Peace in Tanzania
An Island of Stability in Sub-Saharan Africa
This research discourse questions why Tanzania has maintained a stable and peaceful post-independence government and society, while surrounding states in the region of East and Central Africa have been plagued with a long history of ethnic conflict and violent civil war. The paper argues that while Tanzania may initially appear to have comparable qualities to other East African states – such as Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi – as well has having some preconditions for ethnic violence, it actually stands as a stark contrast in the region. The research goes on to examine what qualifies a state or region for having preconditions for ethnic violence and why Tanzania does not truly qualify. The argument continues by explaining the steps taken by President Nyerere and his political organization TANU that helped determine Tanzania’s future nationalization of Kiswahili, the banning of ethnic terms, and the establishment of a national declaration, all of which contributed to the widespread nationalistic sentiment and stability since independence.