Physical Therapy Assessment
Physical Therapists use standardized tests to measure a child’s progress and/or to compare their motor development to other peers their age. Some frequently used tests include:
- Alberta Infant Motor Scale (Piper & Darrah, 1994)
An observational tool used to discriminate typical from atypical motor function in infants 0-18 months of age
- Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition
A standardized tool designed to identify children with developmental delays and to provide information for intervention planning in children 1-42 months of age. Includes Cognitive, Language, Motor, Social-Emotional, and Adaptive Behavior Scales.
- Peabody Developmental Motor Scales - Revised (Fewell & Folio,
A standardized assessment of fine and gross motor abilities in children birth to 6 years of age.
- Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, 2nd edition (Bruininks,
A standardized test assessing gross and fine motor skills in children 4-21 years of age. Gross Motor Function Measure (Russell, Rosenbaum, et al, 1993) An observational measure of change in gross motor function over time for children birth to 5 years of age.
PTs commonly include the following clinical observations:
- Muscle Tone
- Observational Gait Analysis
- Range of Motion
- Play observation
- Self Care (e.g. eating and dressing)
Center on Human Development and Disability,
Clinical Training Unit, University of Washington,
Box 357920, Seattle, WA 98195-7920 firstname.lastname@example.org