Underground Press Database


This interactive database accompanies the maps, charts, and articles in the unit on Underground/Alternative Newspapers History and Geography . Filter by location, year, and category of publication. Sources and methods are explained below.The database is hosted by Tableau Public and may take a few seconds to respond. If slow, refresh the page.

Sources: Annotations (Baltimore, Md.: Alternative Press Centre, 1996). James Lewes, Protest and Survive, Underground GI Newspapers during the Vietnam War (Wesport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003) and GI Press Collection. . Roger Lewis, Outlaws of America: The Underground press and Its Context (London: Heinrich Hanau, 1972). Robert H.Muller, From Radical Left to Extreme Right: Current Periodicals of Protest, Controversy, or Dissent (Ann Arbor, Mich.: Campus Publishers, 1976, 1970 and 1974 editions). The Sixties: Primary Documents and Personal Narratives 1960 – 1974 (Alexander Street Press, 2016). Underground Press Collection: A Guide to the Microfilm Collection (Ann Arbor, Mich. (Hoover Institution, 1988). University of Oregon Underground Press Directory. University of Washington Underground Press Directory. Ken Wachsberger,.Insider Histories of the Vietnam War Underground Press (East Lansing, Mich.: Michigan State University Press, Parts 1 & 2, 2011 and 2012). Independent Voices: An Open Action Collection of an Alternative Press .

Methods note: This database is in progress. The categories assigned to newspapers are meant to be helpful but often overlap and certainly are not definitive. "Alternative" is the default. The label "underground" is reserved for those known to have subscribed to the Underground Press Service or which used that term in their own labeling and publicity.

Research and data compilation: Katie Anastas

Special thanks to Dr. James Lewes who supplied several hundred entries from the GI Press Collection and offered corrections on many other entries.

Maps: James Gregory

Additional underground press maps and charts


Click to see map and charts
Maps of underground and alternative newspapers 1965-1975

Here are seven maps and charts showing the year-by year geography of the underground media system, locating the comings and goings of more than 2,000 weeklies and monthies. Filter by state and by categories, including African American, Chicana/o, GI antimilitarist, countercultural, radical left, and other descriptives.


Click to see maps and charts
Underground GI newspapers (antimilitarist) 1965-1975

Based on data assembled by James Lewes, these maps and charts locate 768 periodicals associated with the GI antimilitarist movement in the era of Vietnam war. By 1970, antiwar periodicals for GIs were available near most military bases in the US and at bases in Europe and Asia, especially in West Germany and Japan.


Underground newspapers: The social media networks of the 1960s and 70s

By Katie Anastas

This essay explains the history and significance of the underground press while introducing the many types of periodicals that contributed to this important medium. Fueling the social movements of the era, the underground press ranged from big city weeklies with large circulations to specialized periodicals representing feminists, African American and Chicano activists, anti-war GIs, peace groups, LGBT groups, and also, curiously, various conservative perspectivies.