Enabling scientific discovery through stable isotope analysis
Analysis of Organic δ13C δ15N
Summary: We use a Costech Elemental Analyzer, Conflo III, MAT253 for a continuous flow based measurement of our solid organic material δ13C and δ15N.

Reference Materials: We have an assortment of in-house standards calibrated against the international reference materials NBS19, LSVEC, IAEA-N-1, USGS32, USGS40, and USGS41.

Sample submission: If you are interested in submitting samples for this type of analysis, please contact us using the contacts below. We prefer 40 µg of nitrogen and 70 µg of carbon for accurate analysis. We recommend loading samples in either 5x9 mm or 3.5x5 mm tin capsules and using a standard 96 well plate to transport them. If samples have unknown quantities of nitrogen or carbon, we recommend running test samples of your material for content analysis. Please include in your shipment container the following form (pdf or doc).

Exhaustive description of analysis: Samples are flash combusted at 1000 °C with excess oxygen in a Costech ECS 4010 Elemental Analyzer (EA) equipped with a zero-blank autosampler. The combustion column was packed with cobaltous oxide for a combustion aid and silvered cobaltous oxide to scrub sulfur compounds. A helium carrier set to 80 mL / min moved combustion products through a 650 °C reduced copper column to ensure complete reduction of NOx compounds to N2 and also to absorb all excess oxygen. Sample gases were then carried through a magnesium perchlorate trap to absorb all water and then through a 3 m gas chromatography column to separate N2 from CO2. The EA efluent flows into a ThermoFinnigan Conflo III where the stream is split to reduce the flow rate from 80 mL / min to 2 mL / min. The reduced flow rate then flows through an open split with excess helium via fused silica capillary tubing. A pressure differential between the ThermoFinnigan MAT253 isotope ratio mass spectrometer and the Conflo III along fused silica capillary tubing allows helium and sample gas to move into the electron bombardment source for subsequent ionization, acceleration, focusing, separation, and measurement of masses 28, 29 for δ15N and 44, 45, 46 for &delta13C. Internal laboratory reference materials are interspersed with samples for a two point calibration which allows for blank correction and conversion to the δ15N Air-N2 and the δ13C VPDB scales. See here for a complete listing of international and internal laboratory reference materials on hand in the IsoLab.

Calculations: The IsoDat software provided δ15N and δ13C values relative to the respective reference gas cylinders (along with all other selected data) are imported into a matlab script for data reduction. A linear regression is completed, independently for δ15N and δ13C, using the raw δ values and the accepted values of our internal reference materials. All data are corrected to the Air-N2 scale, for δ15N, and to the VPDB scale, for δ13C using these respective linear equations. Precision and accuracy are estimated for each run using a third internal reference material that is treated as an unknown. Reference materials are chosen to flank the sample range in δ15N and δ13C values. See here for a complete listing of international and internal laboratory reference materials on hand in the IsoLab.

Suggested reading:

Fry B, Brand W, Mersch FJ, Tholke K, Garritt R. Automated analysis system for coupled δ13C and δ15N measurements. Analytical Chemistry 64, 288-291. (1992).