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A

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B

RD Badawi, PK Marsden, BF Cronin, JL Sutcliffe and MN Maisey 1996 "Optimization of noise-equivalent count rates in 3D PET" Phys. Med. Biol. 41, 1755-1776 [abstract from NLM]

RD Badawi, MA Lodge and PK Marsden 1998 "Algorithms for calculating detector normalization coefficients for true coincidences in 3D PET" Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 189-205 [abstract from NLM]

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DL Bailey, T Jones, TJ Spinks, MC Gilardi and DW Townsend 1991 "Noise Equivalent Count Measurements in a Neuro-PET Scanner with Retractable Septa" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 10(3):256-260

DL Bailey, and SR Meikle 1994 "A Convolution-Subtraction scatter correction method for 3D PET" Phys. Med. Biol. 39, 411-424
 

DL Bailey 1996 Quantification in 3D Positron Emission Tomography PhD Thesis, University of Surrey, United Kingdom

DL Bailey, DW Townsend, PE Kinahan, S Grootoonk and T Jones 1996 "An investigation of factors affecting detector and geometric correction in normalisation of 3-D PET data." IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(6), 3300-3307

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C

ME Casey and EJ Hoffman 1986 "Quantitation in Positron Emission Computed Tomography: 7. A technique to reduce noise in accidental coincidence measurements and coincidence efficiency calibration" J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 10,845-850 [abstract from NLM]

ME Casey and R Nutt 1986 "A Multicrystal Two Dimensional BGO Detector System For Positron Emission Tomography" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 33(1),460-463

ME Casey 1992 An Analysis of Counting Losses in Positron Emission Tomography PhD Thesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA.

ME Casey, H Gadagkar and D Newport 1995 "A component based method for normalisation in volume PET" Proceedings of the 3rd International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Aix-les-Bains, France.

A-X F Chatziioannou 1996, "Measurements and Calculations Towards Quantitative Whole Body PET Imaging", PhD Thesis, UCLA.

SR Cherry, M Dahlbom and E J Hoffman 1991 "3D PET using a conventional multislice tomograph without septa" J. Comput. Assist. Tomogr. 15 655-68 [abstract from NLM]

SR Cherry, SR Meikle and EJ Hoffman 1993a "Correction and Characterisation of Scattered Events in Three-Dimensional PET Using Scanners with Retractable Septa" J Nucl Med 34:671-678 [abstract from NLM]

SR Cherry , RP Woods,  EJ Hoffman and JC Mazziotta 1993b "Improved Detection of Focal Cerebral Blood Flow Changes Using Three-Dimensional Positron Emission Tomography" J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 13(4):630-638 [abstract from NLM]

SR Cherry and S-C Huang 1995 "Effects of Scatter on Model Parameter Estimates in 3D PET Studies of the Human Brain" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42(4), 1174-1179

SR Cherry, Y Shao, RW Silverman, K Meadors, S Siegel, A. Chatziioannou, JW Young, WF Jones, JC Moyers, D Newport, A Boiutefnouchet, TH Farquhar, M Andreaco, MJ Paulus, DM Binkley, R Nutt and ME Phelps, 1997 "MicroPET: A High Resolution PET Scanner for Imaging Small Animals" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 44(3), 1161-1166

Chesler_and_Stearns,1990 DA Chesler and CW Stearns 1990, "Calibration of Detector Sensitivity in Positron Cameras" IEEE Trans. Nuc. Sci.37(2), 768-772

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BE Cooke, AC Evans, EO Fanthome, R Alarie and AM Sendyk 1984, "Performance figure and images from the Therascan 3128 positron emission tomograph" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 31(1):640-644


D-E-F

F Daghighian, P Shenderov, KS Pentlow, MC Graham, B Eshaghian, CL Melcher and JS Schweitzer 1993 "Evaluation of Cerium Doped Lutetium Oxyorthosilicate (LSO) Scintillation Crystal for PET." IEEE Trans Nucl Sci. 40(4):1045-1047

M Dahlbom, SR Cherry, L Eriksson, EJ Hoffman and K Wienhard 1993 "Optimization of PET Instrumentation for Brain Activation Studies" IEEE Trans Nucl Sci. 40(4):1049-1054

M Dahlbom, LR MacDonald, L Ericsson, M Paulus, M Andreaco, ME Casey and C Moyers, 1997 "Performance of a YSO/LSO Phoswich Detector for use in a PET/SPECT System" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 44(3), 1114-1119

