Pests, Predators, and Multiple Stressors in Agroecosystems
Research team: Theresa Nogeire, Josh Lawler
The EPA has identified exposure of non-target wildlife to second-generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs) as a problem and has set regulations to reduce such exposures. Designing efficient integrated pest management strategies that maximize pest control while minimizing the impacts on non-target wildlife requires an understanding of the effects of these rodenticides on interacting target and non-target wildlife populations in dynamic environments. Given that climate change and land-use change are likely to be the two largest drivers of environmental change in this century, it will be necessary to assess the potential effects of pesticides in light of these two factors. We will parameterize a spatially-explicit population model (HexSim) to assess the effects of altered precipitation regimes, land-use change, and rodent control on population size and distribution of a sensitive non-target species, the San Joaquin kit fox. The results of these simulations will inform decisions about where, when, and how to apply pesticides to best take advantage of both wildlife- and pesticide-based pest control while minimizing the effects of pesticides on non-target populations.
Amphibians, landscape patterns, and urbanization
Research team: Jorge Ramos
Rapid population growth in King County, WA has led to the disappearance, alteration, and isolation of seasonally flooded wetlands that provide breeding habitat for a number of amphibian species. We are exploring the effects of landscape pattern on amphibian distributions in these seasonally flooded wetlands. We are sampling wetlands for amphibians and relating species occurrences to landscape patterns as measured from remotely sensed data. Using those relationships, in conjunction with projected future urbanization patterns in King County, we will predict potential future changes in amphibian distributions as driven by future land development.