Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Author Archive

We are currently accepting submissions for our Autumn 2014 issue! The deadline for submissions is April 11th, 2014.

Submissions go through a double-blind peer review process, and if your piece is selected you get the chance to work closely with an editor and faculty members.

For more information, check out the Submissions tab, or email us at jsjis@uw.edu.

The Journal is also looking for new Peer Reviewers!

The Journal depends on a core group of peer reviewers every quarter to help select pieces for publication. Our editorial board then works with authors and faculty to produce the journal. Reviewers and editors are eligible to receive 1-2 credits of SIS 499 (Independent Study) for working with the Journal. Reviewing is also a great way to get involved with the Journal, especially for those interested in applying for the Editorial Board.

For more information, check out the Reviewing tab. To become a peer reviewer, email us at jsjis@uw.edu.

Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn 2013

Expert Insights

Interviews with Professor Mary Callahan


This section shifts away from student work in order to provide a professional perspective of someone working in the field of International Studies. For this edition of Expert Insights, the Jackson School Journal had the pleasure of interviewing Mary Callahan, who is an Associate Professor at the Jackson School and a nationally recognized expert on the political landscape of Burma. Also known as Myanmar, the country is currently experiencing a period of rapid and major reform. Callahan is the author of “Making Enemies: War and State Building in Burma.” In this timely interview, Callahan discusses the current state of higher education in Myanmar and her recent trip there as an advisor to the Carter Center, and she provides some useful advice for Jackson School students. Callahan is currently on leave from the Jackson School, living in Myanmar over the next year to work as a research consultant and on a new book on recent changes in Myanmar.

Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn 2013

Carl Hvenmark-Nilsson

A New Approach to Old Problems

Rethinking U.S. Policy Options for Addressing Drug Cartels and Destabilizing Violence in Mexico


“During recent years, Mexico has seen a dramatic rise in homicides, forced disappearances and destabilizing violence against civil institutions. Mexico and the United States have responded with a combination of military force and institutional policy solutions to tackle the spread of violence, but have so far been incapable of dealing with either local or national challenges. The number of killings is estimated to have surpassed 70,000 since December 2006, when then-president Felipe Calderón implemented his heavily militarized approach. This “war on drugs” continues to be one of the most stagnant areas of conflict management, wherein debate over effective response measures is sometimes driven more by politics or media sensationalism than empirical evidence. I suggest a demilitarized and more comprehensive approach to address the complex pattern of “narco-economics” and cartel violence. A holistic set of solutions would not only improve U.S. policy toward Mexico but perhaps also make a valid model for future efforts by the international community to effectively tackle transnational forms of organized crime and rebuilt crucial civic-state trust post-conflict areas.”

Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn 2013

Akaisha Miller

Changing America’s Agricultural System

Cuba’s Lessons for Food Sovereignty


“Currently over 26 million Americans are struggling with hunger and diet-related illness as a result of food deserts, or areas with severely restricted access to fresh food. Evidence about urban agriculture from cities and countries all over the world has proven that urban farming is a viable and realistic option in the fight against food deserts. The use of urban agriculture also promotes food sovereignty, the idea that all people have the right to healthy, affordable, and sustainably produced foods. Food sovereignty has six principles which focus on socially and ecologically sustainable farming practices,
ensuring that local communities of food producers and consumers, rather than foreign or private interests, are in control of their own food and agricultural systems. Cuba is one country actively focusing on urban agriculture and food sovereignty. The collapse of the Soviet Union spurred Cuba towards urban farming as a way to feed its citizens and ensure the rights of those who produce and consume agricultural goods. Cuba’s success in urban agricultural cooperatives, agricultural training and education, urban farming legislation, and crop and livestock integration within urban farms serve as an example for the United States to follow in the pursuit of food sovereignty.”

Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn
2013

Alexander L. Kuehl

Urbanization and Social Control

Divergent State Policies in Squatter Societies


“The recent urbanization in the last century includes significant migrant influx that strains the state’s ability to extend urban infrastructure to the new population, resulting in the formation of squatter settlements. The new areas face informal housing, insecure land tenure, and inadequate access to water, sanitation, and electricity. With the new demographic shifts, the state assumes the inherent risk of losing social control over the squatters. The state’s prior strategies of social control rested on the ability to effectively police its citizens and provide basic services. However, the unique state – squatter society relations necessitate a new form of social control. This article analyzes the respective favela and barriada squatter societies in Brazil and Peru to reveal divergent state policies in instituting social control. In particular, the essay details Peru’s successful form of social control that includes cycles of non-violence, clientelism, and secure land tenure in the settlements, and its applications to improving the situation in Brazil with the upcoming World Cup and Olympic Games.”
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Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn 2013

Katey Houck

Reflections of the Repressed

World War II French Identity in Lacombe, Lucien


“French films about World War II tend to fall into either the category of heritage film, which promotes a narrative of reconciliation in relation to French collaboration with the Nazis, or another group of films that serves to implicitly or explicitly question that narrative of reconciliation. Films in the latter category have probed the memory of the Vichy collaboration since the end of the war despite Charles de Gaulle’s efforts to repress narratives that challenged the idea of a country united against Germany. In the 1980’s, however, heritage film became the prevalent genre and promoted de Gaulle’s view of World War II in France. This article examines the representation of repressed trauma and blocked mourning that prompted the emergence of the heritage genre. In particular, it explores how the film Lacombe, Lucien (Louis Malle, 1974) reflects the French collective experience of loss during and in the aftermath of the collaboration. World War II films like Lacombe, Lucien in essence dramatize a troubling disappearance of French cultural identity, which the heritage rubric sought to control and suppress.”

