Dr. Rose’s and his lab’s research is focused on herpesviruses implicated in cellular transformation and tumor induction, and in the study of host and viral proteins that mediate these effects. In particular, they are studying the viral etiology of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and other AIDS-related malignancies with regards to the interactions between viruses (retroviruses and herpesviruses) and cytokines in virus activation and tumor induction. Their research focuses on the Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and its homologs in non-human primates. They discovered the macaque homolog of KSHV and are studying its association with a Kaposi’s sarcoma-like malignancy in macaques, called retroperitoneal fibromatosis (RF), which like AIDS-KS is associated with a retrovirus infection. RF occurs in conjunction with simian AIDS (SAIDS) caused by infection with simian retrovirus 2 (SRV2) or SIV, the simian homolog of HIV. They have identified a second lineage of KSHV-like rhadinoviruses in macaques and are studying its role in RF and other macaque tumors. Ongoing projects include the cloning and sequence of the genome of the new macaque herpesvirus, the identification and characterization of cellular receptors mediating infection by KSHV, the comparative analysis of KSHV and its simian homologs and their role in tumor induction in association with HIV-induced immunosuppression, the characterization of latency and the activating switch to herpesvirus replication, and the development of diagnostic tests for novel viruses.
University of California (San Diego), BA, Biology, 1972
University of Geneva (Switzerland), PhD, Molecular Biology, 1981
- Rose TM, Henikoff JG, Henikoff S (2003). CODEHOP (COnsensus-DEgenerate Hybrid Oligonucleotide Primer) PCR primer design. Nucleic Acids Res 31(13):3763-3766.
- Rose TM, Ryan JT, Schultz ER, Raden BW, Tsai CC (2003). Analysis of 4.3 kilobases of divergent locus B of macaque retroperitoneal fibromatosis-associated herpesvirus reveals a close similarity in gene sequence and genome organization to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus. J Virol 77(9):5084-5097.
- Bielefeldt-Ohmann H, Barouch DH, Bakke AM, Bruce AG, Durning M, Grant R, Letvin NL, Ryan JT, Schmidt A, Thouless ME, Rose TM (2005). Intestinal stromal tumors in a simian immunodeficiency virus-infected, simian retrovirus-2 negative rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta). Vet Pathol 42(3):391-396.
- Bruce AG, Bakke AM, Thouless ME, Rose TM (2005). Development of a real-time QPCR assay for the detection of RV2 lineage-specific rhadinoviruses in macaques and baboons. Virol J 2:2.
- Rose TM (2005). CODEHOP-mediated PCR - a powerful technique for the identification and characterization of viral genomes. Virol J 2:20.
- Bruce AG, Bakke AM, Bielefeldt-Ohmann H, Ryan JT, Thouless ME, Tsai CC, Rose TM (2006). High levels of retroperitoneal fibromatosis (RF)-associated herpesvirus in RF lesions in macaques are associated with ORF73 LANA expression in spindleoid tumour cells. J Gen Virol 87(Pt 12):3529-3538.
- Burnside KL, Ryan JT, Bielefeldt-Ohmann H, Gregory Bruce A, Thouless ME, Tsai CC, Rose TM (2006). RFHVMn ORF73 is structurally related to the KSHV ORF73 latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) and is expressed in retroperitoneal fibromatosis (RF) tumor cells. Virology 354(1):103-115.
- Philipp-Staheli J, Marquardt T, Thouless ME, Bruce AG, Grant RF, Tsai CC, Rose TM (2006). Genetic variability of the envelope gene of Type D simian retrovirus-2 (SRV-2) subtypes associated with SAIDS-related retroperitoneal fibromatosis in different macaque species. Virol J 3:11. PMCID: PMC1450265.
- Garrigues HJ, Rubinchikova YE, Dipersio CM, Rose TM (2008). Integrin alphaVbeta3 Binds to the RGD motif of glycoprotein B of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and functions as an RGD-dependent entry receptor. J Virol 82(3):1570-1580. PMCID: PMC2224453.
- Yilmaz O, Yao L, Maeda K, Rose TM, Lewis EL, Duman M, Lamont RJ, Ojcius DM (2008). ATP scavenging by the intracellular pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis inhibits P2X7-mediated host-cell apoptosis. Cell Microbiol 10(4):863-875. PMCID: PMC2637656.