Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Author Archive

The Jackson School Journal wants to publish YOU!

We are currently accepting submissions for our Spring 2012 issue. We accept Qualifying Papers, research papers and policy papers, and generally look for submissions about 10-15 double-spaced pages in length, though you’re welcome to submit something shorter or longer. Submissions go through a double-blind peer review process, and if your piece is selected you get the chance to work closely with an editor and faculty members. Plus, you get to see your name in print! Submissions are due October 14th, 2011.

For more information, check out the Submissions tab, or email us at jsjis@uw.edu.

The Journal is also looking for Peer Reviewers!

The Journal depends on a core group of peer reviewers every quarter to help select pieces for publication. Beginning Autumn 2011, reviewers are eligible to receive 1 credit of SIS 499 (Independent Study) for working with the Journal. Reviewing is also a great way to get involved with the Journal, especially for those interested in applying for the Editorial Board.

For more information, check out the Reviewing tab. To become a peer reviewer, email us at jsjis@uw.edu.

Drumroll please…

The Jackson School Journal’s third issue is now online! Our Autumn 2011 issue features timely examinations of NATO policy in Libya and Kenya’s new constitution, fascinating looks at modern French politics, the role of folk music clubs in Argentina and the complex interrelations of Cote d’Ivoire’s cocoa sector, and an interview with the Jackson School’s very own Professor Don Hellmann. To read on and download your own copy, check it out here: Vol. 2 No. 2 (Autumn 2011)

Much gratitude for the production of this issue goes to our authors — Talia Alongi, Gabrielle Gurian, David LaBoon, Christan Leonard, and Peter Muller — and our Spring 2011 peer reviewers — Henry Apfel, Natalie Block, Igor Cherny, Allie Ferguson, Charissa Ford, Scott Halliday, Sherrie Hsu, Naomi Joswiak, Mariah Noel Louie, Geoffrey Morgan, Kristen Reigle, Alyson Singh, Nikki Thompson, and Katherine Walton. Many thanks also to our faculty Advisory Board and, of course, Professor Don Hellmann, who shared with us some unforgettable stories. And a special shout-out to Russ Hugo for making such a gorgeous website!

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

Expert Insights

Interview with Professor Don Hellmann

For this issue’s edition of Expert Insights, members of the Editorial Board had the pleasure of interviewing Professor Don Hellmann, who is the Director of the Institute for International Policy at UW and holds a joint appointment in the Jackson School and the Department of Political Science. Hellmann is a specialist in Pacific Rim relations and devotes particular attention to Japanese political economy and international relations. It’s not often that you meet someone who fielded job offers from Nancy Kissinger or whose dissertation notes may yet play a role in ending the continuing state of war between Japan and Russia unresolved since World War II. Hellmann’s passionate narration of his personal and professional history was a crucial reminder to us that professors are more than just scholars or teachers — they are fascinating people with diverse and often astonishing experiences. Indeed, the notes we have from our conversation with Mr. Hellmann prove that the personal anecdotes and lessons faculty members offer can be even more thought-provoking and memorable than what’s discussed in the classroom. In this interview, Hellmann tells the Journal how he became involved in international relations, discusses his vision for the senior capstone project of Task Force and shares a few of his latest research aspirations. His work inspired us to visit more of our favorite faculty members during office hours, and we hope it does the same for you.

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

Talia Alongi

Côte d’Cocoa

The Political and Social Effects of Côte d’Ivoire’s Cocoa Sector

Throughout its colonial and independent history, Côte d’Ivoire has been dependent on resource extraction for survival. Today, the nation’s economic dependence on the cocoa industry for jobs, tax revenue and trade has resulted in political instability and a reliance on child and slave labor. These problems are the long-term effects of colonialism, ethnic divisions and an unpredictable international market that dictates world price. The chocolate manufacturers and cocoa processors that use this cocoa have done little to help their biggest supplier. However, international NGOs have stepped up and begun instigating policies to ameliorate the world of the labor issues. Despite these steps, the country still faces instability in the wake of a civil war and a conflict-inducing election. Early economic success was not enough to buffer Côte d’Ivoire from the turbulence of world prices and their unmanageable effects. This paper outlines the various social, political and economic factors and their effects within the system through a “web of causality.” The paper concludes with recommendations that include local, national, and international efforts that attempt to address the root causes of this instability.

