline Formation, and National Styles in Science"
39. Science in 19th-century England
Chair: Tim Alborn (Harvard University)
David A. Valone (California Institute of Technology): "William Whewell's Reading of Maria Edgeworth: Gender, Morality, and the Creation of the Scientific Persona"
Sonia Uyterhoeven (University of Cambridge): "'A Plunge into Unmitigated Materialism': Student Debates on Science, Education, and Tripos Reform in Late Victorian Cambridge"
Sergio F. Martinez (Instituto de Investigaciones Filosoficas): "Chance as an Explanatory Factor in Darwin's Theory and its Implications for the Understanding of the Reception of the Theory"
Marvin Bolt (University of Notre Dame): "Early Nineteenth-century Science and Society: Sir John Herschel, Scientism, and Political Economy"
Michael J. Crowe (University of Notre Dame) and David R. Dyck (University of Winnipeg): "The John Herschel Correspondence Project"
40. Scientific Institutions in Post-War America
(Jointly Sponsored by HSS and the Forum for the History of Science in America)
Chair: Alex Pang (University of California, Berkeley)
Irving Fernando Elichirigoity (California Institute of Technology): "From Servomechanisms to Planet Management: The Emergence of System Dynamics"
Kregg M. Fehr (Texas Tech University): "Clouds Over Washington: A History of U.S. Civil Defense, 1948-1963"
Patrick A. Catt (Indiana University): "'Science On the Barricades': Physical Scientists and the Relevancy Issue of Military Support for Basic Research in America, 1965-70"
Judy E. O'Neill (Charles Babbage Institute): "Managing Cold War Science: The Department of Defense's Program in Computer Science Research, 1962-1972"
Jordan D. Marche, II (Indiana University): "The Planetarium in America, 1930-1970: A Social History"
41. Cancer's Causes: Knowledges and Practices
Chair and Commentator: Charles Rosenberg (University of Pennsylvania)
Nathaniel Comfort (SUNY, Stony Brook and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory): "Rous's Reception: Tumor Viruses in the Context of the Germ Theory"
*Christopher Sellers (New Jersey Institute of Technology, Rutgers-Newark): "Culture of Disbelief: Agnosticism Towards Environmental Cancer Among American Medical Researchers of the 1930s and 1940s"
Robert N. Proctor (Pennsylvania State University): "Did Nazi Cancer Policy Influence German Cancer Rates?
42. Gender and the Pursuit of Knowledge in Early Modern Europe
Chair and Commentator: Margaret Jacob (The New School for Social Research)
Deborah Harkness (Colgate University): "Managing an Experimental Household: The Case of Jane Dee"
*Paula Findlen (University of California, Davis): "Perilous Endeavor: The Moral Status of the Early Modern Female Natural Philosopher"
Mary Terrall (Independent Scholar): "Metaphysics, Mathematics and the Gendering of Science in 18th-century France"
43. Positivism: 19th and 20th Century
Sponsored by the Society for the History of the Philosophy of Science (HOPOS)
Chair: Don Howard (University of Kentucky)
Organizer: Daniel Garber (University of Chicago)
Robert DiSalle (University of Western Ontario): "Reconsidering Ernst Mach on Space, Time, and Motion"
George A. Reisch (University of Chicago): "How Postmodern was Neurath's Idea of Unified Science?"
