Civil Rights and Labor History Consortium / University of Washington

IWW Members Killed year by year 1907-1974

By DJ Alperovitz

These maps and timeline detail the deaths of more than 170 I.W.W members. While giving a talk on the Trilogy of I.W.W. martyrs, Joe Hill, Frank Little, and Wesley Everest, the realization came that these were but a few members that had been killed. I then began the I.W.W.s Killed Project, compiling the data represented here. What has been complied is a list of I.W.W. members and innocent bystanders who were killed while organizing, striking, taking direct action, or for carrying a Red Card. These members and bystanders were shot, stabbed, beaten, tortured, starved, strangled, lynched, drowned, disappeared, or executed. Some were killed standing their ground in the company of their Fellow Workers and were buried with ceremony and stone, others died not only alone but also unknown and were consigned to an unmarked paupers grave.

These maps and charts are hosted by Tableau Public and may take a few seconds to respond. If slow, refresh the page.

Move between two maps. Scroll below maps for Timeline and details about each victim.

Sources: The I.W.W.s Killed Project was started in 2013 and to date has compiled extensive information on more than 170 victims. Files on each victim can be viewed at the project online archive.

Clarification: After publishing the first list in 2013 a number of I.W.W. members objected to the inclusion of innocent bystanders, miscarriages of women strikers brought on by police violence, or those alleged to have been I.W.W.s. It is my position that we should honor as our own the deaths that occurred during I.W.W. led strikes or during I.W.W. repression. Even if they were not directly involved with our Union, having died in our name they are one of us. Deaths of those that fought in Spain are Wobblies that Indicated their I.W.W. affiliation when enlisting. Some died directly from carrying a Red Card. Some of the names listed have been adjusted to correspond with their families spelling rather than that of the press, previously published works, or even the government’s. Research has identified five I.W.W.s whose names were thought unknown. This is an ongoing project with new materials added periodically as sourced. All errors and omissions are the solely the responsibility of the compiler DJ Alperovitz x364631.

Timeline and detail about victims

Below is a month by month list of the victims and circumstances of death.

Date Name Place Circumstances
August 28, 1907 Unidentified I.W.W.  Cobalt, Ontario  Killed on the picket line when scabs overloaded a charge at the mine
August 12, 1909 Stjepan ‘Steve’ Horvath  McKees Rocks, PA  Shot by state trooper during the “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 George Hruska (Mollhasser)  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with state troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 Anton Gubernet  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with state troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 Mickel Tysowski  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with state troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 Frank Namet  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with state troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 John Suter  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with State Troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 3 unidentified strikers  McKees Rocks, PA  Shootout with state troopers “Pressed Steel Car Strike"
August 22, 1909 Est. as many as 26 others  McKees Rocks, PA  Fearing retaliation many bury their dead in unmarked graves
December 26, 1909 Andrew McCormack  San Francisco, CA  Killed by a policeman in a shootout over the price of a drink
