Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Archive for April, 2012

Come celebrate the latest issue of the Jackson School Journal!

JSSA and the Jackson School Journal are throwing a party to celebrate the release of the Spring 2012 issue and thank all the peer reviewers and authors involved!

There will be light treats, and Heather Campbell, one of the Spring 2012 issue’s authors, will be speaking briefly about her experiences researching in India.

To RSVP for the reception, visit the Facebook event page here.

To read the Spring 2012 issue of the Jackson School Journal, click here.

To learn more about JSSA, visit their website here.

We hope to see you there!

Drumroll please…

The Jackson School Journal’s fourth issue is now online! Our Spring 2012 features explorations of the gender dimensions of microfinance in India, reasons for the post-independence peace in Tanzania, and business interest groups in Japan, as well as an interview with former election observer Philip Howard! To read on and download your own copy, check it out here: Vol. 3 No. 1 (Spring 2012)

Much gratitude for the production of this issue goes to our authors — Laura Araki, Heather Campbell, and Alicia Erickson — and our Autumn 2011 peer reviewers — Talia Alongi, Annie Banel, Lisa Bergstrom, Natalie Block, Rachel Brown, Rachel Deane, Udai Dhamija, Allie Ferguson, Sherrie Hsu, Sarah Kane, Matthew Little, Kelsey Price, Kaela Reilly, Marcus Sweetser, McKenzie Templeton, and Roger Ying. Many thanks also to our faculty Advisory Board and Professor Philip Howard for sharing his stories with us.

Volume 3 Number 1 – Spring 2012


Expert Insights

Interview with Professor Philip Howard


For this issue’s edition of Expert Insights, the Jackson School Journal interviewed Professor Philip Howard, who holds appointments in the Department of Communication, the Information School and the Jackson School. He is also the Director of the World Information Access Project and the Project in Information Technology and Political Islam. Professor Howard is a telecommunications specialist and his most recent research explores the relationship between technology and the Arab Spring. In the following interview, Howard discusses his journey to the Jackson School, his experience in Tunisia during the 2011 elections and the importance of technology in a rapidly changing world. Howard is currently on sabbatical leave from UW and intends to return in Autumn 2013.

Volume 3 Number 1 – Spring 2012


Laura Araki

Joining the FTA Frenzy

How Japanese Industry Drives Preferential Trade Diplomacy


This paper analyzes the recent major trade policy changes in Japan through the key influences of big business interest groups. The author argues that Japan’s shift towards greater utilization of economic partnership agreements is a direct reflection of the desires of key corporations looking to improve their international competitiveness against rising foreign exclusionary arrangements. Through the examination of several case studies, the paper illustrates how large multinational corporations were able to influence the policy-making decisions of the Japanese government. The paper concludes with predictions regarding Japan’s potential entry into the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement currently in development.

Volume 3 Number 1 – Spring 2012


Heather Campbell

Gender Empowerment in Microfinance

How SHGs in India Exemplify the Institutional Potential


This paper examines how the fundamental idea behind microfinance and microcredit, that an individual’s ability to generate capital will provide the foundation to battle oppression, falters when attempting to deliver meaningful social change on the behalf of women. A brief history of modern microfinance and microcredit agencies are explored, followed by a synopsis of the institution’s relationship with women, specifically examining the efficacy of self-help groups (SHGs) in India juxtaposed with the efficacy of traditional, Grameen model microfinance institutions (MFIs). The concluding policy section recommends several ideas on how to tweak the application of microfinance and microcredit, following some tenets of notable success achieved by the SHG structure, so that it might achieve some of the promises made on the institution’s behalf. While microfinance and microcredit have gained ground where many aid efforts have not, it remains important to critically examine the facets and application of the institution before offering it as an end-all strategy of female empowerment.

Volume 3 Number 1 – Spring 2012


Alicia Erickson

Peace in Tanzania

An Island of Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa


This research discourse questions why Tanzania has maintained a stable and peaceful post-independence government and society, while surrounding states in the region of East and Central Africa have been plagued with a long history of ethnic conflict and violent civil war. The paper argues that while Tanzania may initially appear to have comparable qualities to other East African states – such as Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi – as well has having some preconditions for ethnic violence, it actually stands as a stark contrast in the region. The research goes on to examine what qualifies a state or region for having preconditions for ethnic violence and why Tanzania does not truly qualify. The argument continues by explaining the steps taken by President Nyerere and his political organization TANU that helped determine Tanzania’s future nationalization of Kiswahili, the banning of ethnic terms, and the establishment of a national declaration, all of which contributed to the widespread nationalistic sentiment and stability since independence.