The Journal of Japanese Studies



Walter Edwards
Forging Tradition for a Holy War:
e Hakko Ichiu Tower in Miyazaki and Japanese Wartime Ideology

The rapid and widespread circulation of the slogan hakko ichiu (ďall the world under one roofĒ) at the end of the 1930s was attended by a subtle but ominous shift in interpretations of mythic first emperor Jimmu. Reading his conquest of Yamato as an expansion of imperial rule, a process destined to continue until it encompassed the entire world, this view recast the nationís founding myth into a charter for holy war. These changes are examined through an analysis of a tower bearing the slogan, erected in 1940 in Miyazaki, to commemorate the 2,600th anniversary of Jimmuís ascension.

Volume 29, Number 2 (Summer 2003)
© 2003 Society for Japanese Studies


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