March 18, 1910 Samuel O. Chinn  Spokane, WA  Died of untreated injuries from a jail house beating, Spokane Free Speech Fight
March 18, 1910 Charles Main  Bakersfield, CA  Found with his throat cut, Police suspect murder
April 7, 1910 F.J. Ferry   Spokane, WA  Died as the result of ill treatment while in jail,  Spokane Free Speech Fight
September 21, 1910 Joe V. Palmer   Firebaugh, CA  Shot by a station agent for an alleged attempted robbery
1910 uknown day William Mewis   Seattle, WA  Decomposed body found, Allegedly committed suicide by poison
unknown Unidentified I.W.W. Undated Gruesome postcard photo of a dead, castrated I.W.W.  U of W Special Collections
January 24, 1911 Kōtoku Shūsui  Japan  Hanged for alleged participation in plot to kill the emperor
February 15, 1911 Antonio Fuertes  Mexicali, Mexico  Died during the battle for Mexicali during the Baja Insurrection
February 15, 1911 J.R. Pesqueira   Mexicali, Mexico  Died during the battle for Mexicali during the Baja Insurrection
February 1, 1911 Henry Bordet   Holtville, CA  Succumbed to injuries received in the Spokane Free Speech Fight
March 17, 1911 Luis Rodriquez  Tecate, Mexico With 18 others, seized, lost and died in the Baja Insurrection
April 8, 1911 Stanley Williams   Mexicali, Mexico  Shot leading an attack on Leroy Little’s ranch south of Mexicali
April 15, 1911 Simón Berthold  El Alamo, Mexico Shot during a skirmish at El Alamo during the Baja Insurrection
December 23, 1911 Caleb A. Barton  Nelson, British Columbia Murdered while organizing
December 23, 1911 John LeTual  Nelson, British Columbia Murdered while organizing
1911 unknown day W.E. Clark  Baja California, Mexcio Killed in a gun fight over ideological differences during the Baja Insurrection
January 29, 1912 Anna LoPizzo  Lawrence, MA  Shot by the police during the Lawrence Textile Strike
January 30, 1912 John Ramey  Lawrence, MA  Bayoneted in the back on January 15th by a militiaman,  Lawrence Textile Strike
Jan – Mar 1912 Lawrence - Two Miscarriages   Lawrence, MA  Picketing pregnant women were beaten by police, Lawrence Textile Strike
1912 unknown day Gust Gustafs  Victoria, British Columbia Drowned, Foul play
February 24, 1912 Peczevicz - Lawrence Miscarriage  Lawrence, MA  Woman beaten for attempting to send children away during the Lawrence Strike
1912 unknown day San Diego Baby  San Diego, CA  Knocked from baby buggy by a high-pressure water hose
March 28, 1912 Michael Hoy  San Diego, CA  Died after a severe beating by police during the San Diego Free Speech Fight
May 7, 1912 Joseph Mikolasch  San Diego, CA  Shot twice by the police during a raid on the San Diego I.W.W. Hall
July 7, 1912 Asbery Decator ‘Cate’ Hall   Merryville, LA  Murdered by gun thugs during the “Grabow Riot"
July 7, 1912 Rier ‘Roy’ Martin   Merryville, LA  Murdered by gun thugs during the “Grabow Riot"
July 21, 1912 John J. ‘Mac’ McGuire  Spokane, WA  Placed on railroad tracks and run over after being murdered
September 3, 1912 Phillip Fazeral   Merryville, LA  Innocent bystander shot during “Grabow Riot”
September 25, 1912 Charles ‘Leather Britches’ Smith      Merryville, LA   Shot by a Deputy Sherriff as a fugitive from the ‘Grabow Riot’
October 22, 1912 Jonas Smolskas   Lawrence, MA  Beaten to death for wearing an I.W.W. pin
1913 unknown day  C. Kellog   Eugene, OR  Disappeared while on mission pertaining to strike
April 20, 1913 Valentino Modestino  Paterson, NJ  Innocent bystander shot by an O’Brien detective, Paterson Silk Strike
April 24, 1913 Emidio Bacchiocci   Hopedale, MA  Shot by the special police while picketing the Draper Company
May 1, 1913 Unidentified I.W.W.  Tete Jaunne Cache, British Columbia Murdered while working on the railroad
June 7, 1913 Unidentified  I.W.W.  Wilson Creek, WA  Stoned and beaten to death while fighting scabs