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

Peter Muller

Things a Peña Does

Everyday Forms of Nationbuilding

For its entire history Argentina has been dominated demographically and economically by Buenos Aires. Poverty and relative inequalities in the hinterland have helped drive a massive internal migration to the city. A great portion of the resulting population of Buenos Aires consists of provincial Argentines who find interesting and innovative ways to negotiate urban life. This essay explores some ways that Argentine migrants use folk music parties, known as peñas, to create opportunities in the city. Importantly, many migrant accounts highlight the importance of folk music as Argentine, thus unifying folk music with other cultural representations of the nation. First person accounts show how migrants use this “entrepreneurial popular nationalism” in peñas to create their own entertainment, social networking and economic benefits. The paper presents a case for the peña, an innovative birthplace of nationalism, as a resource for a largely marginalized group.

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

David LaBoon

The French Divergence

French Contemporary Efforts to Govern Heterogeneous Space

Several inconsistencies can be observed between modern French political policy and its historical and cultural identity. More specifically, these inconsistencies represent a “divergence” from the embryonic principles of Liberté, Fraternité et Égalité to other less liberal values targeting l’autre, or “the other.” This divergence is illustrated by the contemporary adoption of Le Texte N˚2262, legislation banning the traditional Islamic burqa and niqab, and the amendments to Le Texte N˚2814, which are designed to revoke citizenship from those naturalized. But do these issues give substance to Samuel Huntington’s concept of a clash of civilizations? This paper argues that this shift in French political dialogue is much less deterministic than Huntington’s argument would allow, and arises instead from a myriad of causes. This French divergence is the next chapter in France’s perpetual struggle to govern its cultural space, and a result of collapsing frontiers in the European Union, geo-economic concerns and heightened “orientalism” as a result of terrorism.

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

Gabrielle Gurian

NATO in the Balkans and Libya

Lessons to be Learned and Applied

Though NATO’s response to the outbreak of violence in Libya was initially critiqued as slow and unorganized, the mission has been successful in providing humanitarian aid and supporting rebel forces. However, it has proven to be a great challenge to the Alliance. If we take a look back at NATO’s involvement in the Balkans it is clear that when dealing with foreign policy problems, history can be instructive, and an ugly operation is not necessarily a failed operation. The NATO operation in the Balkans began with operational incompetence and counterproductive consequences; however, it is now viewed as a noteworthy success. If NATO can effectively apply lessons learned in the Balkans to the Libyan conflict, it is possible that what appears now as a feckless NATO policy in Libya may be seen, in years to come, as a North African reprise of NATO’s first experience in “winning ugly” in the Balkans. (Editorial Note: Since this article was written in the midst of the Libyan crisis in Spring 2011, we asked Gurian to offer a postscript analysis as of Autumn 2011. This can be found at the end of the article.)

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011

Christan Leonard

A Promise of Change

Kenya’s New Constitution and Eliminating Hunger in the 21st Century

On August 4, 2010, the people of Kenya overwhelmingly approved a new constitution, which citizens, politicians and international observers hope will usher in a new era of prosperity. But will these hopes be realized, or will Kenya continue to be plagued by hunger? This paper seeks to answer that question. The author uses Amartya Sen’s entitlement theory to illuminate hunger as an issue of poverty and not of food supply. Then the author takes a close look at the new constitution, particularly its provision for a devolved government, and analyzes the potential impacts of the recently ratified document on mitigating hunger in the coming years. The paper concludes with policy recommendations for the Kenyan government to provide for the successful implementation of the new constitution and the reduction of hunger in Kenya.