Week 1 Answers and Lectures

Case 7

Diagnosis: ALS

The keys to this case are:

  1. Motor only which generally puts you in the categories of motor neuron, neuromuscular junction and muscle.
  2. Gradually progressive proximal and distal disease without fatigability.
  3. Asymmetric bilateral without eye involvement.
  4. Recognizing lower motor neuron signs including fasciculations, weakness, atrophy, and the EMG test.
  5. Recognizing upper motor neuron signs including weakness and retained reflexes in the face of 3/5 weakness. If all of the disease was LMN, the reflexes would be absent.

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Case 24

Diagnosis: MIGRAINE HEADACHE

The keys to this case are:

  1. Nausea, photophobia, sonophobia, and vomiting are all common symptoms of migraine.
  2. Migraine duration is usually a few hours to days.
  3. Not responding to anti-migraine drugs does not rule out migraine.

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