June 10, 1913 Nicoletta Pantelopoulou   Ipswich, MA  Innocent bystander shot by police during the Hosiery Mill Strike
June 13, 1913 Robert Neuman   New Orleans, LA  Shot by company detectives during the United Fruit Co Strike
June 15, 1913 John Schurschmidt  Eatonville, WA  Staggered badly beaten into a lumber camp, Died the next day in Eatonville
June 19, 1913 Charles ‘Carl’ Paulus  New Orleans, LA  Shot by company detectives during the United Fruit Co Strike
June 27, 1913 Vincenzo D. Madonna  Paterson, NJ  Shot by a scab during the Paterson Silk Strike
1913 unknown day James ‘Whitey’ Donovan  Missoula, MT  Shot by a scab on June 17th while on strike 
August 3, 1913 Unidentified Puerto Rican worker  Wheatland, CA  Shot during the “Wheatland Hop Riot,” Durst Ranch
August 3, 1913 Unidentified English worker  Wheatland, CA  Shot during the “Wheatland Hop Riot,” Durst Ranch
November 17, 1913 Alfred ‘Nels’ Nelson  Marysville, CA  Alleged suicide after being shot at Durst Ranch, jailed, and beaten
December 25, 1913 Rafael Adames  Los Angeles, CA  Shot by the police when breaking up a meeting of the unemployed
1913 unknown day Gregory Popoff  Kahuku, HI  Disappeared while organizing the Kahuku plantation and never found
March 21, 1914 Antonio Musoini aka L. Morrie  Corona, CA  After being accused of murder he was shot by a city marshal
April 14, 1914 Albert V. Roe  Koloa, HI  Allegedly died from “heart trouble” while in in jail
July 4, 1914 Arthur Caron  Manhattan, NY  Premature detonation of a bomb planned for John D. Rockefeller
July 17, 1914 Samuel Olsen  Salt Lake City, UT  Fractured skull when ejected from a train by railroad bulls
July 1, 1914 Hiram Frank Johnson   Lac La Biche, Alberta Victim of a brutal axe and knife murder while organizing.
August 20, 1914 Clarke Wallace Connell  Vancouver, British Columbia Died from an abscess on the brain the result of a police beating
October 3, 1914 2 unidentified I.W.W.s  Chelsea, MT  Died during a shootout with a band of hijackers
October 3, 1914 Arthur J. Giantvalley  Chelsea, MT  Innocent bystander killed during an I.W.W. shootout with hijackers
February 2, 1915 Jack Whyte (White)  San Francisco, CA  Shot during an unprovoked attack in Tonopah, NV, then died in San Francisco
June 22, 1915 V.J. Bradley  Arlington, KS  Beaten to death while organizing harvest workers
October 31, 1915 Roy ‘Doc’ Joseph Horton  Salt Lake City, UT  Gunned down in the street by HP Myton
November 19, 1915 Joe Hill (Joel E. Hägglund)  Salt Lake City UT  Murdered by the State of Utah
1916 unknown day Unidentified Mexican I.W.W.   Tampico, Mexico Killed during a clash with soldiers during an oil worker strike
June 22, 1916 John Alar  Virginia, MN  Shot by Oliver Mining gun thugs during the Mesabi Range Strike
July 3, 1916 Thomas Ladvala  Biwabik, MN  Innocent bystander died during a shootout, Mesabi Range Strike
July 16, 1916 W.D. Holland  Kansas City, MO  Shot by a policeman for sleeping in a door way and having a pistol
July 27, 1916 Frank Wells  Redfield, SD  Shot during a shootout with anti-I.W.W. harvesters at Mitchell SD, died in Redfield
August 13, 1916 Henry Burk   Montevideo, MN  A ‘Flying Squad’ member shot during an alleged ‘hi-jack'
August 29, 1916 Joe ‘Jack’ Bradley  Deer Lodge, MT  Railroaded for “kidnapping” stoolies and died in prison
September 24, 1916 Walter Young   White Sulphur Springs, MT  Shot during an altercation with trainmen at Judith Gap
October 29, 1916 William D. Brown  San Mateo, CA  Had his throat cut while sleeping in a barn near San Mateo
November 5, 1916 Felix Baran  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre”
November 5, 1916 Hugo Gerlot  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre’’