Grol Irzik (Bogazici University): "Linguistic Frameworks, Theories, and Normal Science"
Commentator: Alan Richardson (University of British Columbia)
44. The Provinces and the Biomedical Sciences: A Comparative Perspective
Chair and Commentator: Thomas Broman (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Anita Guerrini (University of California, Santa Barbara): "A Scot Abroad in the Eighteenth Century"
*Elizabeth A. Williams (Oklahoma State University): "Vitalism and the Montpellier-Paris Rivalry"
Marsha Richmond (Wayne State University): "Romanticism and the Institutionalization of Naturphilosophie in Bavaria"
45. Galileo and the Churches
Chair: Richard S. Westfall (Indiana University)
Giancarlo Nonnoi (University of Gagliari): "Bishop Wilkins and Galileo"
*Michael Segre (University of Munich): "Galileo, John Paul II and Etiquette"
Maurice A. Finocchiaro (University of Nevada, Las Vegas): "Toward a Critical History of the Galileo Affair, 1633-1995"
Commentator: Robert S. Westman (University of California, San Diego)
46. Part II: The Earth Sciences In the Postwar Period
[Part I: see session 30, Saturday, 9:00-11:45 am]
Co-sponsored by HSS and Friends of GeoClio
Chair: Michele Aldrich (American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Ronald E. Doel (Smithsonian Institution and Georgetown University): "The Military Origins of U.S. Environmental Science, 1945-1965"
*David K. van Keuren (Naval Research Laboratory): "Drilling To The Mantle: Project Mohole and Federal Support for the Earth Sciences After Sputnik"
Kai-Henrik Barth (University of Minnesota): "Detecting The Cold War: Seismology and Nuclear Weapons Tests"
Commentator: Michael A. Dennis (Cornell University)
47. Varieties of Experiment
Chair and Commentator: Phillip Sloan (University of Notre Dame)
Rose-Mary Sargent (Merrimack College): "Exploratory Experiments: Scientists at Play"
*Craig R. Stillwell (Michigan State University): "Reaping the Errors of Nature: 'Experiments of Nature' in 20th-century Medical Science"
Mary M. Thomas (University of Minnesota): "The Nature of Measurement and the Measurement of Nature: Instruments, Experiments, and the Transfer of Tools and Techniques"
48. Becoming a Science: Observation, Theory and Aesthetics in Twentieth-century Cosmology
Chair: Joann Eisberg (University of California, Santa Barbara)
Helge Kragh (University of Olso): "Art, Dogma, or Science? The Discussion of Cosmology's Scientific Status in the 1950s and 1960s."
Woodruff T. Sullivan, II (University of Washington): "The Invisible Universe: Radio Stars and Cosmology in the 1950s"
JoAnn Palmeri (University of Oklahoma): "Scientists and the Postwar Popularization of Cosmology"
*Joann Eisberg (University of California, Santa Barbara): "'A Brief, Bright Pattern': Beatrice Tinsley, Cosmology, and the Evolution of Galaxies."
HSS Distinguished Lecture: A.I. Sabra, Harvard University
Mayo Auditorium, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 6:00-7:00 pm
HSS President's Reception, 7:00-8:00pm (for HSS prize and award
HSS Pre-Banquet Reception, 7:00-8:00pm
Ballroom Prefunction Area, Faculty Room
HSS Banquet, 8:00-10:00pm
HSS Graduate Student Reception, 10:00 pm
HSS Business Meeting, 8:00-9:00 am
Book Exhibit, 8:00 am-12:00 pm
H.H. Humphrey Room
49. Psychotherapy in North America
(Jointly Sponsored by HSS and the Forum for the History of Science in America) Chair and Commentator: Anne Harrington (Harvard University)
*Hans Pols (University of Pennsylvania): "Seeing One's Problems Frankly in the Face: Moral Reeducation as Psychotherapy, 1900-1920"
Kathleen W. Jones (Virginia Polytechnic and State University): "Assessing the Child's Input: Psychiatrist-Patient Relationships in the Origins of Child Guidance"
Rachel I. Rosner (York University): "Is Cognitive Therapy a Wolf in Sheep's Clothing? The Psychoanalytic Agenda of Aaron Beck's Cognitive Therapy"
50. Science and Religion in Early Modern Europe: New Perspectives
Chair: *Margaret J. Osler (University of Calgary)
Peter Barker (University of Oklahoma): "Religion and Natural Philosophy in Lutheran Responses to Copernicus"
Margaret J. Osler (University of Calgary): "From Immanent Natures to Nature as Artifice: The Reinterpretation of Final Causes in 17th-century Natural Philosophy"
Jan W. Wojcik (Auburn University): "Robert Boyle, Isaac Newton, and the 'Universal Hypothesis'"
James E. Force (University of Kentucky): "The New Jerusalem and the Old Athens: Newton's Synthesis (Again)"