ME Daube-Witherspoon and G Muehllehner, 1987 "Treatment of axial data in three-dimensional PET" J. Nucl Med. 28, 1717-1724 [abstract from NLM]

M Defrise, DW Townsend, D Bailey, A Geissbuhler, C Michel and T Jones 1991 "A normalisation technique for 3D PET data", Phys. Med. Biol.  36, 939-952 [abstract from NLM]

M Defrise, PE Kinahan, DW Townsend, C Michel, M Sibomana and DF Newport, 1997 "Exact and approximate rebinning algorithms for 3D-PET data" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 16(2) 145-158 [abstract from NLM]

RD Evans 1955 The Atomic Nucleus McGraw-Hill, New York, 1955 LCCCN 55-7275

DC Ficke, JT Hood and MM Ter-Pogossian, 1996 "A Spheroidal Positron Emission Tomograph for Brain Imaging: A Feasibility Study" J. Nucl. Med. 37(7) 1219-1225 [abstract from NLM]


G-H-I

G Germano and EJ Hoffman 1990 "A study of data loss and mispositioning due to pileup in 2-D detectors in PET" IEEE  Trans. Nucl. Sci. 37(2), 671-675

G Germano and EJ Hoffman 1991 "An Investigation of methods of pileup rejection for 2D Array detectors employed in high-resolution PET" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 10(2) 223-227

S Grootoonk, TJ Spinks, D Sashin, NM Spryou and T Jones 1996 "Correction for scatter in 3D brain PET using a dual energy window method" Phys. Med. Biol. 41, 2757-2774 [abstract from NLM]

R Guzzardi and CR Bellina 1990  Reconstructed Scatter Fraction Chapter 5, "Performance Evaluation of Positron Emission Tomographs", Medical and Public Health Research Programme of the European Communities

K Hamacher, HH Coenen and G Stocklin 1986 "Efficient stereospecific synthesis of no-carrier-added 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose using aminopolyether supported nucleophilic substitution" J Nucl Med 27(2), 235-238 [abstract from NLM]

RA Hawkins, Y Choi, S-C Huang, CK Hoh, M Dahlbom, C Schiepers, N Satyamurthy, JR Barrio and ME Phelps 1992 "Evaluation of the Skeletal Kinetics of Fluorine-18-Fluoride Ion with PET" J Nucl Med 33(5), 633-642 [abstract from NLM]

P Hellman, H Ahlström, M Bergström, A Sundin, B Långström, Göran Weterberg and C Julin 1994 "Positron emission tomography with 11C-methionine in hyperparathyroidism" Surgery, 116(6), 974-981 [abstract from NLM]

E J Hoffman, S-C Huang, ME Phelps and DE Kuhl  1981 "Quantitation in Positron Emission Computed Tomography: 4. Effect of Accidental Coincidences." J Comput Assist Tomogr  5(3):391-400 [abstract from NLM]

EJ Hoffman, TM Guerrero, G Germano, WM Digby and M Dahlbom 1989 "PET system calibrations and corrections for quantitative and spatially accurate images" IEEE Trans. Nuc. Sci. 36(1), 1108-1112

PK Hooper, SR Meikle, S Eberl and MJ Fulham 1996 "Validation of Postinjection Transmission Measurements for Attenuation Correction in Neurological FDG-PET Studies" J. Nucl. Med. 37(1) 128-136 [abstract from NLM]

S-C Huang, RE Carson, EJ Hoffman, J Carson, N MacDonald, JR Barrio and ME Phelps 1983 "Quantitative measurement of local cerebral blood flow in humans by positron emission tomography and 15O-water" J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metabol. 3(2), 141-153 [abstract from NLM]

HM Hudson and RS Larkin 1994 "Accelerated Image Reconstruction using Ordered Subsets of Projection Data" IEEE Trans. Med. Imag. 13, 601-609


J-K-L

PH Jarritt and PD Acton 1996 "PET imaging using gamma camera systems: A review" Nucl. Med. Comm. 17 758-766 [abstract from NLM]

HE Johns and JR Cunningham 1983 The Physics of Radiology (fourth edition) Charles C Thomas, Ill. USA, ISBN 0-398-04669-7

K Jordan 1990 EEC Emission phantom Appendix, "Performance Evaluation of Positron Emission Tomographs", Medical and Public Health Research Programme of the European Communities