November 5, 1916 Gustav Johnson  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre”
November 5, 1916 John D. Looney  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre”
November 5, 1916 Abraham Rabinowitz  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre”
November 5, 1916 As many as 7 I.W.W.s not found (Believed to include FWs Fred Berger, William Coleman, Tom Ellis, Edward Raymond, Peter Viberts, and Charles Taylor )  Everett, WA  Ambushed and killed by cops and vigilantes “Everett Massacre”
December 20, 1916 Frank Franz  NSW, Australia  Framed for murder and executed during a time of I.W.W. hysteria
December 20, 1916 Roland Nickolas Kennedy  NSW, Australia Framed for murder and executed during a time of I.W.W. hysteria
February 21, 1917 Marciionas Petkus    Philadelphia, PA  Shot by the police while on a solidarity strike
1917 unknown day Louis Jalleani  Niagara Falls, NY  I.W.W. organizer shot by police during a “riot”
1917 unknown day Karl August Ialminen aka Salma  Homer's Gap, PA His decomposed remains were found in the woods near Homer's Gap
May 31, 1917 George W. Shoemaker    Riverside, OR  Shot while negotiating a raise for sheep shearers
June 10, 1917 James Fox   Los Angeles, CA  Shot by railroad guards during an alleged gun fight
June 12, 1917 Nick Luona   Virginia, MN  Shot in the back by the police while being arrested as a slacker
June 26, 1917 Pete Jurcich   Bard, SD  Decomposed remains discovered,  Newspaper puts blame on his FWs
July 12, 1917 James H. Brew  Bisbee, AZ  Shot resisting arrest during the Bisbee Deportation
July 16, 1917 Frank Thornton  Troy, MT  Arrested, badly beaten, and left to burn to death in jail fire
July 22, 1917 John Cline  Warren, IL  His body was found beside railroad tracks.  Allegedly “hit by a train"
August 1, 1917 Franklin Henry “Frank” Little   Butte, MT  Brutally mistreated and lynched by vigilantes
September 6, 1917 Robert Williams   Fargo, ND  Shot by railroad detectives for allegedly trying to hold them up
September 7, 1917 Kjalmer Holm  Fargo, ND  Shot by a farm laborer allegedly after having words
September 8, 1917 Unidentified I.W.W. Harvest Hand   Glencoe, MN Shot during a shootout while “boxcar organizing"
September 8, 1917 Thomas Simon  Hawkinsville, GA  Killed during a draft resistance fight
September 8, 1917 Mrs. Thomas Simon  Hawkinsville, GA  Killed during a draft resistance fight
September 13, 1917 Joseph A. Fricker  Carlton, OR  Alleged by police to have dived head first from a bridge
October 4, 1917 Verner Nelson   Butte, MT  Shot twice in the chest for calling a scab a scab
November 15, 1917 Unidentified I.W.W.  Sapulpa, OK  Shot through the heart by the police chief
November 27, 1917 Mike Jzlik   Modoc, OH  Shotgunned for “cursing the government"
November 28, 1917 Kaisa Kreeta Jackson  Red Lodge, MT  An Innocent bystander shot during the harassment of I.W.W.s
1917 unknown day “I.W.W.  John”     Sapulpa, OK  Found dead one morning after soapboxing, Not buried until May 1946
1918 - 1920 Unknown numbers Russia Died fighting Donet Basin Cossacks that were loyal to the Tsar Nicholas II
February 18, 1918 Lyle Clifford Donaldson   Hillsboro, IL  Shot when mistaken for an I.W.W. by “loyalist” vigilantes
February 20, 1918 Mel Hathaway  Missoula, MT  I.W.W. lecturer disappeared between Missoula and Butte Mont, Never found
April 7, 1918 Nestor Junkala  Marshfield (Coos Bay), OR  Allegedly strangled himself while in jail
April 15, 1918 John S. Walker   Honolulu, HI  Murdered by a retired US Navy Captain for slandering the flag
April 16, 1918 Pasquale Marsico   Old Forge, PA  Shot while collecting for the I.W.W. Defense Fund
July 12, 1918 Joseph Schoon   Folsom Prison, CA  Railroaded and hung for the first-degree murder of a cop
September 7, 1918 Fred Warn  Isabella, CA  Shot in the head for belonging to the I.W.W.
