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Research

Remote Training in Evidence-Based Practices for Clinicians Who Work with Migrant Workers

May 2018 - April 2021

PI: Dr. Gino Aisenberg



Examining Access of Workers Compensation by Latinos in Washington State

May 2018 - May 2019

PIs: Dr. Gino Aisenberg & Dr. Leo Morales



Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma (ALMA)

September 2017 - August 2022

PI: Dr. India Ornelas

Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma (ALMA) is a group-based culturally responsive intervention to promote mental health among Latina immigrant women. The curriculum is designed to prevent and reduce depression and anxiety symptoms by increasing coping skills, building social cohesion, and decreasing stigma and barriers to mental health care. This multi-level intervention has been shown to reduce stress and depression among Latina immigrant women in several community samples in North Carolina and Washington State. This NIH funded five-year study will test the efficacy and feasibility of the ALMA intervention among Latina immigrant women using a group-randomized trial design. The first year of this study will include refining intervention and study materials based on findings from focus groups and cognitive interviews on immigration-related stressors and mental health needs of Latina immigrant women. Years 2-4 will assess the efficacy of the ALMA 8-week intervention in a trial of 200 participants at two community partner sites (El Centro de la Raza and Casa Latina) in western Washington.


Related Citations:
  1. Ryan, D., Maurer, S., Lengua, L., Duran, B., & Ornelas, I. J. (2018). Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma (ALMA): an Evaluation of a Mindfulness Intervention to Promote Mental Health among Latina Immigrant Mothers. The journal of behavioral health services & research, 45(2), 280-291.
  2. Tran, A. N., Ornelas, I. J., Perez, G., Green, M. A., Lyn, M., & Corbie-Smith, G. (2014). Evaluation of Amigas Latinas Motivando el Alma (ALMA): A pilot promotora intervention focused on stress and coping among immigrant Latinas. Journal of immigrant and minority health, 16(2), 280-289.
  3. Tran, A. N., Ornelas, I. J., Kim, M., Perez, G., Green, M., Lyn, M. J., & Corbie-Smith, G. (2014). Results from a pilot promotora program to reduce depression and stress among immigrant Latinas. Health promotion practice, 15(3), 365-372.

Vida PURA: Brief Intervention to Address Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among Latino Day Laborers

Completed Summer 2017

PI: Dr. India Ornelas

Vida PURA (Puede Usted Reducir su consume de Alcohol) is a culturally adapted intervention that involves promotores providing screening and brief intervention to reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino day laborers. Dr. India Ornelas and her team conducted formative research among Latino immigrant men at a Seattle-based day laborer center to assess community readiness and gain insight on how to adapt the established brief alcohol intervention for this population. This led to conducting a pilot randomized control trial to test the efficacy of the Vida PURA intervention and study protocols. Participants were screened for eligibility using the AUDIT. Those with an AUDIT score ≥ 6 completed a baseline survey and were randomized into an intervention or control group. Participants in the intervention group received a brief counseling including personalized feedback about their alcohol use and motivational interviewing to assess their readiness to change. Personalized feedback was provided by promotores, using a tablet screen to display the participants’ quantity of daily and weekly drinking. We conducted follow-up surveys two weeks and eight weeks following the baseline. We assessed recruitment, retention, and reach using logs and tracking forms. At 55 weeks of data collection, 69% of screened participants were eligible for the study and 121 baseline surveys were completed. Of those eligible, 50% had AUDIT scores ≥ 20, indicating dependence. Participant retention rates were 87% for the two-week survey and 88% for the eight-week follow-up. Initial results suggest that this study may increase access to SBI among an underserved population. Future research should assess the efficacy of Vida PURA to reduce unhealthy alcohol use, especially among those with high AUDIT scores.


Related Citations:
  1. Serrano, S.E., Sarafini, K., Donovan, D., Torres, V., and Ornelas, I. (2017) Vida PURA: An assessment of the fidelity of promotor-delivered screening and brief interventionto reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino day laborers. Journal of Ethnicity and Substance Abuse, 1-13.
  2. Ornelas, I., Torres, V., and Serrano, S.E. (2016) Patterns of Alcohol Use among Latino Day Laborers. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 3(4):361-370
  3. Ornelas, I., Allen, C., Vaughan, C., Negi, N., and Williams, E. (2015) Vida PURA: A Cultural Adaptation of Screening and Brief Intervention to Reduce Unhealthy Drinking among Latino Day Laborers. Substance Abuse, 36(3):264-271.