T Jones, DL Bailey, PM Bloomfield, TJ Spinks, W Jones, K Vaigneur, J Reed, J Young, D Newport, C Moyers, ME Casey, and R Nutt 1996 "Performance characteristics and novel design aspects of the most sensitive PET camera for high temporal and spatial resolution" J. Nucl. Med. 37 85P

I Kanno, AA Lammertsma, JD Heather, JM Gibbs, CG Rhodes, JC Clark and T Jones 1984 "Measurements of cerebral blood flow using bolus inhalation of C15O2 and positron emission tomography: description of the method and comparison with C15O2 continuous inhalation method" J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metabol. 4(2), 224-234 [abstract from NLM]

JS Karp, G Muehllehner, H Qu and XH Yan 1995 "Singles Transmission in Volume-Imaging PET with a Cs-137 Source" Phys. Med. Biol. 40 (5) 929-944 [abstract from NLM]

PE Kinahan and JG Rogers 1990 "Analytic 3D Image Reconstruction Using All Detected Events" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36(1), 964-968

PE Kinahan, F Jadali, D Sashin, ML Brown, MA Mintun, RL Baron and DW Townsend 1995a "A comparison of 2D and 3D abdominal PET imaging" J. Nucl. Med. 36(5):7P

PE Kinahan, DW Townsend, DL Bailey, D Sashin, F Jadali and MA Mintun 1995 "Efficiency Normalisation Techniques for 3D PET Data" IEEE Nuclear Science symposium and Medical Imaging Conference Record 2, 1021-1025 IEEE cat. 95CH35898

GF Knoll, 1989 Radiation detection and measurement (2nd Edition) John Wiley and Sons 88-26142

WJ Koh, KS Bergman, JS Rasey, LM Peterson, ML Evans, MM Graham, JR Grierson, KL Lindsley, TK Lewellen, KA Krohn and TW Griffin 1995 "Evaluation of oxygenation status during fractionated radiotherapy in human non-small cell cancers using 18F-Fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography" Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 33(2) 391-398 [abstract from NLM]

WG Kuhle, G Porenta, S-C Huang, D Buxton, SS Gambhir, H Hansen, ME Phelps and HR Schelbert 1992 "Quantification of regional myocardial blood flow using 13N ammonia and reoriented dynamic positron emission tomographic imaging" Circulation 86(3), 1004-1017 [abstract from NLM]

CS Levin, M Dahlbom and EJ Hoffman 1995 "A Monte-Carlo Correction for the Effect of Compton Scattering in 3-D PET Brain Imaging" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42(4) 1181-1185

J-S Liow and SC Strother 1995 "Normalisation using rotating rods for 3D PET" Proceedings of the 3rd International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Aix-les-Bains, France.

WK Luk, WD Digby,  WF Jones and ME Casey 1995 "An Analysis of Correction Methods for Emission Contamination in PET Postinjection Transmission Measurement" IEEE Trans. Nuc. Sci. 42(6), 2303-2308
 


M-N-O

RC Marshall, JH Tillisch, ME Phelps, S-C Huang, R Carson, E Henze and HR Schelbert 1983 "Identification and differentiation of resting myocardial ischemia and infarction in man with positron computed tomography, 18F-labelled fluorodeoxyglucose and N-13 ammonia. "  Circulation 67(4), 766-778 [abstract from NLM]

CE Metz 1986 "ROC methodology in Radiologic Imaging", Invest. Radiol. 21(9) 720-733 [abstract from NLM]

G Muehllehner and JS Karp 1986 "A Positron Camera Using Position-Sensitive Detectors: PENN-PET" J. Nucl. Med. 27 90-98 [abstract from NLM]

T R Oakes, V Sossi and T J Ruth 1998 "Normalization for 3D PET with a low-scatter planar source and measured geometric factors" Phys. Med. Biol. 43(4) 961-972. [abstract from NLM]

JM Ollinger 1995 "Detector efficiency and Compton scatter in fully 3D PET" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42(4) 1168-1173

JM Ollinger 1996 "Model-based scatter correction for fully 3D PET" Phys. Med. Biol. 41 153-176 [abstract from NLM]


P-Q-R

ME Phelps, JC Mazziotta and HR Schelbert (editors) 1986 Positron emission tomography and autoradiography - principles and applications for the brain and heart Raven Press, ISBN 0-88167-118-5

