Jackson School Journal
of International Studies

Posts Tagged ‘South Asia’

Volume 4 Number 1 – Spring 2013

Mohammad Bilal Nasir

The Dawn of Imran Khan

The Electoral Failure of Islamism and Pakistan’s Post-Islamist Turn

“As hundreds of thousands of Pakistanis inundated the cities of Lahore and Karachi to hear the rising cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan speak, commentators and politicians alike were baffled: how did the peripheral figure and his respective party become a formidable voice in Pakistan’s politics within a few months? This paper will argue that the ascension of Imran Khan’s party, the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf, can be attributed to its adoption of a post-Islamist rhetoric of religiosity and rights, which became publicly appealing following the formation and failure of the Islamist conglomerate, the Muttahida Majles-e-Amal. As post-colonial Pakistan’s institutional divide between the political elites of the state and the cultural religious groups of the public sphere has remain fixed throughout Islamism’s political tenures, Pakistan is experiencing a post-Islamist turn, where a novel relationship between political institutions and the public sphere is being negotiated. In conclusion, this paper will analyze Imran Khan’s political speeches in Lahore and Karachi and convey how his rhetoric is attractive, unique, and post-Islamist.

Volume 4 Number 1 – Spring 2013

Dena Seabrook

Voluntourism in Nepal

The Ethical Implications of Visiting Medical Aid Groups

Voluntourism is an increasingly prevalent approach to international travel that combines typical tourist activities with some type of service project in a developing country. Voluntourism opportunities in the medical field have especially grown in popularity among high school and university students. Academic literature suggests that medical volunteer trips have brought about a host of issues in developing countries such as unethical medical practices, creating dependencies on foreign assistance, altering healthcare seeking behaviors, and impeding the development of the domestic health care system. My own exposure to Nepal through fifteen weeks studying abroad and interviews I conducted with I/NGO staff in the Nepalese health sector validated these findings. With all of the resources that have been channeled into medical voluntourism programs designed to alleviate health issues, why do these programs often serve to worsen the health situation in developing countries? Using Nepal as a case study, I examine this issue and argue that due to the economic incentives underlying the programs, the lack of follow-up care, and the focus on provision of relief services, medical voluntourism is detrimental to the development of a functioning health care system in developing countries. Regardless of whether it is founded on good intentions, medical voluntourism too often results in inappropriate responses that are not in line with the actual needs of the locals. Potential voluntourists would do well to question the efficacy and legitimacy of these programs.