University of Washington’s Center for Philosophy for Children
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Title and Author: “Dragons and Giants” (in Frog and Toad Together) by Arnold Lobel

Field of Philosophy: Ethics

Plot Summary: Frog and Toad wonder if they are brave like the characters in the book they’re reading. They decide to find out by facing a series of challenges (climbing a mountain, escaping snake and hawk attacks, and running away from an avalanche). Hiding and running away, after each encounter they shout, “We are not afraid?” After the final challenge, Frog and Toad run back to Toad’s house and hide in the closet and under the covers. They comment that they are each glad that they know such a brave person like the other. They then hide in the house for a while just feeling brave together.

Some Discussion Questions:

Are Frog and Toad brave?

Frog says trying to climb a mountain should tell them whether they’re brave.
Does doing something hard to do show that you’re brave? How?

Does doing something that’s dangerous show you are brave? What if someone has made you do it?

Is it brave to do any of the following?
Save someone's life.
Try something new.
Run away from something dangerous.
Eat dinner.
Learn how to swim.
Sing a song.
Make a friend.
Run outside in the rain.
Climb a mountain.

What is the difference between feeling brave and being brave?

Can you be brave and not feel brave?

Can you be brave and be afraid? Can you be brave without being afraid?

Can the following be brave? Why or why not?
Babies. Ducks.
Cats. Books.
Chairs. Birds.
Plants. Paintings.
Cars. Ideas.
Feelings. Songs.

In the story Frog and Toad say that they are not afraid. How do they know?

What can make you afraid?
A movie.
A song.
A lion.
Wind.
A person.
The dark.
Water.
A picture.
A thought.