51.Part II: Shaping the Contours of the 'New Biology', 1930-1960:
Institutional Context and National Style
[Part I: see session 28, Saturday, 9:00-11:45 am]
Regents Room Chair: Robert C. Olby (University of Pittsburgh)
Organizer: D. George Joseph (Yale University)
Soraya de Chadarevian (University of Cambridge): "From Biophysics to Molecular Biology: Institutional and Disciplinary Strategies in Post-war Britain"
Nicolas Rasmussen (University of Sydney): "Midcentury Biophysics: The Atom Bomb and the Origins of Molecular Biology in America"
Angela N. H. Creager (Princeton University): "Building on Viruses at Berkeley: Wendell Stanley's Strategies (and Failures) in Reconfiguring Post-war Biology"
Peter Westwick (University of California, Berkeley): "Medical Physics at Berkeley: The Institutional Situation of an Emerging Discipline"
Commentator: Pnina G. Abir-Am (Boston University)
52. The Local and the International: Cultures of Science in Early Modern Germany
Chair: Bruce T. Moran (University of Nevada, Reno)
Steven J. Harris (Brandeis University): "Concentrating Nature: Jesuit Natural History in the German Assistancy"
*Alix Cooper (Harvard University): "Decoding The Domestic: The Emergence of the Local Natural History in Germany"
*Marcus Hellyer (University of California, San Diego): "Libertas Philosophandi or Soliditas Sententiae?: Jesuit Physics in Early Modern Germany"
Bruce T. Moran (University of Nevada, Reno): "Faith, Scripture, and Alchemy: Libavius vs. the Jesuits"
53. Science in the American West
(Jointly Sponsored by HSS and the Forum for the History of Science in America)
Chair: Robert W. Seidel (Charles Babbage Institute)
David Strauss (Kalamazoo College): "A 'Proper' Bostonian on Mars Hill: Percival Lowell and His Observatory"
*George E. Webb (Tennessee Technological University): "The Scientific Community in the Far West, 1910"
Judith R. Goodstein (California Institute of Technology): "Mathematics at Caltech in Millikan's Time"
Commentator: Keith R. Benson (University of Washington)
54. German Scientists from Nazism to Socialism: Three Case Studies
Chair: Kristie Macrakis (Michigan State University)
*Dieter Hoffmann (FSP Wissenschaftsgeschichte): "Scientist, Anti-Nazi, Stalinist, Dissident: Robert Havemann - A German Life"
Mark Walker (Union College): "Friedrich Mglich: The Prodigal Son"
Mitchell G. Ash (University of Iowa): "Mobilizing Resources, Constructing Continuities: Kurt Gottschaldt and Psychological Twin Research in Nazi and Socialist Germany"
Commentator: Kristie Macrakis (Michigan State University)
55. History of Mathematics
Chair: Bruce Hevly (University of Washington)
Madeline M. Muntersbjorn (University of Toledo): "Covert Algebra? Fermat and the Treatise on Rectification 1660"
Lisa Shabel (University of Pennsylvania): "Kant's Philosophy of Mathematics in its Historical Context"
Francesca Bordogna (University of Chicago): "Mathematical Practices and Underlying Philosophies: A Nineteenth-century Case Study"
Berna Kilic Eden (University of Chicago): "From Formal Logic to the Frequency Theory: Venn and Peirce in the Quantification of Syllogism"
56. Science in the Field
Chair: Sally Gregory Kohlstedt (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis)
Nicolaas A. Rupke (University of Gttingen): "Humboldt's Fame"
Robinson M. Yost (Iowa State University): "Voyages, Instruments and Theories: The Study of Terrestrial Magnetism in Great Britain, 1780s-1830s"
Lodewijk C. Palm (University of Utrecht): "Dutch Shipworm Research 1858-1870: Science for the Safety of the People"
Janet Garber (Independent Scholar): "'For Fear of Increasing the Confusion': Sixteenth- to Nineteenth-century Attempts to Make Sense of the Natural World"
Mark V. Barrow, Jr. (Virginia Polytechnic and State University): "Alternative Visions: Scientific Ornithologists and the Rise of Birdwatching in the United States"
9:00-11:45 am Special Session Sponsored by HSS Committee on Education:
"Teaching the Histories of Non-western Scientific Traditions"
Chair: Douglas Allchin (Independent Scholar)
James Bartholomew (Ohio State University): "Teaching the History of Japanese Science"
Thomas Glick (Boston University): "Teaching the History of Latin American Science"
William Summers (Yale University): "Teaching the History of Chinese Science"
Gloria Emeagwali (Central Connecticut State University): "Teaching the History of African Science"
William Johnson (Texas Tech University): "Teaching the History of Science in India"
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