September 24, 1918 Kosti ‘Gus’ Kangas   Butte, MT  Shot by the city police reportedly in self defense
October 22, 1918 Edward Burns  Sacramento, CA  Succumbed to Influenza while in jail awaiting trial
October 27, 1918 James Nolan  Sacramento, CA  Died from tuberculosis while in jail awaiting trial
October 28, 1918 Robert James Blaine  Sacramento, CA  Succumbed to Influenza while in jail awaiting trial
October 30, 1918 Henry C. Evans  Sacramento, CA  Succumbed to Influenza while in jail awaiting trial
October 30, 1918 James Robert Gossard   Newton, KS  Succumbed to Influenza while in jail awaiting trial
November 1, 1918 Frank Travis  Sacramento, CA  Succumbed to Influenza while in jail awaiting trial
December 2, 1918 Otto Frederick Schmidt  Spokane, WA  Died from inhumane treatment while awaiting deportation
February 1, 1919 Murray  Riverton, WY   Found dead in the snow after being driven from an oil camp
February 20, 1919 James Patterson  Chicago, IL  Alleged to have been shot by other FWs for ratting out a bomb plot
February 28, 1919 Eustacio Di Chellis   Franklin, MA  Died in a “sabotage” explosion,  I.W.W. scapegoated as cause
February 28, 1919 Silverio Di Chellis   Franklin, MA  Died in a “sabotage” explosion,  I.W.W. scapegoated as cause
February 28, 1919 Amedio Nanni aka James Pargin     Franklin, MA  Died in a “sabotage” explosion,  I.W.W. scapegoated as cause
February 28, 1919 Domanick Palumbo   Franklin, MA  Died in a “sabotage” explosion,  I.W.W. scapegoated as cause
April 27, 1919 Michael Palombo  Canton, OH  Stabbed 17 times and left laying on railroad tracks
June 18, 1919 10 unidentified Mexican I.W.W.s  Tampico, Mexico Shot by Mexican federal troops during a labour dispute
July 8, 1919 Joseph ‘J.A.’ Kelly  Seattle, WA  Died of ill treatment during multiple incarcerations
July 9, 1919 John Washington Cochron   Wenatchee, WA  Allegedly committed suicide by drinking poison
July 13, 1919 Almer Charles Adams   Hutchinson, KS  Shot by brakeman while boarding freight car
September 4, 1919 Max Rosenstein   Carrington, ND  Found dead having been shot twice in the head
September 18, 1919 Carl Swenson   Spokane, WA  Alleged to have taken his own life by strangulation while in jail
September 18, 1919 Carl Swanson  Spokane, WA  Second alleged jail suicide by strangulation reported the same day
September 1, 1919 Unidentified I.W.W. Harvest Hand Shot in the back by a railroad bull
November 9, 1919 George Winsky  Kansas City, KS  Health destroyed after 13 months confinement in jail
November 11, 1919 Nathan Wesley Everest  Centralia, WA  Lynched by the good citizens and vigilantes of
November 1, 1919 2 Unidentified I.W.W.s  Centralia, WA  Lynched by vigilantes and found hanging in the forest around Centralia
November 16, 1919 James Anderson  Moberly, MO  Shot in the head after an unsuccessful attempt to lynch him
April 22, 1920 Hugh Bernard Haran   Butte, MT  Accidentally shot while guarding the Daily Bulletin office
April 25, 1920 Thomas W. Manning   Butte, MT  Shot in the back while on picket duty by a Neversweat Mine guard
May 24, 1920 Ole Hansen   Oakville, WA  Alleged suicide,  Found shot in the head with revolver at his side
May 29, 1920 Felix Jovanovich  Wallace, ID  Committed suicide during trial for criminal syndicalism
June 3, 1920 Ernest Holman  New York, NY  Depression following being beaten by thugs led to his suicide
