Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Posts Tagged ‘Identity’

Volume 2 Number 2 – Autumn 2011


David LaBoon

The French Divergence

French Contemporary Efforts to Govern Heterogeneous Space


Several inconsistencies can be observed between modern French political policy and its historical and cultural identity. More specifically, these inconsistencies represent a “divergence” from the embryonic principles of Liberté, Fraternité et Égalité to other less liberal values targeting l’autre, or “the other.” This divergence is illustrated by the contemporary adoption of Le Texte N˚2262, legislation banning the traditional Islamic burqa and niqab, and the amendments to Le Texte N˚2814, which are designed to revoke citizenship from those naturalized. But do these issues give substance to Samuel Huntington’s concept of a clash of civilizations? This paper argues that this shift in French political dialogue is much less deterministic than Huntington’s argument would allow, and arises instead from a myriad of causes. This French divergence is the next chapter in France’s perpetual struggle to govern its cultural space, and a result of collapsing frontiers in the European Union, geo-economic concerns and heightened “orientalism” as a result of terrorism.

Volume 1 Number 1 – Spring 2010


Stephanie Persson


The Individual and the Collective


A Comparison of Identity, Individualism, and Social Categorization in American and Chinese Students


This paper focuses on the created nature of identity and the ways in which this is dealt with in Chinese and American societies. After surveying Chinese and American college students the author finds that while students in both groups share an individualist view of their personal identity the Chinese students have a fundamentally different view of collectivist identity categories. This difference has serious implications for Chinese society’s minority members.