Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Articles

Volume 5, No. 1: Spring 2014

Q&A With Jennifer Butte-Dahl


Volume 5, No. 1: Spring 2014

Q&A With Julie Mendel


Volume 5 Number 1 – Spring 2014

Sean Ventura

Transnational Rivers,
Regional Conflict:

Water Security Implications in Diyala, Iraq


“Iraq is a nation with a troubled recent history. The nation languished under dictatorship, suffered through international sanctions, foreign invasion, nine-year occupation, and sectarian tensions leading to civil war. Climate change and regional instability relating to water resources may severely complicate Iraq’s future, and failure to secure agreements with neighbors concerning transnational water sources is harming Iraq’s future stability. The issues of Turkish and Syrian claims to water from the Tigris- Euphrates river basin are well known, however transnational water issues in Iraq’s eastern “breadbasket” region of Diyala may instigate conflict with Iran, or reignite sectarian tensions into civil war that will engulf the country. This paper argues that Diyala may instigate a time-bomb of social instability. Given that a large percentage of Diyala’s population is agrarian and the government is unable to adequately provide services or police the region, severe water restriction in the province will cause increased unemployment and migrations which may further polarize the formerly
ethnically mixed population into protectionist enclaves.”

Volume 5 Number 1 – Spring 2014

Karthik Palaniappan

Veiled Violence:

Veiled Violence
An Examination of the Rhetoric Surrounding the Banning of
the Veil in France


“In France in 2008, the firing of a Baby Loup nursery worker who refused to take off her
niqab (full face veil) was recently addressed and upheld by the Court of Cassassion—
the highest court of appeals for civil and criminal cases in France.The court’s decision
reflects the views of many about the public display of religious symbols. The wearing
of the veil by French Muslims has become a particular focus. Rhetoric used by political
figures has commonly focused on the practice of laïcité, permeating the dialogue
around the importance of secularism in France and creating misconceptions about
the veil, and more broadly, Muslim culture. The rhetoric surrounding the veil not only
represents French politicians’ failure to understand the role of the veil in the lives of
French Muslims, but also that the rhetoric itself is a subtle form of violence. Violence is
defined as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against
oneself, another person, or against a group or community, which either results in or
has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment,
or deprivation.”1 The rhetoric that both the French media and politicians use when
referring to the veil creates social pressures that act to psychologically harm individuals
and therefore can be considered subtle violence. This paper begins by establishing
that the rhetoric around the veil is one-sided and creates a biased characterization of
Muslim women and of Islam as a culture. The language surrounding the veil creates a
dichotomy that is used as a political wedge issue, in which the values held by “Muslims”
are pitted against those held by the “French.” It then goes on to argue that the rhetoric
itself is a form of violence. It concludes by arguing that the violence projected toward
the Muslim community is not a product of a fear of the minority, but is a way to
preserve a power relationship over a minority.”

Volume 5 Number 1 – Spring 2014

Bevin McLeod

An Obsolete AUMF:

Questions of Legality Surrounding the Continued Use of
Military Force Abroad


“This paper addresses the legality of the US Congress’s Authorization of the Use
of Military Force (AUMF) in its current form, and evaluates two distinctly different
perspectives around the issue: the first, which is consistently used by the Obama
administration, is that the AUMF is both legal domestically under the Commander in
Chief clause of the Constitution, and internationally under the Customary Law and
International Humanitarian Law right to self-defense.1 However, many legal scholars
counter that under domestic law there is no legal consensus as to the legality of the
AUMF in its current form, and our use of military force is illegal under international law.2
In this paper, the language, interpretations and revisions of the AUMF are examined as
well as the language and interpretations of international law. This paper argues that
our current military actions against al Qaeda and “affiliated forces” are not legal and
do not conform to International Humanitarian Law, Human Rights Law, or Customary
Law standards of war. Furthermore, domestically, the AUMF in its current form is of
questionable legality and is no longer relevant to the continued hostilities that the
United States is engaged. In order to align within an appropriate legal framework
for current military actions, this paper makes two recommendations on how both
the Executive Branch and Congress could work together to meet both domestic and
international legal standards.”

Volume 4 Number 1 – Spring 2013

Mohammad Bilal Nasir

The Dawn of Imran Khan

The Electoral Failure of Islamism and Pakistan’s Post-Islamist Turn


“As hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis inundated the cities of Lahore and Karachi to hear the rising cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan speak, commentators and politicians alike were baffled: how did the peripheral figure and his respective party become a formidable voice in Pakistan’s politics within a few months? This paper will argue that the ascension of Imran Khan’s party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, can be attributed to its adoption of a post-Islamist rhetoric of religiosity and rights, which became publicly appealing following the formation and failure of the Islamist conglomerate, the Muttahida Majles-e-Amal. As post-colonial Pakistan’s institutional divide between the political elites of the state and the cultural religious groups of the public sphere has remain fixed throughout Islamism’s political tenures, Pakistan is experiencing a post-Islamist turn, where a novel relationship between political institutions and the public sphere is being negotiated. In conclusion, this paper will analyze Imran Khan’s political speeches in Lahore and Karachi and convey how his rhetoric is attractive, unique, and post-Islamist.

Volume 3 Number 2 – Autumn 2012


Expert Insights

Interview with Professor Cabeiri Robinson


The Expert Insights section proves time and again to be a highlight of our publication, and this issue is no exception. We had the pleasure of listening to the fresh perspectives of Jackson School Professor Cabeiri Robinson who has appointments in International Studies, South Asian Studies and Anthropology. Robinson shares her unconventional arrival as a South Asianist and of her research as a women working in conflict zones. The interview concludes with Robinson’s thoughts on the future of the Jackson School and advice for its students.

Volume 3 Number 2 – Autumn 2012


Brady Begin

Turning A Blind Eye

The Media’s Neglect of Cultural and Historical Intricacies of Violence


“Turning A Blind Eye” was written for an essay assignment in Professor Cabeiri Robinson’s JSIS 202 course. This essay was nominated to be considered for publication as an example of outstanding coursework.

Volume 3 Number 2 – Autumn 2012


Joelle Klein

A Suicide for Justice

The Death of Fakhra Younus


“A Suicide for Justice” was written for an essay assignment in Professor Cabeiri Robinson’s JSIS 202 course. This essay was nominated to be considered for publication as an example of outstanding coursework.

Volume 3 Number 2 – Autumn 2012


Kevin Shaw

Progress and Power

Competing Narratives in the Story of Daniel Zamudio


“Progress and Power” was written for an essay assignment in Professor Cabeiri Robinson’s JSIS 202 course. This essay was nominated to be considered for publication as an example of outstanding coursework.
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