June 10, 1920 Stanley Pavzlack  Philadelphia, PA  Shot by a scab on a shooting rampage during a Longshore Strike
June 27, 1920 Godel Stein   Philadelphia, PA  Innocent bystander shot by a scab during a Longshore Strike
June 30, 1920 John Pokolosky  Philadelphia, PA  Innocent bystander shot by a scab during a Longshore Strike
September 29, 1920 José Domingo Gómez Rojas  Santiago, Chile  Tortured, driven mad, and died from the effects of his abuse
October 4, 1920 Joseph ‘Joe’ Bagley  Fargo, ND  Shot by a railroad special agent for “stealing a ride” in Hannaford, died in Fargo
March 3, 1921 F.B. ‘Whitey’ Clark   Visalia, CA  Succumbed to diseases incurred while being jailed in Fresno
Mar 7–17, 1921 Unknown numbers   Kotlin Island, Russia  Died during the defense of Kronstadt against the Bolsheviks
May 13, 1921 I. Lelmul    Sault Ste. Marie, MI  Found in his hotel room shot in the head, Alleged suicide
July 19, 1921 Arthur A. McDonald  Superior, WI  Alleged to have committed suicide through self-crucifixion
November 6, 1921 William B. Bousfleid (Bousfield)  Ft. Worth, TX  Mysteriously shot in the head and body left lying in a pasture
December 16, 1921 William Sparks aka William Kelly  Colorado Springs, CO  Found with his head beaten in with rocks and bricks
December 3, 1921 Tomas Martinez  Guadalajara, Mexico Lack of medical care following an operation at Leavenworth
June 16, 1922 Paul Bednarcik  Cherokee, OK  Shot during a confrontation with a fink
December 10, 1922 C.J. Dilley  San Jose, CA  Discovered in a boxcar after being beaten to death
February 23, 1923 Frank Hastings  Walla Walla State Penitentiary, WA  Died a class war prisoner
May 1, 1923 Edmund Taylor    Portola, CA  Wounded I.W.W.  picket run over by train
May 3, 1923 William J. McCay  Aberdeen, WA  Shot in the back by a mill watchman while on the picket line
July 2, 1923 William “Big Heavy” Sander  Elko, NV  Shot by a hi-jack while riding a train near Elko
August 9, 1923 Abraham Shocker/ Chocker  San Quentin, CA  Hung himself after 43 days of solitary confinement
March 7, 1924 William Weyh  Tucson, AZ  Death due to untreated tuberculosis contracted at Leavenworth
May 12, 1924 Joe Coya  Sacramento County Jail, CA  Died of pneumonia due to ill treatment
June 30, 1924 Marcos Martinez   Los Lamentos, Chihuahua, Mexico Shot by police during a strike meeting
August 1, 1924 Lisa ‘Lizzie’ Sundstedt  San Pedro, CA  Died from a severe beating during a KKK attack on the I.W.W. Hall
August 15, 1924 Olin B. Anderson  Warm Springs, MT  From tuberculosis contracted in jail, Died Montana State Hospital for the Insane
December 13, 1924 J.A. Teal  Calexico, CA  Accused of attempted auto theft, Shot three times by a policeman
April 27, 1926 Primo Tapia de la Cruz   Michoacán, MX  Captured, tortured, and executed by Mexican Federales
1926 unknown day Unknown numbers of I.W.W.s Shcheglovsk, Russia  The I.W.W. states that members were murdered in the Kuzbass Colony
November 21, 1927 Jerry Davis   Serene, CO  Beaten to death after being wounded, Columbine Mine Strike
November 21, 1927 John Eastenes  Serene, CO  Machine gunned by police during the Columbine Mine Strike
November 21, 1927 Rene Jacques  Serene, CO  Machine gunned by police during the Columbine Mine Strike
November 21, 1927 Frank Kovitch  Serene, CO  Shot at close range after being wounded, Columbine Mine Strike
