Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Urbanization and Social Control

by admin, December 20, 2013

Volume 4 Number 2 – Autumn

Alexander L. Kuehl

Urbanization and Social Control

Divergent State Policies in Squatter Societies

“The recent urbanization in the last century includes significant migrant influx that strains the state’s ability to extend urban infrastructure to the new population, resulting in the formation of squatter settlements. The new areas face informal housing, insecure land tenure, and inadequate access to water, sanitation, and electricity. With the new demographic shifts, the state assumes the inherent risk of losing social control over the squatters. The state’s prior strategies of social control rested on the ability to effectively police its citizens and provide basic services. However, the unique state – squatter society relations necessitate a new form of social control. This article analyzes the respective favela and barriada squatter societies in Brazil and Peru to reveal divergent state policies in instituting social control. In particular, the essay details Peru’s successful form of social control that includes cycles of non-violence, clientelism, and secure land tenure in the settlements, and its applications to improving the situation in Brazil with the upcoming World Cup and Olympic Games.”
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