WH Press, SA Teukolsky, WT Etterling and BP Flannery 1992 "Numerical Recipes in C", Second Ed., Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0 521 43108 5

R A Raylman, BE Hammer and NL Christensen 1992 "Combined MRI-PET scanner: a Monte-Carlo evaluation of improvements in PET resolution due to the effects of a static homogeneous magnetic field" IEEE Trans. Nuc. Sci. 43(4) 2406-2412

DW Rickey, R Gordon and W Huda 1992 "On lifting the inherent limitations of positron emission tomography by using magnetic fields (MagPET)" Automedica, 14 355-369


S-T-U

L Shao, R Freifelder and J S Karp 1994 "Triple Energy Window Scatter Correction Technique in PET" IEEE Trans. Med Imag 13 (4) 641-648

S Siegel and M Dahlbom 1992 "Implementation and evaluation of a calculated attenuation correction for PET" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39 (4) 1117-1121 [abstract from NLM]

DA Silbersweig , E Stern , CD Frith, C Cahill, L Schnorr, S Grootoonk, T Spinks, J Clark J, R Frackowiak, and T Jones 1993 "Detection of Thirty-Second Cognitive Activations in Single Subjects with Positron Emission Tomography: A New Low-Dose H215O Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Three-Dimensional Imaging Technique" J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 13(4) 617- 629 [abstract from NLM]

TJ Spinks, T Jones, DL Bailey, DW Townsend, S Grootoonk, PM Bloomfield, M-C Gilardi, ME Casey, B Sipe and J Reed 1992 "Physical performance of a positron tomograph for brain imaging with retractable septa" Phys. Med. Biol. 37(8), 1637-1655 [abstract from NLM]

TJ Spinks, MP Miller, DL Bailey, PM Bloomfield, L Livieratos and T Jones 1998 "The effect of activity outside the direct field of view in a 3D-only whole-body positron tomograph" Phys. Med. Biol. 43(4) 895-904. [abstract from NLM]

MW Stazyk, V Sossi, KR Buckley and TJ Ruth 1994 "Normalisation measurement in septa-less PET cameras" J. Nucl. Med. 35(5) 41P

CW Stearns 1995 "Scatter correction method for 3D PET using 2D fitted Gaussian functions" J. Nucl. Med. 36 105P

CW Stearns, SR Cherry and CJ Thompson 1995 "NECR Analysis of 3D Brain PET Scanner Designs" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 42(4):1075-1079

LG Strauss and PS Conti 1991 "The Application of PET in Clinical Oncology" J Nucl Med 32(4):623-648 [abstract from NLM]

SC Strother, ME Casey and EJ Hoffman 1990 "Measuring  PET Scanner Sensitivity: Relating Count rates to Image Signal-to-Noise Ratios using Noise Equivalent Counts" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.37(2):783-788

MM Ter Pogossian, NA Mullani and DC Ficke 1981 "Photon time-of-flight assisted positron emission tomography" J Comput Assist Tomogr 5 227-239 [abstract from NLM]

CJ Thompson, A Dagher, DN Lunney, SC Strother and AC Evans 1986 "A technique to reject scattered radiation in PET transmission scans", in Int. Wkshp. Phys. Eng. Computerised Multidimensional Imag. Processing, PROC SPIE, 671 244-253

DW Townsend, A Geissbuhler, M Defrise, EJ Hoffman, TJ Spinks, DL Bailey , MC Gilardi  and T Jones 1991 "Fully three-dimensional reconstruction for a PET camera with retractable septa" IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 10 505-512

DW Townsend, P Kinahan , T Beyer , F Jadali , D Sashin and M Mintun 1995 "Performance Characteristics of PET Scanners operated in 3D mode" Proceedings of the 1995 CEA/LETI  International Meeting on Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. Aix-les-Bains, France.
 


V-W-X-Y-Z

O Warburg 1931 "The metabolism of tumors" New York: Richard Smith;129-161

CC Watson, D Newport and ME Casey 1996 "A single-scatter simulation technique for scatter correction in 3D PET" Fully Three-Dimensional Image Reconstruction in Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Eds P Grangeat and JL Amans, Kluwer Academic Publishers, ISBN 0 7923 4129 5

M Xu, PD Cutler, WK Luk 1996 "Adaptive, Segmented Attenuation Correction for Whole-Body PET Imaging" IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci., 43 (1) 331-336


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Last revised by:

Ramsey Badawi

Revision date:

5 Aug1999