November 21, 1927 Nick Spanudakhis  Serene, CO  Machine gunned by police during the Columbine Mine Strike
November 28, 1927 Mike Vidovitch  Serene, CO  Machine gunned by police during the Columbine Mine Strike
January 12, 1928 Ilamado Clemente Chávez  Walsenburg, CO  Shot by the Colorado State Police in the I.W.W. Hall
January 12, 1928 Salistino Martinez    Walsenburg, CO  Innocent bystander, Across the street from the I.W.W. Hall
August 13, 1930 James McInerney  Walla Walla State Penitentiary, WA  Centralia defendant died while in prison
October 28, 1930 Herbert ‘Bert’ Banker   Aberdeen, WA  Succumbed to broken health incurred while in prison
March 14, 1931 Byron Kitto  San Francisco, CA  Succumbed to tuberculosis contracted during the Colorado Coal Strike
March 20, 1932 Elmer Stuart Smith  Centralia, WA  Selflessly ruined his health and died fighting to free the Centralia prisoners
May 16, 1932 Jack Vennetter  Evarts, KY  Gunned down by a gun-thug during a drive by shooting
1933 unknown day Unknown numbers  Stettin, Germany  I.W.W. dockworkers murdered by Nazis
1933 unknown day Unknown numbers  Hamburg, Germany  I.W.W. dockworkers murdered by Nazis
September 4, 1935 Arthur G. Ross  San Pedro, CA  Attacked by a vigilante and died from severe head injuries
December 15, 1936 John A. ‘Johnny’ Kane Jr.  Houston, TX  Shot by a corrupt ISU Agent during the Seamen’s Strike of 1936
1936 -1939 Unknown numbers of I.W.W.s  Jarama, Spain  Died fighting fascists while serving with the Republican forces
February 13, 1937 Edward A. ‘Ted’ Dickinson    Jarama, Spain  With the British Battalion, Captured at the Battle of Jarama and executed
June 8, 1937 Mike Stetz  Orofino, ID  Injuries and pneumonia from the 1936 Pierce, Idaho ambush
July 15, 1937 Ramond Albert Steele Aka Raymond Burns    Brunete, Spain  Killed by a sniper during the Brunete campaign
October 11, 1937 Vladimir Sergeyevich ‘Bill’ Shatov  Siberia, Russia Sent to Siberia and disappeared during the Great Purge of 1936-39
October 1, 1937 Heinrich Bortz   Spain Killed in action while with the Durruti International Battalion
1937 unknown day Harry F. Owens  Spain  Member of the Abraham Lincoln Battalion
March 17, 1938 Robert Charles Watts  Spain  Killed while serving with the Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion
April 1, 1938 Ivan Alroy Silverman  Spain Forced by commies onto a bare field to face fascist machine guns
1938 unknown day 2 unidentified I.W.W.s Spain Forced by commies onto a bare field to face fascist machine guns
September 8, 1938 Herbert Schlessinger aka Harry Davis  Sierra de Cavalls, Spain  Lincoln Battalion killed during the Ebro Offensive
1938 unknown day Lawrence K. Ryan Jarama, Spain  Succumbed to wounds received Feb 27, 1937 at 
November 4, 1940 Dalton Lee Gentry  Monroe, LA  Succumbed to injuries sustained in the 1936 Pierce, Idaho ambush
September 3, 1942 John ‘Jack’ Beavert   Ukiah, CA  Driven insane at San Quentin in 1928, Died at the Mendocino Asylum
Apr 20 1950 Georgily ‘George’ Andreytchine  Moscow, Russia After exile to Siberia he was tried and executed as an American spy
September 23, 1973 Frank Teruggi   Santiago, Chile  Shot by the Chilean military during the Pinochet led coup d’état
1974 unknown day Francis Bernard ‘Frank’ Gould  Mindanao, Philippines  Disappeared while covering the Moro guerrilla rebellion