The Jackson School Journal of International Studies is recruiting for its 2014-2015 Editorial Board. If you are a JSIS student, we encourage you to apply! If not, please pass this on to anyone who might be interested. This is a great thing to add to your resume if you are thinking of a career in policy, education, or research.

For more information, check out the  editing tab. To apply, please submit your application package to our dropbox.

Job Description: Editors work closely with student authors as well as Jackson School faculty members to prepare papers for publication. Editors will have the opportunity to learn critical communications skills through interaction with their authors, fellow editors, and faculty advisory board. Other responsibilities include developing strategies to expand the Journal, presenting in classrooms, interviewing experts in international affairs, and performing other administrative tasks.

Eligibility:
– Open to Freshman, Sophomores and Juniors
– Able to commit five to ten hours per week
– Able to work on the Editorial Board for at least 1 academic year (i.e.,Winter 2014-Winter 2015)

Applicants must submit the following:
– Resume
– Statement of support from a professor or TA
– A writing sample of your best work, of a length of your choosing
– A personal statement, one page, single-spaced, that addresses the following questions:
1) Which aspects of your academic background (classes or research) have prepared you for this position?
2)How will your personal or professional experiences contribute to your success as an editor?

Volume 4 Number 1 – Autumn 2012


Expert Insights

Interviews with Stéphane Dujarric and Joe Lauria


For this issue’s Expert Insights, the Jackson School Journal had the pleasure to interview two outstanding individuals in international communications and journalism. The Journal sat down with former UN spokesperson and current Director of News and Media for the UN’s Department of Public Information Stéphane Dujarric and New York- based independent foreign affairs correspondent, Joe Lauria. Mr. Lauria’s articles have appeared in the Boston Globe, Bloomberg News, The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Daily Telegraph and other publications.
In the following interviews, Mr. Dujarric candidly speaks about his personal experience working at the UN and offers his thoughts on working at the UN, consuming media wisely and the critical issue of digital human rights in the age of social media. His interview concludes with perspectives on the future of the UN and specific advice for Jackson School students. Mr. Lauria analyses the current situation in Syria and draws attention to the Cold War thinking that he argues is entrenched in American
foreign policy in the Middle East today––a mindset that was born in the era of Henry M. Jackson himself.

Volume 4 Number 1 – Spring 2013

Mohammad Bilal Nasir

The Dawn of Imran Khan

The Electoral Failure of Islamism and Pakistan’s Post-Islamist Turn


“As hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis inundated the cities of Lahore and Karachi to hear the rising cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan speak, commentators and politicians alike were baffled: how did the peripheral figure and his respective party become a formidable voice in Pakistan’s politics within a few months? This paper will argue that the ascension of Imran Khan’s party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, can be attributed to its adoption of a post-Islamist rhetoric of religiosity and rights, which became publicly appealing following the formation and failure of the Islamist conglomerate, the Muttahida Majles-e-Amal. As post-colonial Pakistan’s institutional divide between the political elites of the state and the cultural religious groups of the public sphere has remain fixed throughout Islamism’s political tenures, Pakistan is experiencing a post-Islamist turn, where a novel relationship between political institutions and the public sphere is being negotiated. In conclusion, this paper will analyze Imran Khan’s political speeches in Lahore and Karachi and convey how his rhetoric is attractive, unique, and post-Islamist.

Volume 4 Number 1 – Spring 2013

Sara Alstrom

Old War, Nuanced Soldiers

‘Generational Borderlands’ in the Chilean University Movement


The infamous dictator Augusto Pinochet came to power through a bloody coup on September 11, 1973, and drastically changed the face of the Chilean government. His regime instituted strict policies of neoliberalism that led to the privatization of the university system. Forty years after the coup, many of these policies remain in place, untouched and accepted as the reasons behind Chile’s ‘economic miracle’ of South America. However, tensions resulting from these neoliberal policies, specifically in the University system, fomented a recent eruption of political activism in May of 2011. Why is it that Chile, one of the most economically ‘successful’ countries in South America and the ‘pride’ of the IMF and World Bank models, is seeing the rise of a powerful student movement against neoliberal legacies? My research juxtaposes the master narrative of Chile as a ‘model country’, in terms of hegemonic modernity, against the experiences of the Chilean university students who have fought to challenge it. I argue that the catalyst behind the student movement can be in part explained by the legacies of Pinochet’s repression and the political struggles of past generations. This contradictory temporal space forms a ‘generational borderland’. These generational ruptures, combined with the legacies of repression, have led to the emergence of new forms of innovative and marketable protest, cultivated longevity for the movement through the mistrust of politicians, and inspired a reinvigoration of the Communist Party of Chile.
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